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Patch Extract v1.25 by Greg Linares (@Laughing_Mantis)
<#
================
PATCHEXTRACT.PS1
=================
Version 1.25 Microsoft MSU Patch Extraction and Patch Organization Utility by Greg Linares (@Laughing_Mantis)
This Powershell script will extract a Microsoft MSU update file and then organize the output of extracted files and folders.
Organization of the output files is based on the patch's files and will organize them based on their archicture (x86, x64, or wow64)
as well as their content-type, ie: resource and catalog files will be moved to a JUNK subfolder and patch binaries and index files will
goto a PATCH folder.
This script was developed in order to aid reverse engineers in quickly organizing patches so they can be binary diffed faster and easier.
This was especially developed with the new bulk Microsoft Kernel patches in mind.
Example output folder structure ouput would be similar to this:
C:\PATCHES\MS15-XXX\PRE
-x86
- x86 Binary patched files
-x64
- x64 binary patched files
-WOW64
- syswow64 binary patched files
-JUNK
- resource, catalog, mum, and other non-binary based patched files
-PATCH
- original patch, cabs and xml files from the extraction
-MSIL
- MSIL .NET binary patched files ***New in Version 1.1***
Directories will automagically be organized into filename-version to remove garbage filler folder names
=============
REQUIREMENTS
=============
'expand.exe' to be present in %WINDIR%\SYSTEM32 (it is by default) - It will execute this file @ the current users permissions
A valid Microsoft MSU patch file to extract (PATCH variable)
Directory and File write/creation permissions to the PATH folder specified
=======
USAGE
=======
Powershell -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -File PatchExtract.ps1 -Patch C:\Patches\Windows6.1-KB3088195-x64.msu -Path C:\Patches\MS15-XXX\POST\
This would extract the patch file C:\Patches\Windows6.1-KB3088195-x64.msu to the folder C:\Patches\MS15-XXX\POST\.
It will then create all the sub organization folders within C:\Patches\MS15-XXX\POST\ folder.
(Note: the optional Powershell parameters '-ExecutionPolicy Bypass' is necessary in some environments to overcome Powershell execution restrictions)
==========
ARGUMENTS
==========
-PATCH <STRING:Filename> [REQUIRED] [NO DEFAULT]
Specifies the MSU file that will be extracted to the specified PATH folder and then organized into the x86, x64, WOW, JUNK, and BIN folders specified
Extract command will be "expand -F:* <PATCH> <PATH>"
Non MSU files have not been tested however if the extraction does not generate a CAB file of the same name (indicator of successful extraction of MSU files)
the script assumes extraction failed.
-PATH <STRING:FolderPath> [REQUIRED] [NO DEFAULT]
Specified the folder that the PATCH file will be extracted and organized into
If the specified folders does not exist yet, the user will be prompted if they want to create it.
Relative paths '.\POST' can be used but it has not extensively been tested.
***New in Version 1.1***
The -PATH variable may be now omitted to expand to current directory
-x86 <STRING:Foldername> [OPTIONAL] [DEFAULT='x86']
Specifies the folder name within $PATH to store x86 patch binaries
example: -x86 32bit
-x64 <STRING:Foldername> [OPTIONAL] [DEFAULT='x64']
Specifies the folder name within $PATH to store x64 patch binaries
example: -x64 64bit
-WOW <STRING:Foldername> [OPTIONAL] [DEFAULT='WOW64']
Specifies the folder name within $PATH to store wow64 type patch binaries
example: -WOW sysWOW64
-MSIL <STRING:Foldername> [OPTIONAL] [DEFAULT='MSIL']
*** New in Version 1.1***
Specifies the folder name within $PATH to store .NET type patch binaries
example: -MSIL DOTNET
-JUNK <STRING:Foldername> [OPTIONAL] [DEFAULT='JUNK']
Specifies the folder name within $PATH to store resource, catalog, and other generally useless for diffing patch binaries
example: -JUNK res
-BIN <STRING:Foldername> [OPTIONAL] [DEFAULT='PATCH']
Specifies the folder name within $PATH to store extraction xml and original patch msu and cab files
example: -BIN bin
================
VERSION HISTORY
================
I originally wrote this as an ugly batch file sometime between 2014 and 2015 as a way to organize folders but it was incomplete and buggy
Oct 15, 2015 - Initial Public Release 1.0
Oct 20, 2016 - Version 1.1 Released
* Bug fixes handling new naming format for patch .cab files
* Added the ability to auto-extract to the same directory as current PATCH
* filtered output directory name format to aid in bindiffing
Oct 20, 2016 - Version 1.2 Released
* Bug fixes handling MSIL renaming issues and collisions in renameing patch folders
Nov 7, 2016 - Version 1.25 Released
* Added hack to handle subsequent CAB files Microsoft Added in Windows 10 Cumulative Patches - will make a better way to handle this in 1.3
* Need to figure out if the sub cabs are being extracted based on environment handling/checks
==========
LICENSING
==========
This script is provided free as beer. It probably has some bugs and coding issues, however if you like it or find it useful please give me a shout out on twitter @Laughing_Mantis.
Feedback is encouraged and I will be likely releasing new scripts and tools and training in the future if it is welcome.
-GLin
#>
Param
(
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
[ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
[string]$PATCH = "",
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
[string]$PATH = "",
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
[string]$x86 = "x86",
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
[string]$x64 = "x64",
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
[string]$WOW = "WOW64",
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
[string]$MSIL = "MSIL",
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
[string]$JUNK = "JUNK",
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
[string]$BIN = "PATCH"
)
Clear-Host
if ($PATCH -eq "")
{
Throw ("Error: No PATCH file specified. Specify a valid Microsoft MSU Patch with the -PATCH argument")
}
if ((Split-Path $PATCH -Parent) -eq "")
{
# First look in current working directory for the relative filename
$CurrentDir = $(get-location).Path;
$PATCH = $CurrentDir + "\" + $PATCH
# if that doesnt work we look in the current script directory (less likely)
# but hey we tried
if (!(Test-Path $PATCH))
{
$scriptDir = Split-Path -Path $MyInvocation.MyCommand.Definition -Parent
$PATCH = $scriptDir + "\" + $PATCH
}
}
if (!(Test-Path $PATCH))
{
Throw ("Error: Specified PATCH file ($PATCH) does not exist. Specify a valid Microsoft MSU Patch file with the -PATCH argument.")
}
if ($PATH -eq "")
{
$PATH = Split-Path $PATCH -Parent
write-Host ("PATH = $PATH")
Write-Host ("No PATH folder specified. Will extract to $PATH folder.")
}
#Bug Fix (Resolve-Path Error if invalid path was specified before the path was created)
if (!($PATCH.ToUpper().EndsWith(".MSU")))
{
Do
{
$Attempt = Read-Host ("Warning: Specified PATCH file ($PATCH) is not a MSU file type. Do you still want to attempt extraction? [Y] or [N]")
}
Until ('Y', 'y', 'n', 'N' -ccontains $Attempt)
if ($Attempt.ToUpper() -eq 'N')
{
Write-Host ("Exiting...")
Exit
}
}
if (!(Test-Path $PATH))
{
Do
{
$Attempt = Read-Host ("Warning: Specified PATH folder ($PATH) does not exist. Do you want to create it? [Y] or [N]")
}
Until ('Y', 'y', 'n', 'N' -ccontains $Attempt)
if ($Attempt.ToUpper() -eq 'N')
{
Write-Host ("Exiting...")
Exit
}
else
{
New-Item $PATH -Force -ItemType Directory
Write-Host "Created $PATH Folder" -ForegroundColor Green
}
}
$PATCH = Resolve-Path $PATCH
$PATH = Resolve-Path $PATH
Write-Host "Patch to Extract: $PATCH"
Write-Host "Extraction Path: $PATH"
Write-Host "x86 File Storage Folder Name: $x86"
Write-Host "x64 File Storage Folder Name: $x64"
Write-Host "WOW64 File Storage Folder Name: $WOW"
Write-Host "MSIL File Storage Folder Name: $MSIL"
Write-Host "Junk File Storage Folder Name: $JUNK"
Write-Host "Orignal Patch File Storage Folder Name: $BIN"
$SYSPATH = Join-Path -path (get-item env:\windir).Value -ChildPath "system32"
$EXPAND = Join-Path -path $SYSPATH -ChildPath "expand.exe"
if (!(Test-Path $EXPAND))
{
Throw ("Error: Cannot find 'Expand.exe' in the $SYSPATH folder.")
}
$ARG = '-F:* ' + '"' + $PATCH + '" ' + '"' + $PATH + '"'
Write-Host "Executing the following command: $EXPAND $ARG" -ForegroundColor Green
Start-Process -File $EXPAND -ArgumentList $ARG -Wait
$CAB = Join-Path -path $PATH -ChildPath $((Get-ChildItem $PATCH).Basename + ".CAB")
if ((!(Test-Path $CAB)) -or ($CAB -eq ""))
{
Write-Host "PATH = $PATH"
Write-Host (Get-ChildItem -Path $PATH -Filter *.cab)
### Look for first existing CAB file in the directory as backup
$CAB = (Get-ChildItem -Path $PATH -Filter *.cab | Select-Object -First 1)
Write-Host "CAB = $CAB"
if (!(Test-Path $CAB))
{
Throw "Error: Patch .CAB File could not be located. Patch Extraction failed - please send notification of this error to @Laughing_Mantis."
}
}
<# Microsoft newer patches do not follow this formula - likely an attempt to prevent
auto extraction so we need to handle scenarios where patch cab does not have the same
name as the container MSP #>
$ARG = '-F:* ' + '"' + $CAB + '" ' + '"' + $PATH + '"'
Write-Host "Executing the following command: $EXPAND $ARG" -ForegroundColor Green
Start-Process -File $EXPAND -ArgumentList $ARG -Wait
<# Nov 7th, 2016 - Looks like Microsoft doesn't like my tool and added new sub-CABs to make automagic patch extraction not work.
Adding an additional check to look for sub-CABs incase this becomes the new normal.
This is an absolute hack that will likely be bypassed next month.
#>
$patchCAB = 1
Write-Host "PATH = $PATH"
Write-Host (Get-ChildItem -Path $PATH -Filter *.cab)
### Look for first existing CAB file in the directory as backup
$patchCABID = "cab_" + $patchCAB + "_*.cab"
$CAB = (Get-ChildItem -Path $PATH -Filter $PatchCABID | Select-Object -First 1)
Write-Host "Debug CAB = $CAB"
if (Test-Path $CAB)
{
$flag = "1"
}
while ($flag -eq "1")
{
Write-Host "Subsequent CAB $CAB detected - attempting beta extraction" -ForegroundColor Yellow
$ARG = '-F:* ' + '"' + $CAB + '" ' + '"' + $PATH + '"'
Write-Host "Executing the following command: $EXPAND $ARG" -ForegroundColor Green
Start-Process -File $EXPAND -ArgumentList $ARG -Wait
$patchCAB++
$patchCABID = "cab_" + $patchCAB + "_*.cab"
try
{
$CAB = (Get-ChildItem -Path $PATH -Filter $PatchCABID | Select-Object -First 1)
if ((!(Test-Path $CAB)) -or ($CAB -eq ""))
{
$flag = "0"
}
}
catch
{
$flag = "0"
}
}
$PATCHx86 = Join-Path -path $PATH -ChildPath $x86
$PATCHx64 = Join-Path -path $PATH -ChildPath $x64
$PATCHWOW = Join-Path -path $PATH -ChildPath $WOW
$PATCHMSIL = Join-Path -path $PATH -ChildPath $MSIL
$PATCHJUNK = Join-Path -path $PATH -ChildPath $JUNK
$PATCHCAB = Join-Path -path $PATH -ChildPath $BIN
if (!(Test-Path $PATCHx86 -pathType Container))
{
New-Item $PATCHx86 -Force -ItemType Directory
Write-Host "Making $PATCHx86 Folder" -ForegroundColor Green
}
if (!(Test-Path $PATCHx64 -pathType Container))
{
New-Item $PATCHx64 -Force -ItemType Directory
Write-Host "Making $PATCHx64 Folder" -ForegroundColor Green
}
if (!(Test-Path $PATCHWOW -pathType Container))
{
New-Item $PATCHWOW -Force -ItemType Directory
Write-Host "Making $PATCHWOW Folder" -ForegroundColor Green
}
if (!(Test-Path $PATCHMSIL -pathType Container))
{
New-Item $PATCHMSIL -Force -ItemType Directory
Write-Host "Making $PATCHMSIL Folder" -ForegroundColor Green
}
if (!(Test-Path $PATCHJUNK -pathType Container))
{
New-Item $PATCHJUNK -Force -ItemType Directory
Write-Host "Making $PATCHJUNK Folder" -ForegroundColor Green
}
if (!(Test-Path $PATCHCAB -pathType Container))
{
New-Item $PATCHCAB -Force -ItemType Directory
Write-Host "Making $PATCHCAB Folder" -ForegroundColor Green
}
$PATCHFolders = Get-ChildItem -Path $PATH -Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | where {$_.Attributes -eq 'Directory'}
foreach ($folder in $PATCHFolders)
{
if ($folder.Name.Contains(".resources_"))
{
Move-Item $folder.FullName $PATCHJUNK -Force
Write-Host "Moving $folder to $PATCHJUNK" -ForegroundColor Green
Continue
}
else
{
if ($folder.Name.StartsWith("x86_"))
{
Move-Item $folder.FullName $PATCHx86 -Force
Write-Host "Moving $folder to $PATCHx86" -ForegroundColor Green
Continue
}
if ($folder.Name.StartsWith("amd64_"))
{
Move-Item $folder.FullName $PATCHx64 -Force
Write-Host "Moving $folder to $PATCHx64" -ForegroundColor Green
Continue
}
if ($folder.Name.StartsWith("wow64_"))
{
Move-Item $folder.FullName $PATCHWOW -Force
Write-Host "Moving $folder to $PATCHWOW" -ForegroundColor Green
Continue
}
if ($folder.Name.StartsWith("msil_"))
{
Move-Item $folder.FullName $PATCHMSIL -Force
Write-Host "Moving $folder to $PATCHMSIL" -ForegroundColor Green
Continue
}
}
}
<# PRETTY BINDIFF OUTPUT - changes folder names from x86-microsoft-windows-filename-hash-version-garbage to filename-version #>
$PATCHFolders = Get-ChildItem -Path $PATCHx86 -Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | where {$_.Attributes -eq 'Directory'}
foreach ($folder in $PATCHFolders)
{
if ($folder -like "x86_microsoft-windows-*")
{
$newfolder = $folder.Name.Replace("x86_microsoft-windows-", "")
$newname = $newfolder.Split("_")[0]
$version = $newfolder.Split("_")[2]
$newname = $newname + "_" + $version
Write-Host ("Renaming $folder to $newname") -ForegroundColor Green
Rename-Item -path $folder.FullName -newName ($newname)
}
elseif ($folder -like "x86_*")
{
$newfolder = $folder.Name.Replace("x86_", "")
$newname = $newfolder.Split("_")[0]
$version = $newfolder.Split("_")[2]
$newname = $newname + "_" + $version
Write-Host ("Renaming $folder to $newname") -ForegroundColor Green
Rename-Item -path $folder.FullName -newName ($newname)
}
}
$PATCHFolders = Get-ChildItem -Path $PATCHx64 -Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | where {$_.Attributes -eq 'Directory'}
foreach ($folder in $PATCHFolders)
{
if ($folder -like "amd64_microsoft-windows-*")
{
$newfolder = $folder.Name.Replace("amd64_microsoft-windows-", "")
$newname = $newfolder.Split("_")[0]
$version = $newfolder.Split("_")[2]
$newname = $newname + "_" + $version
Write-Host ("Renaming $folder to $newname") -ForegroundColor Green
Rename-Item -path $folder.FullName -newName ($newname)
}
elseif ($folder -like "amd64_*")
{
$newfolder = $folder.Name.Replace("amd64_", "")
$newname = $newfolder.Split("_")[0]
$version = $newfolder.Split("_")[2]
$newname = $newname + "_" + $version
Write-Host ("Renaming $folder to $newname") -ForegroundColor Green
Rename-Item -path $folder.FullName -newName ($newname)
}
}
$PATCHFolders = Get-ChildItem -Path $PATCHWOW -Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | where {$_.Attributes -eq 'Directory'}
foreach ($folder in $PATCHFolders)
{
if ($folder -like "wow64_microsoft-windows-*")
{
$newfolder = $folder.Name.Replace("wow64_microsoft-windows-", "")
$newname = $newfolder.Split("_")[0]
$version = $newfolder.Split("_")[2]
$newname = $newname + "_" + $version
Write-Host ("Renaming $folder to $newname") -ForegroundColor Green
Rename-Item -path $folder.FullName -newName ($newname)
}
elseif ($folder -like "wow64_*")
{
$newfolder = $folder.Name.Replace("wow64_", "")
$newname = $newfolder.Split("_")[0]
$version = $newfolder.Split("_")[2]
$newname = $newname + "_" + $version
Write-Host ("Renaming $folder to $newname") -ForegroundColor Green
Rename-Item -path $folder.FullName -newName ($newname)
}
}
$PATCHFolders = Get-ChildItem -Path $PATCHMSIL -Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | where {$_.Attributes -eq 'Directory'}
foreach ($folder in $PATCHFolders)
{
if ($folder -like "msil_*")
{
$newfolder = $folder.Name.Replace("msil_", "")
$newname = $newfolder.Split("_")[0]
$version = $newfolder.Split("_")[2]
$newname = $newname + "_" + $version
Write-Host ("Renaming $folder to $newname") -ForegroundColor Green
Rename-Item -path $folder.FullName -newName ($newname)
}
}
$Junkfiles = Get-ChildItem -Path $PATH -Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
foreach ($JunkFile in $Junkfiles)
{
try
{
if (($JunkFile.Name.EndsWith(".manifest")) -or ($JunkFile.Name.EndsWith(".cat")) -or ($JunkFile.Name.EndsWith(".mum")))
{
Move-Item $JunkFile.FullName $PATCHJUNK -Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
Write-Host "Moving $JunkFile to $PATCHJUNK" -ForegroundColor Green
Continue
}
if (($JunkFile.Name.EndsWith(".cab")) -or ($JunkFile.Name.EndsWith(".xml")) -or ($JunkFile.Name.EndsWith(".msu")) -or ($JunkFile.Name.EndsWith("pkgProperties.txt")))
{
Move-Item $JunkFile.FullName $PATCHCAB -Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
Write-Host "Moving $JunkFile to $PATCHCAB" -ForegroundColor Green
Continue
}
if ($JunkFile.Name -eq "patch")
{
Move-Item $JunkFile.FullName $PATCHCAB -Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
Write-Host "Moving $JunkFile to $PATCHCAB" -ForegroundColor Green
Continue
}
}
catch
{
Write-Host "Error Processing ($JunkFile.Fullname)" -ForegroundColor Red
}
}
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