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@tanaikech
Last active January 24, 2023 12:01
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Open Site with New Window using Google Apps Script

Open Site with New Window using Google Apps Script

This is a sample script for opening a site with new window using Google Apps Script. It is possible to open the site inside the opened dialog box using iframe. But in my situation, I had to open the site as new window. So I created this. As a sample application, it can think of like this. When the special keyword was inputted, open sites and files in Google Drive as a help window. In this case, the trigger installed onEdit() is required to be used. I think that there are some other applications.

Demo :

Sample script :

function myFunction() {
  var js = " \
    <script> \
      window.open('https://tanaikech.github.io/', '_blank', 'width=800, height=600'); \
      google.script.host.close(); \
    </script> \
  ";
  var html = HtmlService.createHtmlOutput(js)
    .setHeight(10)
    .setWidth(100);
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi().showModalDialog(html, 'Now loading.'); // If you use this on Spreadsheet
//  DocumentApp.getUi().showModalDialog(html, 'Now loading.'); //  If you use this on Document
//  SlidesApp.getUi().showModalDialog(html, 'Now loading.'); //  If you use this on Slides
}

Note :

  • This sample script uses getUi().showModalDialog(). So you can also use this script at not only Spreadsheet, but also Document and Slides.
    • For Spreadsheet
      • SpreadsheetApp.getUi().showModalDialog(html, 'Now loading.');
      • SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet().show(html);
    • For Document
      • DocumentApp.getUi().showModalDialog(html, 'Now loading.');
    • For Slides
      • SlidesApp.getUi().showModalDialog(html, 'Now loading.');
  • When you use this, please be careful for X-Frame-Options:SAMEORIGIN.
@raschmitt
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Is it possible to use this piece of code without the dialog box?

@tanaikech
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Author

For example, is it a sidebar?

@raschmitt
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raschmitt commented Apr 2, 2019

@tanaikech Opening the link on a new tab after clicking on a custom menu item on Google Documents, straight, without the dialog box message.

For example after clicking this button for opening the link:

buttom

And opening it on a new tab without this dialog box appearing:

image

@tanaikech
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Thank you for replying. I could understand about the result you want. Unfortunately, the custom menu cannot run Javascript. So in the current stage, that cannot be achieved yet. I apologize for this situation.

@raschmitt
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Thank you for replying. I could understand about the result you want. Unfortunately, the custom menu cannot run Javascript. So in the current stage, that cannot be achieved yet. I apologize for this situation.

Seems like I will have to wait for future implementations, still by now your code is a nice way to work around it somehow.

@tanaikech
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Thank you for your reply.

@JacobSSagi
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@tanaikech I've benefited greatly from many of your posts - thank you. Concerning this particular one, when implementing this script I get a request for verification (the usual "Google hasn’t verified this app" message). This will limit the usability of this feature. I've tried playing with the scopes, with preambles like @NotOnlyCurrentDoc, and have yet to find a way to de-escalate the authentication issue. It seems silly that I can place a live link directly in a sheet cell without requiring verification but I can't do the same within a script-driven message. Is there a workaround?

@rajatha-imandev
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@tanaikech While implemeting the same, How to capture the postmessage from the recently opened 3rd party URL
Here is what I have tried,
Could you please let me know where I am going wrong?
function openNewTab() {
var url = ‘third party URL’;
var js = "
<script>
var windowRef = window.open('" + url +"');
console.log(windowRef );
window.addEventListener('message', handleMessage, false);
function handleMessage(e) {
console.log(e);
windowRef.top.window.close();
}
console.log('Window ref');
</script>
var html = HtmlService.createHtmlOutput(js)
.setHeight(10)
.setWidth(100);
DocumentApp.getUi().showModalDialog(html, 'Now loading.');
}

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