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@mnpenner mnpenner/color.js
Last active Jul 9, 2016

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RGB <-> HSL+HSL, for Node.js
/**
* Converts an RGB color value to HSL. Conversion formula
* adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_color_space.
* Assumes r, g, and b are contained in the set [0, 255] and
* returns h, s, and l in the set [0, 1].
*
* @param {number} r The red color value
* @param {number} g The green color value
* @param {number} b The blue color value
* @return {array} The HSL representation
*/
exports.rgbToHsl = function(r, g, b){
r /= 255, g /= 255, b /= 255;
var max = Math.max(r, g, b), min = Math.min(r, g, b);
var h, s, l = (max + min) / 2;
if(max == min){
h = s = 0; // achromatic
}else{
var d = max - min;
s = l > 0.5 ? d / (2 - max - min) : d / (max + min);
switch(max){
case r: h = (g - b) / d + (g < b ? 6 : 0); break;
case g: h = (b - r) / d + 2; break;
case b: h = (r - g) / d + 4; break;
}
h /= 6;
}
return [h, s, l];
};
/**
* Converts an HSL color value to RGB. Conversion formula
* adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_color_space.
* Assumes h, s, and l are contained in the set [0, 1] and
* returns r, g, and b in the set [0, 255].
*
* @param {number} h The hue
* @param {number} s The saturation
* @param {number} l The lightness
* @return {array} The RGB representation
*/
exports.hslToRgb = function(h, s, l){
var r, g, b;
if(s == 0){
r = g = b = l; // achromatic
}else{
function hue2rgb(p, q, t){
if(t < 0) t += 1;
if(t > 1) t -= 1;
if(t < 1/6) return p + (q - p) * 6 * t;
if(t < 1/2) return q;
if(t < 2/3) return p + (q - p) * (2/3 - t) * 6;
return p;
}
var q = l < 0.5 ? l * (1 + s) : l + s - l * s;
var p = 2 * l - q;
r = hue2rgb(p, q, h + 1/3);
g = hue2rgb(p, q, h);
b = hue2rgb(p, q, h - 1/3);
}
return [r * 255, g * 255, b * 255].map(Math.round);
};
/**
* Converts an RGB color value to HSV. Conversion formula
* adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSV_color_space.
* Assumes r, g, and b are contained in the set [0, 255] and
* returns h, s, and v in the set [0, 1].
*
* @param {number} r The red color value
* @param {number} g The green color value
* @param {number} b The blue color value
* @return {array} The HSV representation
*/
exports.rgbToHsv = function(r, g, b){
r = r/255, g = g/255, b = b/255;
var max = Math.max(r, g, b), min = Math.min(r, g, b);
var h, s, v = max;
var d = max - min;
s = max == 0 ? 0 : d / max;
if(max == min){
h = 0; // achromatic
}else{
switch(max){
case r: h = (g - b) / d + (g < b ? 6 : 0); break;
case g: h = (b - r) / d + 2; break;
case b: h = (r - g) / d + 4; break;
}
h /= 6;
}
return [h, s, v];
};
/**
* Converts an HSV color value to RGB. Conversion formula
* adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSV_color_space.
* Assumes h, s, and v are contained in the set [0, 1] and
* returns r, g, and b in the set [0, 255].
*
* @param {number} h The hue
* @param {number} s The saturation
* @param {number} v The value
* @return {array} The RGB representation
*/
exports.hsvToRgb = function(h, s, v){
var r, g, b;
var i = Math.floor(h * 6);
var f = h * 6 - i;
var p = v * (1 - s);
var q = v * (1 - f * s);
var t = v * (1 - (1 - f) * s);
switch(i % 6){
case 0: r = v, g = t, b = p; break;
case 1: r = q, g = v, b = p; break;
case 2: r = p, g = v, b = t; break;
case 3: r = p, g = q, b = v; break;
case 4: r = t, g = p, b = v; break;
case 5: r = v, g = p, b = q; break;
}
return [r * 255, g * 255, b * 255].map(Math.round);
};
#!/usr/local/bin/mocha
var expect = require('chai').expect;
var color = require('./color.js');
describe('color', function() {
it('hsl', function() {
var r=11, g=48, b=192;
var hsl = color.rgbToHsl(r,g,b);
var rgb = color.hslToRgb(hsl[0],hsl[1],hsl[2]);
expect(rgb).to.equal([r,g,b]);
});
it('hsv', function() {
var r=11, g=48, b=192;
var hsv = color.rgbToHsv(r,g,b);
var rgb = color.hsvToRgb(hsv[0],hsv[1],hsv[2]);
expect(rgb).to.equal([r,g,b]);
});
});
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