Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

Show Gist options
  • Save tiagofreire-pt/4920be8d03a3dfa8201c6afedd00305e to your computer and use it in GitHub Desktop.
Save tiagofreire-pt/4920be8d03a3dfa8201c6afedd00305e to your computer and use it in GitHub Desktop.
Self Signed Certificate with Custom Root CA for Home Assistant

Create Root Certificate Authority and self-signed certificate for your Home Assistant. Compatible with Chrome browser > version 58, including the macOS Catalina 10.15 / iOS 13 (and above) new requirements.

Create Root Key

Attention: this is the key used to sign the certificate requests, anyone holding this can sign certificates on your behalf. So keep it in a safe place!

openssl genrsa -des3 -out rootCA.key 4096

If you want a non password protected key just remove the -des3 option

Create and self sign the Root Certificate

openssl req -x509 -new -nodes -key rootCA.key -sha256 -days 3650 -out rootCA.pem

Use this one instead, only if you are planning to use/allow Apple devices with macOS vs 10.15 / iOS 13 (or above):

openssl req -x509 -new -nodes -key rootCA.key -sha256 -days 825 -out rootCA.pem

Here we used our root key to create the root certificate that needs to be distributed in all the computers that have to trust us.

Create a certificate (Done for each HA instance)

This procedure needs to be followed for each server/appliance that needs a trusted certificate from our CA

Create rootCA.csr.cnf file

# rootCA.csr.cnf
default_bits = 2048
prompt = no
default_md = sha256
distinguished_name = dn

CN = my_local_ha_domain_name_check_your_local_dhcp_or_dns_server_eg_hassio.homelan

Create v3.ext file

# v3.ext
keyUsage = digitalSignature, nonRepudiation, keyEncipherment, dataEncipherment
subjectAltName = @alt_names

DNS.1 = my_local_ha_domain_name_check_your_local_dhcp_or_dns_server_eg_hassio.homelan
IP.1 = my_local_ha_ip_address_check_your_local_dhcp_or_dns_server_eg_192.168.1.22

Create the certificate key

openssl req -new -sha256 -nodes -out hassio.csr -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout hassio.key -config <( cat rootCA.csr.cnf )

Exclusively on Windows OS: Pay attention to the rootCA.csr.cnf file path after the -config. Follow this example, changing it accordingly:

openssl req -new -sha256 -nodes -out hassio.csr -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout hassio.key -config "C:\Program Files\Git\usr\bin\rootCA.csr.cnf"

Create the certificate itself

openssl x509 -req -in hassio.csr -CA rootCA.pem -CAkey rootCA.key -CAcreateserial -out hassio.crt -days 3650 -sha256 -extfile v3.ext

Use this one instead, only if you are planning to use/allow Apple devices with macOS vs 10.15 / iOS 13 (or above):

openssl x509 -req -in hassio.csr -CA rootCA.pem -CAkey rootCA.key -CAcreateserial -out hassio.crt -days 825 -sha256 -extfile v3.ext

Rename hassio.crt and hassio.key

Copy both hassio.crt and hassio.key, through SSH add-on or Console, to your HA /ssl/ folder and rename both accordingly:

rename hassio.crt fullchain.pem
rename hassio.key privkey.pem

Also, setup correctly both file permissions (only read and write by the file owner):

chmod 600 fullchain.pem privkey.pem

Setup your configuration.yaml file with the following:

  base_url: https://YOUR_HA_IP_ADDRESS:8123
  ssl_certificate: /ssl/fullchain.pem
  ssl_key: /ssl/privkey.pem

Setup all your HA add-ons with its SSL configuration and reboot afterwards the host of your HA instance.

Meanwhile, add the rootCA.pem file to your web browser or system wide Authority Certicates repository.


Copy link

@BlueBlueBlob, yes, is an issue. Thanks for referring it, it's important. 👍
🔴 This method can be trusted as long you don't allow any other (third-party) custom root CA installed in your android device. 🔴
Also, done properly, you could use it for a huge number of devices and hosts inside your LAN, even WWW ones (.com, .org, etc), defining them here.
Furthermore, I don't see this kind of method to be used by new HA users. Most of them may be using Let's Encrypt Home Assistant add-on, if exposing their HA instance to the WAN interface.
I made this gist mostly for HTTPS inside LANs, as the currently available add-ons for Home Assistant don't fully support this kind of setup or generate short period certificates. 😍

Does anyone here figured out how to convince a Google Home accept own custom CA?
I'm so pleased to find other people using own custom CA.
I managed to get it trusted by most of my devices but not on my Google Home.

Because of that the casting from HA does not work for me.

Trying my luck again by bumping this question(^^).
I'm sure there must be someone using Google Home and having a custom root CA in his home. :-)

Copy link

@mirceadamian: Sorry, I don't use Google Home and, hence, I cannot give you any advice.

Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment