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@spikebike
Created March 29, 2012 01:13
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TLS server and client
package main
import (
"crypto/tls"
"crypto/x509"
"fmt"
"io"
"log"
)
func main() {
cert, err := tls.LoadX509KeyPair("certs/client.pem", "certs/client.key")
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("server: loadkeys: %s", err)
}
config := tls.Config{Certificates: []tls.Certificate{cert}, InsecureSkipVerify: true}
conn, err := tls.Dial("tcp", "127.0.0.1:8000", &config)
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("client: dial: %s", err)
}
defer conn.Close()
log.Println("client: connected to: ", conn.RemoteAddr())
state := conn.ConnectionState()
for _, v := range state.PeerCertificates {
fmt.Println(x509.MarshalPKIXPublicKey(v.PublicKey))
fmt.Println(v.Subject)
}
log.Println("client: handshake: ", state.HandshakeComplete)
log.Println("client: mutual: ", state.NegotiatedProtocolIsMutual)
message := "Hello\n"
n, err := io.WriteString(conn, message)
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("client: write: %s", err)
}
log.Printf("client: wrote %q (%d bytes)", message, n)
reply := make([]byte, 256)
n, err = conn.Read(reply)
log.Printf("client: read %q (%d bytes)", string(reply[:n]), n)
log.Print("client: exiting")
}
#!/bin/bash
# call this script with an email address (valid or not).
# like:
# ./makecert.sh joe@random.com
mkdir certs
rm certs/*
echo "make server cert"
openssl req -new -nodes -x509 -out certs/server.pem -keyout certs/server.key -days 3650 -subj "/C=DE/ST=NRW/L=Earth/O=Random Company/OU=IT/CN=www.random.com/emailAddress=$1"
echo "make client cert"
openssl req -new -nodes -x509 -out certs/client.pem -keyout certs/client.key -days 3650 -subj "/C=DE/ST=NRW/L=Earth/O=Random Company/OU=IT/CN=www.random.com/emailAddress=$1"
package main
import (
"crypto/rand"
"crypto/tls"
"log"
"net"
"crypto/x509"
)
func main() {
cert, err := tls.LoadX509KeyPair("certs/server.pem", "certs/server.key")
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("server: loadkeys: %s", err)
}
config := tls.Config{Certificates: []tls.Certificate{cert}}
config.Rand = rand.Reader
service := "0.0.0.0:8000"
listener, err := tls.Listen("tcp", service, &config)
if err != nil {
log.Fatalf("server: listen: %s", err)
}
log.Print("server: listening")
for {
conn, err := listener.Accept()
if err != nil {
log.Printf("server: accept: %s", err)
break
}
defer conn.Close()
log.Printf("server: accepted from %s", conn.RemoteAddr())
tlscon, ok := conn.(*tls.Conn)
if ok {
log.Print("ok=true")
state := tlscon.ConnectionState()
for _, v := range state.PeerCertificates {
log.Print(x509.MarshalPKIXPublicKey(v.PublicKey))
}
}
go handleClient(conn)
}
}
func handleClient(conn net.Conn) {
defer conn.Close()
buf := make([]byte, 512)
for {
log.Print("server: conn: waiting")
n, err := conn.Read(buf)
if err != nil {
if err != nil {
log.Printf("server: conn: read: %s", err)
}
break
}
log.Printf("server: conn: echo %q\n", string(buf[:n]))
n, err = conn.Write(buf[:n])
n, err = conn.Write(buf[:n])
log.Printf("server: conn: wrote %d bytes", n)
if err != nil {
log.Printf("server: write: %s", err)
break
}
}
log.Println("server: conn: closed")
}
@quiznilo1
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What's with line 57 and 59 in the server code?

@mh-cbon
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mh-cbon commented May 3, 2018

You might want to remove line 30 in server.go, it will cause memory leak.

to add on this, the defer will not terminate because it is within a for loop. Indeed it is preferable to either undefer the statement, or wrap the for body loop within a func(){}() call.

What's with line 57 and 59 in the server code?

looks likes it is duplicated.

@mimoo
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mimoo commented Sep 5, 2018

you do not want to have the defer in the loop

@mkrawczuk
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In server.go, conn.Close() is called twice - in main() (line 30), and in handleClient() (line 45).

@reinkrul
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reinkrul commented May 1, 2020

I think the purpose of this snippet is also to have the server require and verify the client's certificate, which must be configured in the server's TLS config:

ClientAuth: tls.RequireAndVerifyClientCert

@FavorWen
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Thank you, it's really help!

@oermoshkin
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oermoshkin commented Nov 6, 2021

I'm using go version go1.5.1 linux/amd64 , the conversion on line 32 of server.go works but tlscon is always empty. Any ideas why?

In server.go file after the line: log.Print("ok=true"), insert

err = tlscon.Handshake()
if err != nil {
  log.Fatalf("Handshake error: %s", err)
}

@nishanths
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nishanths commented Nov 27, 2022

server.go:17: config.Rand = rand.Reader is not necessary from go1.19 or later at least (and likely not necessary in earlier go versions either). Note that the documentation for tls.Config.Rand says:

If Rand is nil, TLS uses the cryptographic random reader in package crypto/rand.

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