Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

What would you like to do?
Simple DNS server (UDP and TCP) in Python using
#!/usr/bin/env python
# coding=utf-8
import argparse
import datetime
import sys
import time
import threading
import traceback
import socketserver
import struct
from dnslib import *
except ImportError:
print("Missing dependency dnslib: <>. Please install it with `pip`.")
class DomainName(str):
def __getattr__(self, item):
return DomainName(item + '.' + self)
D = DomainName('')
IP = ''
TTL = 60 * 5
soa_record = SOA(
mname=D.ns1, # primary name server
rname=D.andrei, # email of the domain administrator
201307231, # serial number
60 * 60 * 1, # refresh
60 * 60 * 3, # retry
60 * 60 * 24, # expire
60 * 60 * 1, # minimum
ns_records = [NS(D.ns1), NS(D.ns2)]
records = {
D: [A(IP), AAAA((0,) * 16), MX(D.mail), soa_record] + ns_records,
D.ns1: [A(IP)], # MX and NS records must never point to a CNAME alias (RFC 2181 section 10.3)
D.ns2: [A(IP)],
D.mail: [A(IP)],
D.andrei: [CNAME(D)],
def dns_response(data):
request = DNSRecord.parse(data)
reply = DNSRecord(DNSHeader(, qr=1, aa=1, ra=1), q=request.q)
qname = request.q.qname
qn = str(qname)
qtype = request.q.qtype
qt = QTYPE[qtype]
if qn == D or qn.endswith('.' + D):
for name, rrs in records.items():
if name == qn:
for rdata in rrs:
rqt = rdata.__class__.__name__
if qt in ['*', rqt]:
reply.add_answer(RR(rname=qname, rtype=getattr(QTYPE, rqt), rclass=1, ttl=TTL, rdata=rdata))
for rdata in ns_records:
reply.add_ar(RR(rname=D, rtype=QTYPE.NS, rclass=1, ttl=TTL, rdata=rdata))
reply.add_auth(RR(rname=D, rtype=QTYPE.SOA, rclass=1, ttl=TTL, rdata=soa_record))
print("---- Reply:\n", reply)
return reply.pack()
class BaseRequestHandler(socketserver.BaseRequestHandler):
def get_data(self):
raise NotImplementedError
def send_data(self, data):
raise NotImplementedError
def handle(self):
now = datetime.datetime.utcnow().strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.%f')
print("\n\n%s request %s (%s %s):" % (self.__class__.__name__[:3], now, self.client_address[0],
data = self.get_data()
print(len(data), data) # repr(data).replace('\\x', '')[1:-1]
except Exception:
class TCPRequestHandler(BaseRequestHandler):
def get_data(self):
data = self.request.recv(8192).strip()
sz = struct.unpack('>H', data[:2])[0]
if sz < len(data) - 2:
raise Exception("Wrong size of TCP packet")
elif sz > len(data) - 2:
raise Exception("Too big TCP packet")
return data[2:]
def send_data(self, data):
sz = struct.pack('>H', len(data))
return self.request.sendall(sz + data)
class UDPRequestHandler(BaseRequestHandler):
def get_data(self):
return self.request[0].strip()
def send_data(self, data):
return self.request[1].sendto(data, self.client_address)
def main():
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Start a DNS implemented in Python.')
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Start a DNS implemented in Python. Usually DNSs use UDP on port 53.')
parser.add_argument('--port', default=5053, type=int, help='The port to listen on.')
parser.add_argument('--tcp', action='store_true', help='Listen to TCP connections.')
parser.add_argument('--udp', action='store_true', help='Listen to UDP datagrams.')
args = parser.parse_args()
if not (args.udp or args.tcp): parser.error("Please select at least one of --udp or --tcp.")
print("Starting nameserver...")
servers = []
if args.udp: servers.append(socketserver.ThreadingUDPServer(('', args.port), UDPRequestHandler))
if args.tcp: servers.append(socketserver.ThreadingTCPServer(('', args.port), TCPRequestHandler))
for s in servers:
thread = threading.Thread(target=s.serve_forever) # that thread will start one more thread for each request
thread.daemon = True # exit the server thread when the main thread terminates
print("%s server loop running in thread: %s" % (s.RequestHandlerClass.__name__[:3],
while 1:
except KeyboardInterrupt:
for s in servers:
if __name__ == '__main__':

This comment has been minimized.

Copy link

@xixilog xixilog commented Jun 19, 2019

crazy that`s what I want!!!


This comment has been minimized.

Copy link

@MaamounBenhafsa MaamounBenhafsa commented Dec 11, 2019

Hi There How About Many records ! Or name srevers !


This comment has been minimized.

Copy link

@tsgou tsgou commented Mar 8, 2020

i had an error sometimes running the server

dnslib.buffer.BufferError: Not enough bytes [offset=13,remaining=15,requested=101]

and i solved it by changing

def get_data(self):
        return self.request[0].strip()


def get_data(self):
        return self.request[0]
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment