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Simple Python Http Server with Upload - Python3 version
#!/usr/bin/env python3
"""Simple HTTP Server With Upload.
This module builds on BaseHTTPServer by implementing the standard GET
and HEAD requests in a fairly straightforward manner.
see: https://gist.github.com/UniIsland/3346170
"""
__version__ = "0.1"
__all__ = ["SimpleHTTPRequestHandler"]
__author__ = "bones7456"
__home_page__ = "http://li2z.cn/"
import os
import posixpath
import http.server
import urllib.request, urllib.parse, urllib.error
import cgi
import shutil
import mimetypes
import re
from io import BytesIO
class SimpleHTTPRequestHandler(http.server.BaseHTTPRequestHandler):
"""Simple HTTP request handler with GET/HEAD/POST commands.
This serves files from the current directory and any of its
subdirectories. The MIME type for files is determined by
calling the .guess_type() method. And can reveive file uploaded
by client.
The GET/HEAD/POST requests are identical except that the HEAD
request omits the actual contents of the file.
"""
server_version = "SimpleHTTPWithUpload/" + __version__
def do_GET(self):
"""Serve a GET request."""
f = self.send_head()
if f:
self.copyfile(f, self.wfile)
f.close()
def do_HEAD(self):
"""Serve a HEAD request."""
f = self.send_head()
if f:
f.close()
def do_POST(self):
"""Serve a POST request."""
r, info = self.deal_post_data()
print((r, info, "by: ", self.client_address))
f = BytesIO()
f.write(b'<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN">')
f.write(b"<html>\n<title>Upload Result Page</title>\n")
f.write(b"<body>\n<h2>Upload Result Page</h2>\n")
f.write(b"<hr>\n")
if r:
f.write(b"<strong>Success:</strong>")
else:
f.write(b"<strong>Failed:</strong>")
f.write(info.encode())
f.write(("<br><a href=\"%s\">back</a>" % self.headers['referer']).encode())
f.write(b"<hr><small>Powerd By: bones7456, check new version at ")
f.write(b"<a href=\"http://li2z.cn/?s=SimpleHTTPServerWithUpload\">")
f.write(b"here</a>.</small></body>\n</html>\n")
length = f.tell()
f.seek(0)
self.send_response(200)
self.send_header("Content-type", "text/html")
self.send_header("Content-Length", str(length))
self.end_headers()
if f:
self.copyfile(f, self.wfile)
f.close()
def deal_post_data(self):
content_type = self.headers['content-type']
if not content_type:
return (False, "Content-Type header doesn't contain boundary")
boundary = content_type.split("=")[1].encode()
remainbytes = int(self.headers['content-length'])
line = self.rfile.readline()
remainbytes -= len(line)
if not boundary in line:
return (False, "Content NOT begin with boundary")
line = self.rfile.readline()
remainbytes -= len(line)
fn = re.findall(r'Content-Disposition.*name="file"; filename="(.*)"', line.decode())
if not fn:
return (False, "Can't find out file name...")
path = self.translate_path(self.path)
fn = os.path.join(path, fn[0])
line = self.rfile.readline()
remainbytes -= len(line)
line = self.rfile.readline()
remainbytes -= len(line)
try:
out = open(fn, 'wb')
except IOError:
return (False, "Can't create file to write, do you have permission to write?")
preline = self.rfile.readline()
remainbytes -= len(preline)
while remainbytes > 0:
line = self.rfile.readline()
remainbytes -= len(line)
if boundary in line:
preline = preline[0:-1]
if preline.endswith(b'\r'):
preline = preline[0:-1]
out.write(preline)
out.close()
return (True, "File '%s' upload success!" % fn)
else:
out.write(preline)
preline = line
return (False, "Unexpect Ends of data.")
def send_head(self):
"""Common code for GET and HEAD commands.
This sends the response code and MIME headers.
Return value is either a file object (which has to be copied
to the outputfile by the caller unless the command was HEAD,
and must be closed by the caller under all circumstances), or
None, in which case the caller has nothing further to do.
"""
path = self.translate_path(self.path)
f = None
if os.path.isdir(path):
if not self.path.endswith('/'):
# redirect browser - doing basically what apache does
self.send_response(301)
self.send_header("Location", self.path + "/")
self.end_headers()
return None
for index in "index.html", "index.htm":
index = os.path.join(path, index)
if os.path.exists(index):
path = index
break
else:
return self.list_directory(path)
ctype = self.guess_type(path)
try:
# Always read in binary mode. Opening files in text mode may cause
# newline translations, making the actual size of the content
# transmitted *less* than the content-length!
f = open(path, 'rb')
except IOError:
self.send_error(404, "File not found")
return None
self.send_response(200)
self.send_header("Content-type", ctype)
fs = os.fstat(f.fileno())
self.send_header("Content-Length", str(fs[6]))
self.send_header("Last-Modified", self.date_time_string(fs.st_mtime))
self.end_headers()
return f
def list_directory(self, path):
"""Helper to produce a directory listing (absent index.html).
Return value is either a file object, or None (indicating an
error). In either case, the headers are sent, making the
interface the same as for send_head().
"""
try:
list = os.listdir(path)
except os.error:
self.send_error(404, "No permission to list directory")
return None
list.sort(key=lambda a: a.lower())
f = BytesIO()
displaypath = cgi.escape(urllib.parse.unquote(self.path))
f.write(b'<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 3.2 Final//EN">')
f.write(("<html>\n<title>Directory listing for %s</title>\n" % displaypath).encode())
f.write(("<body>\n<h2>Directory listing for %s</h2>\n" % displaypath).encode())
f.write(b"<hr>\n")
f.write(b"<form ENCTYPE=\"multipart/form-data\" method=\"post\">")
f.write(b"<input name=\"file\" type=\"file\"/>")
f.write(b"<input type=\"submit\" value=\"upload\"/></form>\n")
f.write(b"<hr>\n<ul>\n")
for name in list:
fullname = os.path.join(path, name)
displayname = linkname = name
# Append / for directories or @ for symbolic links
if os.path.isdir(fullname):
displayname = name + "/"
linkname = name + "/"
if os.path.islink(fullname):
displayname = name + "@"
# Note: a link to a directory displays with @ and links with /
f.write(('<li><a href="%s">%s</a>\n'
% (urllib.parse.quote(linkname), cgi.escape(displayname))).encode())
f.write(b"</ul>\n<hr>\n</body>\n</html>\n")
length = f.tell()
f.seek(0)
self.send_response(200)
self.send_header("Content-type", "text/html")
self.send_header("Content-Length", str(length))
self.end_headers()
return f
def translate_path(self, path):
"""Translate a /-separated PATH to the local filename syntax.
Components that mean special things to the local file system
(e.g. drive or directory names) are ignored. (XXX They should
probably be diagnosed.)
"""
# abandon query parameters
path = path.split('?',1)[0]
path = path.split('#',1)[0]
path = posixpath.normpath(urllib.parse.unquote(path))
words = path.split('/')
words = [_f for _f in words if _f]
path = os.getcwd()
for word in words:
drive, word = os.path.splitdrive(word)
head, word = os.path.split(word)
if word in (os.curdir, os.pardir): continue
path = os.path.join(path, word)
return path
def copyfile(self, source, outputfile):
"""Copy all data between two file objects.
The SOURCE argument is a file object open for reading
(or anything with a read() method) and the DESTINATION
argument is a file object open for writing (or
anything with a write() method).
The only reason for overriding this would be to change
the block size or perhaps to replace newlines by CRLF
-- note however that this the default server uses this
to copy binary data as well.
"""
shutil.copyfileobj(source, outputfile)
def guess_type(self, path):
"""Guess the type of a file.
Argument is a PATH (a filename).
Return value is a string of the form type/subtype,
usable for a MIME Content-type header.
The default implementation looks the file's extension
up in the table self.extensions_map, using application/octet-stream
as a default; however it would be permissible (if
slow) to look inside the data to make a better guess.
"""
base, ext = posixpath.splitext(path)
if ext in self.extensions_map:
return self.extensions_map[ext]
ext = ext.lower()
if ext in self.extensions_map:
return self.extensions_map[ext]
else:
return self.extensions_map['']
if not mimetypes.inited:
mimetypes.init() # try to read system mime.types
extensions_map = mimetypes.types_map.copy()
extensions_map.update({
'': 'application/octet-stream', # Default
'.py': 'text/plain',
'.c': 'text/plain',
'.h': 'text/plain',
})
def test(HandlerClass = SimpleHTTPRequestHandler,
ServerClass = http.server.HTTPServer):
http.server.test(HandlerClass, ServerClass)
if __name__ == '__main__':
test()
@jhawkinsatgood

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jhawkinsatgood commented Aug 9, 2015

Excellent!

@hao-lee

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hao-lee commented May 22, 2016

Very good! Thanks a lot!

@astinaam

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astinaam commented Nov 8, 2016

thanks a lot

@X-Softer

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X-Softer commented Dec 23, 2016

Super!
But it's one thing to refactor:
Code in lines 102-105 works well when 'Content-Type'-line is presented. But sometimes it may be absent.
There is the correct version for python 2: https://gist.github.com/amdei/7a83e61373a040697e48

@akhilprasad97

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akhilprasad97 commented Jun 29, 2017

I want to upload a file through my python script. How do I do it?

@yingziwu

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yingziwu commented Oct 5, 2017

Thans a lot.

@Chaitran77

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Chaitran77 commented Jul 2, 2018

maybe run with sudo?

@hell-abhi

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hell-abhi commented Sep 25, 2018

How to use it for custom ip address and port?

@foreverpersist

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foreverpersist commented Nov 4, 2018

Insert f.write(b'<meta charset="utf-8">') at line 63 and line 189 for Chinese filename.
Replace line 101 with fn = os.path.join(path, os.path.basename(fn[0])).
Insert while os.path.exists(fn): fn += '_' to avoid overwriting at line 102.

@MaxBarraclough

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MaxBarraclough commented Jun 23, 2019

Works great, thanks for porting to Python3.

It wasn't obvious to me so perhaps this will be helpful to others: it listens on TCP port 8000 (on my Windows system at least).

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