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Basic Pong HTML and JavaScript Game

Basic Pong HTML and JavaScript Game

This is a basic implementation of the Atari Pong game, but it's missing a few things intentionally and they're left as further exploration for the reader.

Further Exploration

  • Score
    • When a ball goes past a paddle, the other player should score a point. Use context.fillText() to display the score to the screen
  • Mobile and touchscreen support
  • Ball trajectory
    • The ball should change trajectory based on where it hit the paddle. For example, if it hit the topmost part of the paddle it should have a sharp angle upward, whereas if it hit the direct middle of the paddle it should move completely flat towards the other payer.

Important note: I will answer questions about the code but will not add more features or answer questions about adding more features. This series is meant to give a basic outline of the game but nothing more.

License

(CC0 1.0 Universal) You're free to use this game and code in any project, personal or commercial. There's no need to ask permission before using these. Giving attribution is not required, but appreciated.

Other Basic Games

Support

Basic HTML Games are made possible by users like you. When you become a Patron, you get access to behind the scenes development logs, the ability to vote on which games I work on next, and early access to the next Basic HTML Game.

Top Patrons

  • Karar Al-Remahy
  • UnbrandedTech
  • Innkeeper Games
  • Nezteb
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Basic Pong HTML Game</title>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<style>
html, body {
height: 100%;
margin: 0;
}
body {
background: black;
display: flex;
align-items: center;
justify-content: center;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<canvas width="750" height="585" id="game"></canvas>
<script>
const canvas = document.getElementById('game');
const context = canvas.getContext('2d');
const grid = 15;
const paddleHeight = grid * 5; // 80
const maxPaddleY = canvas.height - grid - paddleHeight;
var paddleSpeed = 6;
var ballSpeed = 5;
const leftPaddle = {
// start in the middle of the game on the left side
x: grid * 2,
y: canvas.height / 2 - paddleHeight / 2,
width: grid,
height: paddleHeight,
// paddle velocity
dy: 0
};
const rightPaddle = {
// start in the middle of the game on the right side
x: canvas.width - grid * 3,
y: canvas.height / 2 - paddleHeight / 2,
width: grid,
height: paddleHeight,
// paddle velocity
dy: 0
};
const ball = {
// start in the middle of the game
x: canvas.width / 2,
y: canvas.height / 2,
width: grid,
height: grid,
// keep track of when need to reset the ball position
resetting: false,
// ball velocity (start going to the top-right corner)
dx: ballSpeed,
dy: -ballSpeed
};
// check for collision between two objects using axis-aligned bounding box (AABB)
// @see https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Games/Techniques/2D_collision_detection
function collides(obj1, obj2) {
return obj1.x < obj2.x + obj2.width &&
obj1.x + obj1.width > obj2.x &&
obj1.y < obj2.y + obj2.height &&
obj1.y + obj1.height > obj2.y;
}
// game loop
function loop() {
requestAnimationFrame(loop);
context.clearRect(0,0,canvas.width,canvas.height);
// move paddles by their velocity
leftPaddle.y += leftPaddle.dy;
rightPaddle.y += rightPaddle.dy;
// prevent paddles from going through walls
if (leftPaddle.y < grid) {
leftPaddle.y = grid;
}
else if (leftPaddle.y > maxPaddleY) {
leftPaddle.y = maxPaddleY;
}
if (rightPaddle.y < grid) {
rightPaddle.y = grid;
}
else if (rightPaddle.y > maxPaddleY) {
rightPaddle.y = maxPaddleY;
}
// draw paddles
context.fillStyle = 'white';
context.fillRect(leftPaddle.x, leftPaddle.y, leftPaddle.width, leftPaddle.height);
context.fillRect(rightPaddle.x, rightPaddle.y, rightPaddle.width, rightPaddle.height);
// move ball by its velocity
ball.x += ball.dx;
ball.y += ball.dy;
// prevent ball from going through walls by changing its velocity
if (ball.y < grid) {
ball.y = grid;
ball.dy *= -1;
}
else if (ball.y + grid > canvas.height - grid) {
ball.y = canvas.height - grid * 2;
ball.dy *= -1;
}
// reset ball if it goes past paddle (but only if we haven't already done so)
if ( (ball.x < 0 || ball.x > canvas.width) && !ball.resetting) {
ball.resetting = true;
// give some time for the player to recover before launching the ball again
setTimeout(() => {
ball.resetting = false;
ball.x = canvas.width / 2;
ball.y = canvas.height / 2;
}, 400);
}
// check to see if ball collides with paddle. if they do change x velocity
if (collides(ball, leftPaddle)) {
ball.dx *= -1;
// move ball next to the paddle otherwise the collision will happen again
// in the next frame
ball.x = leftPaddle.x + leftPaddle.width;
}
else if (collides(ball, rightPaddle)) {
ball.dx *= -1;
// move ball next to the paddle otherwise the collision will happen again
// in the next frame
ball.x = rightPaddle.x - ball.width;
}
// draw ball
context.fillRect(ball.x, ball.y, ball.width, ball.height);
// draw walls
context.fillStyle = 'lightgrey';
context.fillRect(0, 0, canvas.width, grid);
context.fillRect(0, canvas.height - grid, canvas.width, canvas.height);
// draw dotted line down the middle
for (let i = grid; i < canvas.height - grid; i += grid * 2) {
context.fillRect(canvas.width / 2 - grid / 2, i, grid, grid);
}
}
// listen to keyboard events to move the paddles
document.addEventListener('keydown', function(e) {
// up arrow key
if (e.which === 38) {
rightPaddle.dy = -paddleSpeed;
}
// down arrow key
else if (e.which === 40) {
rightPaddle.dy = paddleSpeed;
}
// w key
if (e.which === 87) {
leftPaddle.dy = -paddleSpeed;
}
// a key
else if (e.which === 83) {
leftPaddle.dy = paddleSpeed;
}
});
// listen to keyboard events to stop the paddle if key is released
document.addEventListener('keyup', function(e) {
if (e.which === 38 || e.which === 40) {
rightPaddle.dy = 0;
}
if (e.which === 83 || e.which === 87) {
leftPaddle.dy = 0;
}
});
// start the game
requestAnimationFrame(loop);
</script>
</body>
</html>
@max1444
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max1444 commented Mar 31, 2022

how would i make the left paddle follow the ball so i would be able to play with myself controlling the right?

yea could you make an ai doing this becuase i put this on a my website and alot of people are asking me to make an ai and ive only been coding for 1 year so i dont know how to make an ai

@codejaaa
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to cool

@zinoobux
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ty so cool and full function

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