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Vim cheat sheet

##motions motion | description
------------- | ------------- h | Count characters left
l | Count characters right
^ | To the first character of the line
$ | To the last character of the line
f<char> | To the counth character occurrence to the right. F<char> to the counth character occurrence to the left
t<char> | To 1 character just before the counth character occurrence to the right
T<char> | To 1 character just before the counth character occurrence to the left
w | Count words forward W | Count words forward (different definition for what a word is, includes special characters and such) e | Count forward to the end of word
b | Count words backward
i<{<"'> | Inside something like inside brackets or parenthesis for example

trigger effect
c{motion} Change
d{motion} Delete
y{motion} Yank into register
g~{motion} Toggle case
gu{motion} Make lowercase
gU{motion} Make uppercase
>{motion} Shift right
<{motion} Shift left
={motion} Auto-indent

##buffer management command | description ------------- | ------------- <C-^> or <C-6> | Switch to the buffer you just left

##split windows command | description ------------- | ------------- <C-w>s or :sp[lit] <file>| Split file horizontally. <C-w>v or :vsp[lit] <file>| Split file vertically
<C-w>w | cycle between open windows
<C-w>h | focus the window to the left
<C-w>j | focus the window below
<C-w>k | focus the window above
<C-w>l | focus the window to the right
:cl[ose] <C-w>c | close the active window
:on[ly] <C-w>o | keep only the active window, closing all others

##spelling command | description ------------- | ------------- ]s | Jump to next spelling error
[s | Jump to previous spelling error
z= | Suggest corrections for current word
zg | Add the current word to spell file
zw | Remove the current word from spell file

##code folding command | description ------------- | ------------- zf{motion} | folds code when "foldmethod" set to manual or "marker"
za| toggle fold at cursor zo| opens fold at cursor zc| close fold at cursor zR| open all zM| close all

##search and replace command | description ------------- | ------------- :args **/*.txt | Multi-file Step 1) populate the argument list with the files you want to search :argdo %s/search/replace/gc | Mult-file Step 2) replace all occurrences of search with replace but prompt before doing so

  • |search for the word under the cursor

##jumps command | description ------------- | ------------- :jumps | display the jump list <C-o> |jump backwards through the jump list <C-i> |jump forwards through the jump list :changes | display the change list g; |jump backwards through the changes list g, |jump forwards through the changes list gf |jump to the file name under the cursor

##changes command | description ------------- | ------------- :changes | display the change list g; |jump backwards through the changes list g, |jump forwards through the changes list gf |jump to the file name under the cursor

##marks command | description ------------- | ------------- :marks | display the marks list m<upper case> |set a file bookmark m<lower case> |set a buffer bookmark '<character> |jump to the mark ''|jump to the line in the current buffer where jumped from :delmarks <character>|delete specified mark :delmarks a-d|delete marks a through d :delmarks a,b,x,y|delete only marks a,b,x and y :delmarks!|delete all lower case marks

##registers command | description ------------- | ------------- :registers | display the register list "<lower case register>{motion} |overwrite or use contents of register "<upper case register>{motion} |append or use contents of register 0|populated with last yanked text

##macros command | description ------------- | ------------- q{register} |start recording and store it in the specified register q|stop recording {count}@{register}|execute specified macro count times

##ctags command | description ------------- | ------------- :tags |display the tags stack <C-]> | goto definition <C-t> | goto previous :ta<method> | takes you to the method definition where method definition could be a regex that produces a list :tn: | goes to next in list :tp | goes to previous in list :tf | goes to first in list :tl | goes to last in list

##quickfix window command | description ------------- | ------------- :copen | Open the quickfix window
:ccl | Close it
:cw | Open it if there are "errors", close it otherwise (some people prefer this)
:cn | Go to the next error in the window
:cnf | Go to the first error in the next file
:cc{num} | Go to the error by number

##Navigation key | move to ------------- | ------------- % |End of construct [[ |Backwards to the beginning of the current function. ][ |Forwards to the beginning of the current function. ]} |Beginning of the current block. [{ |End of the current block. }[ |Beginning of the current comment block. }] |End of the current comment block. gd |First usage of the current variable name. (Mnemonic: go to definition). gD |Go to the first global usage of the current variable name. gg |beginning of file G |end of file

##Addon References

###ctags http://ctags.sourceforge.net/ command | effect ------------- | ------------- :!ctags -R |jump to first tag that matches word under the cursor
<C-]> | Prompt user to select from multiple matches for the word under the cursor.
g<C-]> | present a list of choices if there is more than a single tag to jump to
<C-t> | like the back button for tag history
:tag <keyword> | jump to first tag that matches word under the cursor
:tjump <keyword> | Prompt user to select from multiple matches for the word under the cursor.
:pop or <C-t> | Prompt user to select from multiple matches for the word under the cursor.
:tselect | Prompt user to choose an item from the tag matchlist

###tcomment https://github.com/tomtom/tcomment_vim command | description ------------- | ------------- gc{motion} | Toggle comments (for small comments within one line the &filetype_inline style will be used, if defined)
gcc | Toggle comment for the current line
gC{motion} | Comment region
gCc | Comment the current line
<C- _ ><C- _ > | :TComment
<C- _ >b | :TCommentBlock

###vim-rails https://github.com/tpope/vim-rails command | description ------------- | ------------- :A | Alternate
:R | Related
:Rmodel | Model :Rview | View :Rcontroller | Controller :help rails-navigation | Help on this plugin.

###vim-surround https://github.com/tpope/vim-surround command | description ------------- | ------------- cs<current><new> | change old delimeter to new
ds | remove delimeters
ysiw<delimiter> | wrap current word
S<delimiter> |while in visual mode
S= | in visual mode, rails ERB tag (requires vim-rails)
S- | in visual mode, rails ERB tag (requires vim-rails)
S# | in visual mode, rails ERB tag (requires vim-rails)
<C-s>= | rails ERB tag (requires vim-rails)
<C-s>- | rails ERB tag (requires vim-rails)
<C-s># | rails ERB tag (requires vim-rails)

##miscellaneous command | description ------------- | ------------- v | enable characterwise Visual mode
V | enable linewise Visual mode
<C-v>| enable blockwise Visual mode
gv | reselect the last visual selection
o | go to other end of highlighted text
"+p | paste from system clipboard
:0,$d | delete every line in a file <C-a> | increment number <C-x> | decrement number vit | select contents inside of an HTML tag :map|List all currently define mappings :verbose map|Display where mapping was defined g/{pattern}/d|Delete every line matching pattern. v/{pattern}/d|Delete every line not matching pattern.

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