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@rhukster
Last active Nov 22, 2022
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Easy Brew PHP version switching
#!/bin/bash
# Creator: Phil Cook
# Modified: Andy Miller
osx_major_version=$(sw_vers -productVersion | cut -d. -f1)
osx_minor_version=$(sw_vers -productVersion | cut -d. -f2)
osx_patch_version=$(sw_vers -productVersion | cut -d. -f3)
osx_patch_version=${osx_patch_version:-0}
osx_version=$((${osx_major_version} * 10000 + ${osx_minor_version} * 100 + ${osx_patch_version}))
homebrew_path=$(brew --prefix)
brew_prefix=$(brew --prefix | sed 's#/#\\\/#g')
brew_array=("5.6","7.0","7.1","7.2","7.3","7.4","8.0","8.1")
php_array=("php@5.6" "php@7.0" "php@7.1" "php@7.2" "php@7.3" "php@7.4" "php@8.0" "php@8.1")
php_installed_array=()
php_version="php@$1"
php_opt_path="$brew_prefix\/opt\/"
php5_module="php5_module"
apache_php5_lib_path="\/lib\/httpd\/modules\/libphp5.so"
php7_module="php7_module"
apache_php7_lib_path="\/lib\/httpd\/modules\/libphp7.so"
php8_module="php_module"
apache_php8_lib_path="\/lib\/httpd\/modules\/libphp.so"
native_osx_php_apache_module="LoadModule ${php5_module} libexec\/apache2\/libphp5.so"
if [ "${osx_version}" -ge "101300" ]; then
native_osx_php_apache_module="LoadModule ${php7_module} libexec\/apache2\/libphp7.so"
fi
# Has the user submitted a version required
if [[ -z "$1" ]]; then
echo "usage: sphp version [-s|-s=*] [-c=*]"
echo
echo " version one of:" ${brew_array[@]}
echo
exit
fi
php_module="$php5_module"
apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php5_lib_path"
simple_php_version=$(echo "$php_version" | sed 's/^php@//' | sed 's/\.//')
if [[ simple_php_version -ge 70 && simple_php_version -lt 80 ]]; then
php_module="$php7_module"
apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php7_lib_path"
elif [[ simple_php_version -ge 80 ]]; then
php_module="$php8_module"
apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php8_lib_path"
fi
apache_change=1
apache_conf_path="$homebrew_path/etc/httpd/httpd.conf"
apache_php_mod_path="$php_opt_path$php_version$apache_php_lib_path"
# What versions of php are installed via brew
for i in ${php_array[*]}; do
version=$(echo "$i" | sed 's/^php@//')
if [[ -d "$homebrew_path/etc/php/$version" ]]; then
php_installed_array+=("$i")
fi
done
# Check that the requested version is supported
if [[ " ${php_array[*]} " == *"$php_version"* ]]; then
# Check that the requested version is installed
if [[ " ${php_installed_array[*]} " == *"$php_version"* ]]; then
# Switch Shell
echo "Switching to $php_version"
echo "Switching your shell"
for i in ${php_installed_array[@]}; do
brew unlink $i
done
brew link --force "$php_version"
# Switch apache
if [[ $apache_change -eq 1 ]]; then
echo "Switching your apache conf"
for j in ${php_installed_array[@]}; do
loop_php_module="$php5_module"
loop_apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php5_lib_path"
loop_php_version=$(echo "$j" | sed 's/^php@//' | sed 's/\.//')
if [[ loop_php_version -ge 70 && loop_php_version -lt 80 ]]; then
loop_php_module="$php7_module"
loop_apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php7_lib_path"
elif [[ loop_php_version -ge 80 ]]; then
loop_php_module="$php8_module"
loop_apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php8_lib_path"
fi
apache_module_string="LoadModule $loop_php_module $php_opt_path$j$loop_apache_php_lib_path"
comment_apache_module_string="#$apache_module_string"
# If apache module string within apache conf
if grep -q "$apache_module_string" "$apache_conf_path"; then
# If apache module string not commented out already
if ! grep -q "$comment_apache_module_string" "$apache_conf_path"; then
sed -i.bak "s/$apache_module_string/$comment_apache_module_string/g" $apache_conf_path
fi
# Else the string for the php module is not in the apache config then add it
else
sed -i.bak "/$native_osx_php_apache_module/a\\
$comment_apache_module_string\\
" $apache_conf_path
fi
done
sed -i.bak "s/\#LoadModule $php_module $apache_php_mod_path/LoadModule $php_module $apache_php_mod_path/g" $apache_conf_path
echo "Restarting apache"
brew services stop httpd
brew services start httpd
fi
echo ""
php -v
echo ""
echo "All done!"
else
echo "Sorry, but $php_version is not installed via brew. Install by running: brew install $php_version"
fi
else
echo "Unknown version of PHP. PHP Switcher can only handle arguments of:" ${brew_array[@]}
fi
@rowild
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rowild commented Dec 14, 2018

Thank you for that script!
Not use, but I think or the native osx apache module, there should be a check against the mac osx version. High Sierra ships with v7 and therefore won't find a php5 module. Wouldn't that cause a problem?

Probably with a directory check?

$FILE = "\/usr\/libexec\/apache2\/libphp7.so

if [ -e $FILE  ]; 
then
  native_osx_php_apache_module="LoadModule php7_module libexec\/apache2\/libphp7.so"
else
  native_osx_php_apache_module="LoadModule php5_module libexec\/apache2\/libphp5.so"
fi

@maksim-pukh
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maksim-pukh commented Mar 3, 2019

Hi. I have an issue with homebrew: php links wrong, in services list "php" is written instead of "php@7.3".
Could you help me, please? The whole issue is on the homebrew forum

And I installed sphp from here

@gwvoigt
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gwvoigt commented Mar 31, 2019

In my current httpd.conf I'm including a custom .conf file in which I load the php modules, so I had to modify the apache_conf_path to point to that file. Other than that it worked very well, thanks!

@signmeuptwice
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signmeuptwice commented May 15, 2019

Is it normal that I have to reboot for the change to be effective ? The script works without any error but if I php -v I still get the previous version until I reboot

@priesdelly
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priesdelly commented Oct 10, 2019

In your article (https://getgrav.org/blog/macos-catalina-apache-multiple-php-versions) httpd.conf is /usr/local/etc/httpd/httpd.conf

Why this file change "apache_conf_path" to "/etc/apache2/httpd.conf" ?

@thomasisberg
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thomasisberg commented Feb 20, 2020

Hi! Works great! But I had to change this line:
sudo sed -i.bak "/$native_osx_php_apache_module/a\\
since Homebrew's Apache installed without a php module in the conf. (And if it did, it probably wouldn't be located at libexec/apache2/). Instead I used:
sudo sed -i.bak "/LoadModule rewrite_module lib\/httpd\/modules\/mod_rewrite.so/a\\

@Sinepel
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Sinepel commented Mar 7, 2020

Hi !

Am I the only one who has a problem with the icu4c library version when I switch from version 5.6/7.1 to 7.2/7.3/7.4 ?

5.6 and 7.1 works with icu4u 63.1 and 7.2, 7.3 and 7.4 with 64.2?

Thank you in advance !

@carlosescri
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carlosescri commented Apr 27, 2020

Hi!

FYI, I had problems with Apache restart, and solved them by changing the script to sudo apachectl -k restart (added -k).

@rhukster
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rhukster commented May 6, 2020

I've updated the script to include the -k restart approach. I was having this myself and had updated locally, but not in the gist.

@vlad7code
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vlad7code commented May 14, 2020

Hi !

Am I the only one who has a problem with the icu4c library version when I switch from version 5.6/7.1 to 7.2/7.3/7.4 ?

5.6 and 7.1 works with icu4u 63.1 and 7.2, 7.3 and 7.4 with 64.2?

Thank you in advance !

Hi @Sinepel,
I have the same problem. Have you found out a solution for this?

Thank you!

@nick322
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nick322 commented Jun 17, 2020

Hi @vlad7code ,@Sinepel,

You should upgrade icu4c , and rebuild php 5.6 and 7.1
see
eXolnet/homebrew-deprecated#23

check ICU version

php -i | grep ICU

Hi !
Am I the only one who has a problem with the icu4c library version when I switch from version 5.6/7.1 to 7.2/7.3/7.4 ?
5.6 and 7.1 works with icu4u 63.1 and 7.2, 7.3 and 7.4 with 64.2?
Thank you in advance !

Hi @Sinepel,
I have the same problem. Have you found out a solution for this?

Thank you!

@budjoe
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budjoe commented Jun 17, 2020

Using this script on Catalina 10.15.5 with HOMEBREW_VERSION: 2.4.0
Had 2 issues -
Script does not stop the running php services
Script does not start the chosen php services
1 remaining issue -
if sudo login is still active, it does not restart Apache correctly, and no password entry required.
Works fine if sudo has timed out and password entry required.
--- Modified Script ---
#!/bin/bash

Creator: Phil Cook

Modified: Andy Miller

Modified Stephen Toth

osx_major_version=$(sw_vers -productVersion | cut -d. -f1)
osx_minor_version=$(sw_vers -productVersion | cut -d. -f2)
osx_patch_version=$(sw_vers -productVersion | cut -d. -f3)
osx_patch_version=${osx_patch_version:-0}
osx_version=$((${osx_major_version} * 10000 + ${osx_minor_version} * 100 + ${osx_patch_version}))

brew_prefix=$(brew --prefix | sed 's#/#\/#g')

brew_array=("5.6","7.0","7.1","7.2","7.3","7.4")
php_array=("php@5.6" "php@7.0" "php@7.1" "php@7.2" "php@7.3" "php@7.4")
valet_support_php_version_array=("php@5.6" "php@7.0" "php@7.1" "php@7.2" "php@7.3" "php@7.4")
php_installed_array=()
php_version="php@$1"
php_opt_path="$brew_prefix/opt/"

php5_module="php5_module"
apache_php5_lib_path="/lib/httpd/modules/libphp5.so"
php7_module="php7_module"
apache_php7_lib_path="/lib/httpd/modules/libphp7.so"

native_osx_php_apache_module="LoadModule ${php5_module} libexec/apache2/libphp5.so"
if [ "${osx_version}" -ge "101300" ]; then
native_osx_php_apache_module="LoadModule ${php7_module} libexec/apache2/libphp7.so"
fi

php_module="$php5_module"
apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php5_lib_path"

Has the user submitted a version required

if [[ -z "$1" ]]; then
echo "usage: sphp version [-s|-s=] [-c=]"
echo
echo " version one of:" ${brew_array[@]}
echo " -s skip change of mod_php on apache"
echo " -s=* skip change of mod_php on apache or valet restart i.e (apache|valet,apache|valet)"
echo " -c=* switch a specific config (apache|valet,apache|valet"
echo
exit
fi

if [[ $(echo "$php_version" | sed 's/^php@//' | sed 's/.//') -ge 70 ]]; then
php_module="$php7_module"
apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php7_lib_path"
fi

apache_change=1
apache_conf_path="/usr/local/etc/httpd/httpd.conf"
apache_php_mod_path="$php_opt_path$php_version$apache_php_lib_path"

valet_restart=0

Check if valet is already install

hash valet 2>/dev/null && valet_installed=1 || valet_installed=0

POSITIONAL=()

Check for skip & change flag

while [[ $# -gt 0 ]]; do
key="$1"
case "$key" in
# This is a flag type option. Will catch either -s or --skip
-s|-s=|--skip=)
if [[ "${1#=}" == "-s" || "${1#=}" == "apache" ]]; then
apache_change=0
elif [ "${1#*=}" == "valet" ]; then
valet_restart=0
fi
;;

    # This is a flag type option. Will catch either -c or --change
    -c=*|--change=*)
         [[ "$1" == *"apache"* ]] && apache_change=1 || apache_change=0
         [[ "$1" == *"valet"* ]] && valet_restart=1 || valet_restart=0
    ;;

    *)
    POSITIONAL+=("$1") # save it in an array for later
    ;;
esac
# Shift after checking all the cases to get the next option
shift

done

What versions of php are installed via brew

for i in ${php_array[*]}; do
if [[ -n "$(brew ls --versions "$i")" ]]; then
php_installed_array+=("$i")
fi
done

Check if php version support via valet

if [[ (" ${valet_support_php_version_array[*]} " != "$php_version") && ($valet_restart -eq 1) ]]; then
echo "Sorry, but $php_version is not support via valet"
exit
fi

Check that the requested version is supported

if [[ " ${php_array[]} " == "$php_version" ]]; then
# Check that the requested version is installed
if [[ " ${php_installed_array[
]} " == "$php_version" ]]; then

    # Stop valet service
    if [[ ($valet_installed -eq 1) && ($valet_restart -eq 1) ]]; then
        echo "Stop Valet service"
        valet stop
    fi

    # stop all running php services -- added
    echo "Stopping running php services"
    for i in ${php_installed_array[@]}; do
        brew services stop $i
    done

    # Switch Shell
    echo "Switching to $php_version"
    echo "Switching your shell"
    for i in ${php_installed_array[@]}; do
        brew unlink $i
    done
   # added --overwrite to ensure linked libraries are clean
    brew link --force --overwrite "$php_version"
    brew services start "$php_version"

    # Switch apache
    if [[ $apache_change -eq 1 ]]; then
        echo "You will need sudo power from now on"
        echo "Switching your apache conf"

        for j in ${php_installed_array[@]}; do
            loop_php_module="$php5_module"
            loop_apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php5_lib_path"
            if [ $(echo "$j" | sed 's/^php@//' | sed 's/\.//') -ge 70 ]; then
                loop_php_module="$php7_module"
                loop_apache_php_lib_path="$apache_php7_lib_path"
            fi
            apache_module_string="LoadModule $loop_php_module $php_opt_path$j$loop_apache_php_lib_path"
            comment_apache_module_string="#$apache_module_string"

            # If apache module string within apache conf
            if grep -q "$apache_module_string" "$apache_conf_path"; then
                # If apache module string not commented out already
                if ! grep -q "$comment_apache_module_string" "$apache_conf_path"; then
                    sudo sed -i.bak "s/$apache_module_string/$comment_apache_module_string/g" $apache_conf_path
                fi
            # Else the string for the php module is not in the apache config then add it
            else
                sudo sed -i.bak "/$native_osx_php_apache_module/a\\

$comment_apache_module_string\
" $apache_conf_path
fi
done
sudo sed -i.bak "s/#LoadModule $php_module $apache_php_mod_path/LoadModule $php_module $apache_php_mod_path/g" $apache_conf_path
echo "Restarting apache"
sudo apachectl -k restart
fi

    # Switch valet
    if [[ $valet_restart -eq 1 ]]; then
        if [[ valet_installed -eq 1 ]]; then
            valet restart
         else
           echo "valet isn't installed in your system, will skip restarting valet service"
        fi
    fi

echo ""
    php -v
    echo ""

    echo "All done!"
else
    echo "Sorry, but $php_version is not installed via brew. Install by running: brew install $php_version"
fi

else
echo "Unknown version of PHP. PHP Switcher can only handle arguments of:" ${brew_array[@]}
fi

@JanRogge
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JanRogge commented Nov 23, 2020

For PHP8 its not working for me because instead of php8_module now its just php_module .

@Bruno21
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Bruno21 commented Dec 4, 2020

Work well, except when switching 7.x to 8.0: httpd.conf is well modified but php_info() stay at php 7.4. (it's ok for php cli).
Need to replace

           #brew services stop httpd
            #brew services start httpd
            sudo apachectl stop
            sleep 0.25
            sudo apachectl start

@Lombra
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Lombra commented Jan 28, 2021

Hi,

I don't use macOS, but I was tasked with setting up an environment for someone on one of the new Apple Silicon MacBooks. (don't know if relevant)

I found that PHP was installed in /opt/homebrew/etc/php rather than /usr/local/etc/php, causing the script to fail. Modifying the script at line 58 to edit the search path accordingly seems to be enough, however.

@pixelninja
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pixelninja commented Feb 23, 2021

Hi,

I don't use macOS, but I was tasked with setting up an environment for someone on one of the new Apple Silicon MacBooks. (don't know if relevant)

I found that PHP was installed in /opt/homebrew/etc/php rather than /usr/local/etc/php, causing the script to fail. Modifying the script at line 58 to edit the search path accordingly seems to be enough, however.

Super useful @Lombra ! I was just about to post this.

Also note that I had to update line 52, which is the Apache config path to /opt/homebrew/etc/httpd/httpd.conf otherwise the switch doesn't update and reload Apache.

@rhukster
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Author

rhukster commented Feb 23, 2021

I really want to update this with automatic support for both intel + m1 paths. Not had a chance to look at this yet.

@rozsival
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rozsival commented Mar 3, 2021

Awesome script! ❤️

I have created a lightweight version for those who use PHP-FPM as Brew service instead of mod_php in Apache. 🧑‍💻

Besides the fact FPM is preferred according to Apache Wiki, the major advantage of such approach is you don't have to restart Apache, nor modify its config files. You simply setup your PHP-FPM instances with the same basic configuration (meaning on the same port) and only choose which one should be running to handle PHP for Apache.

It also, of course, links correct Brew binaries.

Feel free to use it from here. 🚀

@sagarguhe
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sagarguhe commented Apr 7, 2021

Work well, except when switching 7.x to 8.0: httpd.conf is well modified but php_info() stay at php 7.4. (it's ok for php cli).
Need to replace

           #brew services stop httpd
            #brew services start httpd
            sudo apachectl stop
            sleep 0.25
            sudo apachectl start

Yes same for me

@jpickwell
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jpickwell commented Sep 16, 2021

It might be better not to restrict the PHP version, and instead use Homebrew error codes to detect when a version isn't available. With the shivammathur/php tap, at the time of writing this comment, there's php@8.1 and php@8.2. And PHP is on a relatively fast release cycle with 8.1 planned to be released later this year (2021), and 8.2 planned for 2022.

Aside, just to point out the competition, there's this package available in the homebrew/core tap: brew-php-switcher (lol, which is by Phil Cook 😁).

@ronssij
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ronssij commented Nov 10, 2021

Hi guys, I end up using php versions like this. commenting latest version to use the old version on my .zshrc 😁

image
image

I do not know why but its always asking me to export those path exxept when switching to php8.

@dyanakiev
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dyanakiev commented Nov 27, 2021

Work well, except when switching 7.x to 8.0: httpd.conf is well modified but php_info() stay at php 7.4. (it's ok for php cli).
Need to replace

           #brew services stop httpd
            #brew services start httpd
            sudo apachectl stop
            sleep 0.25
            sudo apachectl start

Yes same for me

Same here i get really random results and i have to restart apache few times.. Anyone have any insights why is this happening, never happened before i migrate to m1?

@mcaskill
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mcaskill commented Nov 27, 2021

In my case, it was the use of sudo when restarting HTTPD in SPHP. The OS boots HTTPD without sudo but then when using SPHP, sudo triggers a second instance. You can verify by executing:

brew services list
sudo brew services list

@adrian-kumu
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adrian-kumu commented Dec 4, 2021

is switching to php8.1 available?

@ltlsquare
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ltlsquare commented Dec 5, 2021

@adrian-kumu replace lines 12+13 from:

brew_array=("5.6","7.0","7.1","7.2","7.3","7.4","8.0")
php_array=("php@5.6" "php@7.0" "php@7.1" "php@7.2" "php@7.3" "php@7.4" "php@8.0")

TO:

brew_array=("5.6","7.0","7.1","7.2","7.3","7.4","8.0","8.1")
php_array=("php@5.6" "php@7.0" "php@7.1" "php@7.2" "php@7.3" "php@7.4" "php@8.0" "php@8.1")

Now the switch script is properly switching to php8.1

@rhukster
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Author

rhukster commented Dec 15, 2021

Updated for 8.1.

@lchabrand
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lchabrand commented Dec 19, 2021

Not working for me on a freshly new install macos monterey, using a intel proc.
I installed php with brew install shivammathur/php/php@7.4 and when i use sphp i have the following error message :
Sorry, but php@7.3 is not installed via brew. Install by running: brew install php@7.3

@jpickwell
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jpickwell commented Jan 5, 2022

@lchabrand, do you have PHP 7.3 installed because that's what it's complaining about. Also, checkout brew install brew-php-switcher, however I'm not sure how up-to-date it is. It works with PHP 8.1.

$ brew info brew-php-switcher
brew-php-switcher: stable 2.4 (bottled), HEAD
Switch Apache / Valet / CLI configs between PHP versions
https://github.com/philcook/php-switcher

@Synchro
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Synchro commented Jan 12, 2022

I run nginx rather than apache, and always prefer FPM, so this approach doesn't work generically enough to support that kind of config. As a result, I much prefer @rozsival's approach, and so i just posted a fork of his script that supports PHP 8.1 and drops old versions that are no longer supported.

Note that it's also possible to set up a redirect on the macOS firewall so that you don't have to run nginx/apache on a privileged port, and you can then have it run on its default port 8080, and the firewall forwards traffic from port 80. This is much more robust that reconfiguring the web server every time.

@bgdz
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bgdz commented Sep 21, 2022

@lchabrand wrote:

Not working for me on a freshly new install macos monterey, using a intel proc. I installed php with brew install shivammathur/php/php@7.4 and when i use sphp i have the following error message : Sorry, but php@7.3 is not installed via brew. Install by running: brew install php@7.3

I had the same problem. I changed line 58 to:
if [[ -d "$homebrew_path/opt/php@$version" ]]; then

But then had other problems with the php path. Realized it was because I originally installed php using the built in apache, then used brew to install apache AFTER I installed php, so I uninstalled my php files, example:
brew uninstall shivammathur/php/php@7.4

and then reinstalled them:
brew install shivammathur/php/php@7.4

then switched line 58 back to:
if [[ -d "$homebrew_path/etc/php/$version" ]]; then
I only installed the versions of php that I needed, so I found it helpful to list the php brew versions installed if I try to switch to one that isn't:

after line 119, which currently reads:
echo "Sorry, but $php_version is not installed via brew. Install by running: brew install $php_version."

I added a list of brew installed versions by removing the quote at the end of line 119 and adding a line afterwards to get a list of installed versions, so line 119 & 120 now read:
echo "Sorry, but $php_version is not installed via brew. Install by running: brew install $php_version.
Brew installed versions: " ${php_installed_array[@]}

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