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Python Selenium - Open new tab / focus tab / close tab

On a recent project, I ran into an issue with Python Selenium webdriver. There's no easy way to open a new tab, grab whatever you need and return to original window opener.

Here's a couple people who ran into the same complication:

So, after many minutes (read about an hour) of searching, I decided to do find a quick solution to this problem.

First thing, I've broken down all the steps that were required to do by my program:

  1. Open a new window/tab by simulating a click on a link
  2. Add focus on this new tab
  3. Wait for an element on the new page to be rendered (ui.WebDriverWait)
  4. Do whatever I have to do on this new page
  5. Close the tab
  6. Return focus on original window opener

Easy solution

  • First off, we import our packages:

    import selenium.webdriver as webdriver
    import selenium.webdriver.support.ui as ui
    from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys
    from time import sleep    
  • Let's do it:

    browser = webdriver.Firefox()
    browser.get('https://www.google.com?q=python#q=python')
    first_result = ui.WebDriverWait(browser, 15).until(lambda browser: browser.find_element_by_class_name('rc'))
    first_link = first_result.find_element_by_tag_name('a')
    
    # Save the window opener (current window, do not mistaken with tab... not the same)
    main_window = browser.current_window_handle
    
    # Open the link in a new tab by sending key strokes on the element
    # Use: Keys.CONTROL + Keys.SHIFT + Keys.RETURN to open tab on top of the stack 
    first_link.send_keys(Keys.CONTROL + Keys.RETURN)
    
    # Switch tab to the new tab, which we will assume is the next one on the right
    browser.find_element_by_tag_name('body').send_keys(Keys.CONTROL + Keys.TAB)
        
    # Put focus on current window which will, in fact, put focus on the current visible tab
    browser.switch_to_window(main_window)
    
    # do whatever you have to do on this page, we will just got to sleep for now
    sleep(2)
    
    # Close current tab
    browser.find_element_by_tag_name('body').send_keys(Keys.CONTROL + 'w')
    
    # Put focus on current window which will be the window opener
    browser.switch_to_window(main_window)

Simple!

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