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A summary of Jason Orendorff’s Mozilla Hacks post on ES6 modules

ECMAScript Modules

  • modules are automatically strict mode
  • declarations inside a module are scoped to that module (not visible by other scripts)
  • ECMAScript does not define what import does (it’s left up to the implementation)
  • there is no error recovery; “if anything fails to load or link, nothing runs”
  • exporting:
    • you can export any top-level function, class, var, let, or const

      export function fn() { ... };
    • you can export lists, which can appear anywhere in a module’s top-level scope and can be combined with other export declarations

      export {a, b as bravo};
    • you can designate one of the exports as the default export

      export default function fn() { ... }; 
      
      // or in a list:
      export {a, b as bravo, fn as default};
    • you can re-export from other modules (similar to import-from followed by export, except that re-exported bindings won’t be added to the current module’s scope)

      export {c, d} from 'other';
      export * from 'other'; // re-export everything
  • importing:
    • you can import named exports (and optionally rename them)

      import {a, bravo, c as charlie} from 'module';
    • you can import the default export of a module (incl. CommonJS or AMD modules) by ommiting the braces

      // same value as require('lodash') in CommonJS
      import _ from 'lodash';
    • you can import both the default export and named exports at the same time

      import _, {each, map} from 'lodash';
      // or
      import {default as _, each, map} from 'lodash';
    • you can import a module’s namespace object, which contains all the module’s exports as properties

      import * as user from 'user'; 

Read the full blog post here.

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simevidas commented Dec 1, 2019

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