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Install Docker on Termux
HOSTNAMEOPTS="-n alpine"
iface lo inet loopback
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp
hostname alpine
SSHDOPTS="-c openssh"
NTPOPTS="-c busybox"
DISKOPTS="-v -m sys -s 0 /dev/sda"

Docker on Termux [in a VM]

Create a Linux VM and install Docker in it so you can (slowly) run x86 Docker containers on your Android device.

Recommended to use SSH or external keyboard to execute the following commands unless you want sore thumbs. See

  • Install QEMU

     pkg install qemu-utils qemu-common qemu-system-x86_64-headless
  • Download Alpine Linux 3.12 (virt optimized) ISO

     mkdir alpine && cd $_
  • Create disk (note it won't actually take 4GB of space, more like 500MB)

     qemu-img create -f qcow2 alpine.img 4G
  • Boot it up

    qemu-system-x86_64 -machine q35 -m 1024 -smp cpus=2 -cpu qemu64 \
      -drive if=pflash,format=raw,read-only,file=$PREFIX/share/qemu/edk2-x86_64-code.fd \
      -netdev user,id=n1,hostfwd=tcp::2222-:22 -device virtio-net,netdev=n1 \
      -cdrom alpine-virt-3.12.3-x86_64.iso \
      -nographic alpine.img
  • Login with user root (no password)

  • Setup network (press Enter to use defaults):

     localhost:~# setup-interfaces
     Available interfaces are: eth0.
     Enter '?' for help on bridges, bonding and vlans.
     Which one do you want to initialize? (or '?' or 'done') [eth0] 
     Ip address for eth0? (or 'dhcp', 'none', '?') [dhcp] 
     Do you want to do any manual network configuration? [no] 
     localhost:~# ifup eth0
  • Create an answerfile to speed up installation:

    localhost:~# wget
  • Patch setup-disk to enable serial console output on boot

    localhost:~# sed -i -E 's/(local kernel_opts)=.*/\1="console=ttyS0"/' /sbin/setup-disk
  • Run setup to install to disk

    localhost:~# setup-alpine -f answerfile
  • Once installation is complete, power off the VM (command poweroff) and boot again without cdrom:

    qemu-system-x86_64 -machine q35 -m 1024 -smp cpus=2 -cpu qemu64 \
      -drive if=pflash,format=raw,read-only,file=$PREFIX/share/qemu/edk2-x86_64-code.fd \
      -netdev user,id=n1,hostfwd=tcp::2222-:22 -device virtio-net,netdev=n1 \
      -nographic alpine.img
  • Install docker and enable on boot:

    alpine:~# apk update && apk add docker
    alpine:~# service docker start
    alpine:~# rc-update add docker
  • Useful keys:

    • Ctrl+a x: quit emulation
    • Ctrl+a h: toggle QEMU console
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LeftandRights commented Aug 20, 2023

-hostfwd=tcp::8080-:80 -hostfwd=tcp::9000-:8081

if I use this command: qemu-system-x86_64 -machine q35 -m 1024 -smp cpus=2 -cpu qemu64 -drive if=pflash,format=raw,read-only,file=$PREFIX/share/qemu/edk2-x86_64-code.fd -netdev user,id=n1, -hostfwd=tcp::2222-:22 -hostfwd=tcp::8080-:80 -hostfwd=tcp::9000-:8081 -device virtio-net,netdev=n1 -nographic alpine.img

I gets this message: qemu-system-x86_64: -hostfwd=tcp::2222-:22: invalid option

Sorry for the previous comment, the hostfwd flag should be used along with the netdev flag which turns out be something like this
qemu-system-x86_64 -machine q35 -m 1024 -smp cpus=2 -cpu qemu64 -drive if=pflash,format=raw,read-only,file=$PREFIX/share/qemu/edk2-x86_64-code.fd -netdev user,id=n1,hostfwd=tcp::2222-:22,hostfwd=tcp::8080-:80,hostfwd=tcp::9000-:8081 -device virtio-net,netdev=n1 -nographic alpine.img

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lexavey commented Oct 8, 2023

Out of box ! Thankyou !!!!!!!!!!

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When I launch Alpine with QEMU, I obtain this :

" Starting networking ... * lo ... [ ok ]

  • docker0 ...Cannot find device "docker0"
    Cannot find device "docker0"
    Device "docker0" does not exist.
    [ ok ]
  • eth0 ... [ ok ]
  • Seeding random number generator ... * Seeding 256 bits and crediting
  • Saving 256 bits of creditable seed for next boot
    [ ok ] "

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got internet error. so what I did:
vi /etc/resolv.conf



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apchhi commented Dec 26, 2023

To avoid the connection problem that occurred with the authors of the posts above, you need to do the following:

  1. In the interface setup item localhost:~# setup-interfaces, select 2 items and 3 type "yes" instead of [no]
    Do you want to do any manual network configuration? [no] yes
  2. In the document that opens, paste this:
    auto lo
    iface lo inet loopback
    auto eth0
    iface eth0 inet static
  3. Check:
    cat /etc/network/interfaces
  4. localhost:~# ifup eth0
  5. Check this file:
    cat /etc/resolve.conf
  6. If there is no such thing, then insert:
    echo "nameserver nameserver" > /etc/resolv.conf
  7. localhost:~# /etc/init.d/networking restart
  8. if there are no errors, everything is ok

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shi-ivam commented Jan 7, 2024

echo "nameserver
nameserver" > /etc/resolv.conf

This works

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Hello! 👋

I forked @egandro's qemu-docker-arm (great work!), did some refactoring to work with the latest version of Alpine (3.19) and added to the README @schnatterer's idea to connect and use docker in your terminal using ssh! Creating a great experience to use docker without needing root! 😄


using docker compose to up my postgresql + redis:

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Thank you good sir !

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i have no internet why?

localhost:# ifup eth0 udhcpc: started, v1.31.1 udhcpc: sending discover udhcpc: sending select for udhcpc: lease of obtained, lease time 86400 localhost:# wget 26ed244355d62/raw/answerfile wget: bad address '' edit: This network setting work for me: localhost: # echo -e "auto lo\niface lo inet loopback\nauto eth0\niface eth0 inet dhcp" > /etc/network/interfaces localhost: # /etc/init.d/networking restart localhost:~# echo nameserver > /etc/resolv.conf nameserver does not work for me

Thanks for solving my problem. For me other problem is need modify /etc/apk/repositories enable community source, delete # in '#', otherwise run 'apk add docker' with error 'required by: world[docker-compose]'.

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zzduci commented Feb 23, 2024

I tried running a Flask server in it and listen to port 5000 and host which supposed to be accessible to all devices that connected to the same router. But in this case i can't even access it through my browser. Feel free to reply, any help will be appreciated.

qemu-system-x86_64 -machine q35 -m 1024 -smp cpus=2 -cpu qemu64
-drive if=pflash,format=raw,read-only=on,file=$PREFIX/share/qemu/edk2-x86_64-code.fd
-netdev user,id=n1,hostfwd=tcp::2222-:22,hostfwd=tcp::9000-:9000,hostfwd=tcp::4567-:4567,hostfwd=tcp::5344-:5344 -device virtio-net,netdev=n1
-cdrom alpine-virt-3.12.3-x86_64.iso -nographic alpine.img

like this ,portainer is working now

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This is crazy!! Spinning up a vm in my mobile and running docker in it 🚀

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egandro commented Apr 26, 2024

I updated my installer:

  • latest (stable) alpine 3.19
  • that means latest docker + docker compose
  • mitigation for (well known) alpine dns and ipv4/v6 issues

Please report issues here:

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valorisa commented May 4, 2024

Thanks for updated to 3.19.1

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raj-sharma-git commented May 12, 2024

I am trying to install with the aarch64 qemu but keeps getting
/dev/sda is not a block device suitable for partitioning.

All the step went fine but getting error at the Disk & Install step, looks like it is not able to find the disk.
which I created using:
qemu-img create -f qcow2 alpine.img 20G

I am using below command to boot:
qemu-system-aarch64 -machine virt -m 2048 -smp cpus=2 -cpu max
-drive if=pflash,format=raw,read-only,file=$PREFIX/share/qemu/edk2-aarch64-code.fd
-netdev user,id=n1,hostfwd=tcp::2222-:22 -device virtio-net,netdev=n1
-cdrom alpine-virt-3.19.1-aarch64.iso
-nographic alpine.img

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egandro commented May 14, 2024

@raj-sharma-git I have a question.

Is there a special reason you want to run arm 64? It is still not accelerated - far slower then x86_64 ( I read about 2x or 4x slower - not sure about this). Do you "need" it?

I consider finding out how that works - I still don't understand the reason.

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I thought that the performance would be better because it operates on the same architecture as the phone's processor. My assumption was that it would opt for virtualization instead of emulation, leading to superior performance.

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Abdullrahman-Dawaliby commented May 28, 2024

Guys do you know about proot-distro and ubuntu distro? It's much lighter and faster than qemu and supports docker not sure about alpine

Edit: forget that, it has errors with cgroups and I didn't know how to fix it

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