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Example of `adapter' design pattern in Python
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Example of `adapter' design pattern
# Copyright (C) 2011 Radek Pazdera
# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
# Adaptee (source) interface
class EuropeanSocketInterface:
def voltage(self): pass
def live(self): pass
def neutral(self): pass
def earth(self): pass
# Adaptee
class Socket(EuropeanSocketInterface):
def voltage(self):
return 230
def live(self):
return 1
def neutral(self):
return -1
def earth(self):
return 0
# Target interface
class USASocketInterface:
def voltage(self): pass
def live(self): pass
def neutral(self): pass
# The Adapter
class Adapter(USASocketInterface):
__socket = None
def __init__(self, socket):
self.__socket = socket
def voltage(self):
return 110
def live(self):
return self.__socket.live()
def neutral(self):
return self.__socket.neutral()
# Client
class ElectricKettle:
__power = None
def __init__(self, power):
self.__power = power
def boil(self):
if self.__power.voltage() > 110:
print "Kettle on fire!"
else:
if self.__power.live() == 1 and \
self.__power.neutral() == -1:
print "Coffee time!"
else:
print "No power."
def main():
# Plug in
socket = Socket()
adapter = Adapter(socket)
kettle = ElectricKettle(adapter)
# Make coffee
kettle.boil()
return 0
if __name__ == "__main__":
main()
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