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An AutoHotkey script that restores the use of the scroll wheel on the Microsoft Office Keyboard RT9450, which has not been supported since Windows XP.
; Microsoft Office Keyboard RT9450
; written by pondermatic 2015-06-03
; This AutoHotkey 1.1 script makes the scroll wheel work with Windows 7, 8 and 10.
; The wheel has four speeds: slowest, slow, fast, fastest.
; requires AHKHID library from https://github.com/jleb/AHKHID
; 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
; -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -----
; 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 Help
; 01 00 00 00 01 00 00 00 Office Home
; 01 00 10 00 00 00 00 00 Task Pane
; 01 00 80 00 00 00 00 00 New
; 01 00 00 01 00 00 00 00 Open
; 01 00 00 02 00 00 00 00 Close
; 01 00 00 00 20 00 00 00 Reply
; 01 00 00 00 40 00 00 00 Fwd
; 01 00 00 00 80 00 00 00 Send
; 01 00 20 00 00 00 00 00 Spell
; 01 00 00 04 00 00 00 00 Save
; 01 00 00 08 00 00 00 00 Print
; 01 00 00 10 00 00 00 00 Undo
; 01 00 00 00 10 00 00 00 Redo
; 01 00 00 00 00 01 00 00 =
; 01 00 00 00 00 02 00 00 (
; 01 00 00 00 00 04 00 00 )
; Back space
;
; 01 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 Word
; 01 20 00 00 00 00 00 00 Excel
; 01 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 Web/Home
; 01 40 00 00 00 00 00 00 Mail
; 01 80 00 00 00 00 00 00 Calendar
; 01 00 40 00 00 00 00 00 Files
; 01 00 01 00 00 00 00 00 Calculator
; 01 02 00 00 00 00 00 00 Mute
; 01 04 00 00 00 00 00 00 Volume -
; 01 08 00 00 00 00 00 00 Volume +
; 01 00 02 00 00 00 00 00 Log Off
; Sleep
;
; 01 00 00 00 04 00 00 00 Back
; 01 00 00 00 08 00 00 00 Forward
; 01 00 00 00 00 00 01 00 scroll up slowest
; 01 00 00 00 00 00 21 00 scroll up slow
; 01 00 00 00 00 00 41 00 scroll up fast
; 01 00 00 00 00 00 61 00 scroll up fastest
; 01 00 00 00 00 00 1F 00 scroll down slowest
; 01 00 00 00 00 00 3F 00 scroll down slow
; 01 00 00 00 00 00 5F 00 scroll down fast
; 01 00 00 00 00 00 7F 00 scroll down fastest
; 01 00 00 40 00 00 00 00 Cut
; 01 00 00 20 00 00 00 00 Copy
; 01 00 00 80 00 00 00 00 Paste
; 01 00 08 00 00 00 00 00 Application left (alt-tab)
; 01 00 04 00 00 00 00 00 Application right
;
; 7 Qualifier Key
; -- -------------
; 00 none
; 01 left control
; 02 left shift
; 04 left alt
; 08 left windows
; 10 right control
; 20 right shift
; 40 right alt
#SingleInstance force
#NoEnv ; Recommended for performance and compatibility with future AutoHotkey releases.
SendMode Input ; Recommended for new scripts due to its superior speed and reliability.
SetWorkingDir %A_ScriptDir% ; Ensures a consistent starting directory.
; Set up the AHKHID constants
AHKHID_UseConstants()
; Create GUI to receive messages (won't be displayed)
Gui, +LastFound
hGui := WinExist()
; Intercept WM_INPUT messages
WM_INPUT := 0xFF
OnMessage(WM_INPUT, "InputMsg")
; Register with RIDEV_INPUTSINK (so that data is received even in the background)
result := AHKHID_Register(12, 1, hGui, RIDEV_INPUTSINK)
Return
InputMsg(wParam, lParam)
{
Local devh, bData, bSize, wheel, direction, speed
Critical
; Check for the correct HID device
devh := AHKHID_GetInputInfo(lParam, II_DEVHANDLE)
vn := AHKHID_GetDevInfo(devh, DI_HID_VERSIONNUMBER, True)
if (devh == -1)
or (AHKHID_GetDevInfo(devh, DI_DEVTYPE, True) != RIM_TYPEHID)
or (AHKHID_GetDevInfo(devh, DI_HID_VENDORID, True) != 1118) ; Microsoft 0x045E
or (AHKHID_GetDevInfo(devh, DI_HID_PRODUCTID, True) != 72) ; Office keyboard 0x0048
or (AHKHID_GetDevInfo(devh, DI_HID_VERSIONNUMBER, True) != 292) ; 0x0124
{
return
}
bSize := AHKHID_GetInputData(lParam, bData)
; hex := Bin2Hex(&bData, bSize)
; OutputDebug Data: %hex%
; return
if (bSize != 8) {
return ; we are expecting exactly 8 bytes
}
b1 := NumGet(bData, 1, "UChar")
b2 := NumGet(bData, 2, "UChar")
b3 := NumGet(bData, 3, "UChar")
b4 := NumGet(bData, 4, "UChar")
b5 := NumGet(bData, 5, "UChar")
if (b5 = 0x01) {
Send {=}
}
if (b5 = 0x02) {
Send (
}
if (b5 = 0x04) {
Send )
}
wheelData := NumGet(bData, 6, "UChar")
if (wheelData) {
HandleWheel(wheelData)
}
}
HandleWheel(data) {
direction := (data & 0x0F) >> 3
speed := (data>>4) // 2 * 2 + 1
if (direction == 1) {
Send {WheelDown %speed%}
} else {
Send {WheelUp %speed%}
}
}
; By Laszlo, adapted by TheGood
; http://www.autohotkey.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=377086#377086
Bin2Hex(addr,len) {
Static fun, ptr
If (fun = "") {
If A_IsUnicode
If (A_PtrSize = 8)
h=4533c94c8bd14585c07e63458bd86690440fb60248ffc2418bc9410fb6c0c0e8043c090fb6c00f97c14180e00f66f7d96683e1076603c8410fb6c06683c1304180f8096641890a418bc90f97c166f7d94983c2046683e1076603c86683c13049ffcb6641894afe75a76645890ac366448909c3
Else h=558B6C241085ED7E5F568B74240C578B7C24148A078AC8C0E90447BA090000003AD11BD2F7DA66F7DA0FB6C96683E2076603D16683C230668916240FB2093AD01BC9F7D966F7D96683E1070FB6D06603CA6683C13066894E0283C6044D75B433C05F6689065E5DC38B54240833C966890A5DC3
Else h=558B6C241085ED7E45568B74240C578B7C24148A078AC8C0E9044780F9090F97C2F6DA80E20702D1240F80C2303C090F97C1F6D980E10702C880C1308816884E0183C6024D75CC5FC606005E5DC38B542408C602005DC3
VarSetCapacity(fun, StrLen(h) // 2)
Loop % StrLen(h) // 2
NumPut("0x" . SubStr(h, 2 * A_Index - 1, 2), fun, A_Index - 1, "Char")
ptr := A_PtrSize ? "Ptr" : "UInt"
DllCall("VirtualProtect", ptr, &fun, ptr, VarSetCapacity(fun), "UInt", 0x40, "UInt*", 0)
}
VarSetCapacity(hex, A_IsUnicode ? 4 * len + 2 : 2 * len + 1)
DllCall(&fun, ptr, &hex, ptr, addr, "UInt", len, "CDecl")
VarSetCapacity(hex, -1) ; update StrLen
Return hex
}
@HolyRoses

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@HolyRoses HolyRoses commented Jan 12, 2016

super awesome, thank you!

@hcirneb

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@hcirneb hcirneb commented May 24, 2016

Will this work with Windows 10 64-bit ?

@pondermatic

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Owner Author

@pondermatic pondermatic commented Jul 15, 2016

Yes, it does work with Windows 10 64-bit.

@Limberlostgirl

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@Limberlostgirl Limberlostgirl commented Jan 8, 2020

Can't thank you enough for writing this up!
I do have one hink... the = ( ) and Backspace buttons above the 10 key aren't responding. I am using the KeyWheel.ahk file and everything else works perfectly in my Windows 10 64bit environment... so what am I missing?

@Onoitsu2

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@Onoitsu2 Onoitsu2 commented Feb 11, 2020

Can't thank you enough for writing this up!
I do have one hink... the = ( ) and Backspace buttons above the 10 key aren't responding. I am using the KeyWheel.ahk file and everything else works perfectly in my Windows 10 64bit environment... so what am I missing?

Your function key, above the F1, is it lit? If so, that's why those keys are not working, like = ( ) and backspace, it is sending the insert, print screen, scroll lock, and pause/break instead

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@Onoitsu2 Onoitsu2 commented Feb 11, 2020

I have used this for years, and I thank you very much for it. How did you reverse engineer the keypresses, because the cut, copy and paste buttons, as well as application forward and back are no longer functioning since updating to Windows 10, 64-bit. Every other button is working otherwise, I've come to depend on that when coding, and have missed it since updating. Any thoughts on how I can get this behaving properly. Tried running it as admin or non-admin, and neither will get it to behave.

Nevermind, I got it working by installing the Microsoft Mouse & Keyboard Center, as shown in the post at https://www.autohotkey.com/boards/viewtopic.php?p=294145&sid=41e3b706a450a5d3aeafd46da085b03e#p294145

Yet oddly on Windows 8.1 I didn't have to install that for it to work. Who know.

Will be a sad day when this keyboard eventually dies, as I've had it over 15-years strong.

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@Sabine5034 Sabine5034 commented Mar 21, 2020

Hi James,
this is just to send you my 1000 thanks !! for this fantastic piece of work. I'm a translator (in France) and used the MS Office Keyboard for many years already (so does my husband). We love this keyboard especially for that large scrolling wheel. After having to switch from the lovely 7 to ugly 10 the keyboard seemed to be obsolete. I've been searching the internet for days to find a tweak and - lucky me! - I almost had given up, but then... I found your solution :-). YOU MADE MY DAY !!
One question though, is it possible to have the mute and volume up/down buttons functioning as well?

Again James thank you very much.

Regards to Texas.

Sabine

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@Onoitsu2 Onoitsu2 commented Mar 21, 2020

Hi James,
this is just to send you my 1000 thanks !! for this fantastic piece of work. I'm a translator (in France) and used the MS Office Keyboard for many years already (so does my husband). We love this keyboard especially for that large scrolling wheel. After having to switch from the lovely 7 to ugly 10 the keyboard seemed to be obsolete. I've been searching the internet for days to find a tweak and - lucky me! - I almost had given up, but then... I found your solution :-). YOU MADE MY DAY !!
One question though, is it possible to have the mute and volume up/down buttons functioning as well?

Again James thank you very much.

Regards to Texas.

Sabine

It should already be working in Windows 10. It worked for me even without the software I listed in my message above. Do you not see the overlay in Windows 10 when adjusting the volume level with these keys on the keyboard ?

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@Sabine5034 Sabine5034 commented Mar 21, 2020

I only see the speaker symbol (with the "glued" cross) in the Info area of the monitor's task bar. Pushing the buttons (Mute, Vol + or - ) do not do anything.

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@Sabine5034 Sabine5034 commented Mar 21, 2020

works now. Connected wrong speakers. Silly me, but thanks for your help.

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@MAINLAYERUK MAINLAYERUK commented Jan 20, 2021

Hi I hope someone can help. I have followed instructions in this thread...
https://www.autohotkey.com/boards/viewtopic.php?p=294145&sid=41e3b706a450a5d3aeafd46da085b03e#p294145

Upon launching KeyWheel.ahk I am getting the following line errors...

IMG_1255

Can you please advise what needs to be done in order to get this to work. Many thanks in advance.

@Onoitsu2

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@Onoitsu2 Onoitsu2 commented Jan 20, 2021

Hi I hope someone can help. I have followed instructions in this thread...
https://www.autohotkey.com/boards/viewtopic.php?p=294145&sid=41e3b706a450a5d3aeafd46da085b03e#p294145

Upon launching KeyWheel.ahk I am getting the following line errors...

IMG_1255

Can you please advise what needs to be done in order to get this to work. Many thanks in advance.

You need the item mentioned at the top of the script, that URL is https://github.com/jleb/AHKHID

I placed the files ahkhid.* files in C:\Program Files\AutoHotkey\lib, then was able to run this script, or in my case, simply compiled it into an EXE, so that I no longer need that software installed to utilize it, just moving that EXE over to any computer I need use the full functions of the keyboard on, with of course the MS software for it being installed as well.

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@MAINLAYERUK MAINLAYERUK commented Jan 20, 2021

Thanks for your reply. I had ahdhid.ahk placed in lib folder, while KeyWheel.ahk was in AutoHotKey directory. Once I have renamed ahdhid.ahk to AHDHID the script started working correctly and scroll wheel is working fine now... Result!

As you mentioned I have tried converting file to EXE however it won't let me save, it was done using autohotkey software Convert .ahk to .exe, might have to look into shell:startup so it will run automatically.

@Onoitsu2

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@Onoitsu2 Onoitsu2 commented Jan 20, 2021

Thanks for your reply. I had ahdhid.ahk placed in lib folder, while KeyWheel.ahk was in AutoHotKey directory. Once I have renamed ahdhid.ahk to AHDHID the script started working correctly and scroll wheel is working fine now... Result!

As you mentioned I have tried converting file to EXE however it won't let me save, it was done using autohotkey software Convert .ahk to .exe, might have to look into shell:startup so it will run automatically.

I can provide you a compiled version if you'd like. I have it placed in my Startup folder in my Start menu, so it always runs.
https://onoitsu2.com/Files/KeyWheel.exe

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@MAINLAYERUK MAINLAYERUK commented Jan 20, 2021

Thank you very much, you are a star!

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