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Upgrade PostgreSQL 9.6.5 to 10.0 using Homebrew (macOS)
After automatically updating Postgres to 10.0 via Homebrew, the pg_ctl start command didn't work.
The error was "The data directory was initialized by PostgreSQL version 9.6, which is not compatible with this version 10.0."
Database files have to be updated before starting the server, here are the steps that had to be followed:
# need to have both 9.6.x and latest 10.0 installed, and keep 10.0 as default
brew unlink postgresql
brew install postgresql@9.6
brew unlink postgresql@9.6
brew link postgresql
# move 9.6.x db files to another directory
mv /usr/local/var/postgres /usr/local/var/postgres96
# init new database using 10.0
initdb /usr/local/var/postgres -E utf8
# make timezone and timezonesets directories available for 9.6.x installation
mkdir /usr/local/share/postgresql96
cp -r /usr/local/share/postgresql/timezone /usr/local/share/postgresql96
cp -r /usr/local/share/postgresql/timezonesets /usr/local/share/postgresql96
# finally the actual upgrade
# -b is the old binary dir, -B is the new binary dir
# -d is the old data dir, -D is the new data dir
pg_upgrade -b /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql@9.6/9.6.5/bin -B /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/10.0/bin -d /usr/local/var/postgres96 -D /usr/local/var/postgres
# start 10.0 to check that upgrade works
pg_ctl start -D /usr/local/var/postgres
# cleanup if upgrade was successful
brew uninstall postgresql@9.6
rm -rf /usr/local/var/postgres96
rm -rf /usr/local/share/postgresql96
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