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Last active Jan 27, 2022
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#! /usr/bin/env python3.5
Fixing bluetooth stereo headphone/headset problem in ubuntu 16.04 and also debian jessie, with bluez5.
This version is adapted to work on ubuntu 16.10
Workaround for bug:
Run it with python3.5 or higher after pairing/connecting the bluetooth stereo headphone.
Only works with bluez5.
See ` -h` for info.
Vahid Mardani
__version__ = '0.1.0'
import sys
import re
import asyncio
import subprocess as sb
import argparse
HEX_PATTERN = '[0-9A-F]'
class SubprocessError(Exception):
class BluetoothctlProtocol(asyncio.SubprocessProtocol):
def __init__(self, exit_future, echo=True):
self.exit_future = exit_future
self.transport = None
self.output = None
self.echo = echo
def listen_output(self):
self.output = ''
def not_listen_output(self):
self.output = None
def pipe_data_received(self, fd, raw):
d = raw.decode()
if self.echo:
print(d, end='')
if self.output is not None:
self.output += d
def process_exited(self):
def connection_made(self, transport):
self.transport = transport
print('Connection MADE')
async def send_command(self, c):
stdin_transport = self.transport.get_pipe_transport(0)
stdin_transport._pipe.write(('%s\n' % c).encode())
async def search_in_output(self, expression, fail_expression=None):
if self.output is None:
return None
for l in self.output.splitlines():
if fail_expression and, l, re.IGNORECASE):
raise SubprocessError('Expression "%s" failed with fail pattern: "%s"' % (l, fail_expression))
if, l, re.IGNORECASE):
return True
async def send_and_wait(self, cmd, wait_expression, fail_expression='fail'):
await self.send_command(cmd)
while not await self.search_in_output(wait_expression.lower(), fail_expression=fail_expression):
await asyncio.sleep(.3)
async def disconnect(self, mac):
await self.send_and_wait('disconnect %s' % ':'.join(mac), 'Successful disconnected')
async def connect(self, mac):
await self.send_and_wait('connect %s' % ':'.join(mac), 'Connection successful')
async def trust(self, mac):
await self.send_and_wait('trust %s' % ':'.join(mac), 'trust succeeded')
async def quit(self):
await self.send_command('quit')
async def list_devices(self):
result = []
await self.send_command('devices')
await asyncio.sleep(1)
for l in self.output.splitlines():
m = re.match(r'^.*Device\s(?P<mac>[:A-F0-9]{17})\s(?P<name>.*)', l)
if m:
return result
async def list_controllers(self):
result = []
await self.send_command('list')
await asyncio.sleep(1)
for l in self.output.splitlines():
m = re.match(r'^.*Controller\s(?P<mac>[:A-F0-9]{17})\s(?P<name>.*)', l)
if m:
return result
async def select_device(self):
devices = await self.list_devices()
count = len(devices)
if count < 1:
raise SubprocessError('There is no connected device.')
elif count == 1:
return devices[0]
for i, d in enumerate(devices):
print('%d. %s %s' % (i+1, d[0], d[1]))
print('Select device[1]:')
selected = input()
return devices[int(selected) - 1]
async def execute_command(cmd):
p = await asyncio.create_subprocess_shell(cmd, stdout=sb.PIPE, stderr=sb.PIPE)
stdout, stderr = await p.communicate()
stdout, stderr = \
stdout.decode() if stdout is not None else '', \
stderr.decode() if stderr is not None else ''
if p.returncode != 0 or stderr.strip() != '':
raise SubprocessError('Command: %s failed with status: %s\nstderr: %s' % (cmd, p.returncode, stderr))
return stdout
async def execute_find(cmd, pattern):
stdout = await execute_command(cmd)
match =, stdout)
if match:
return match
async def find_dev_id(mac, tries=12):
async def fetch():
return await execute_find(
'pactl list cards short',
'bluez_card.%s' % '_'.join(mac))
result = await fetch()
while tries > 0 and result is None:
await asyncio.sleep(.5)
tries -= 1
print('Cannot get device id, retrying %d more times.' % (tries+1))
result = await fetch()
return result
async def find_sink(mac, tries=12):
async def fetch():
return await execute_find(
'pacmd list-sinks', 'bluez_sink.%s' % '_'.join(mac))
result = await fetch()
while tries > 0 and result is None:
await asyncio.sleep(.5)
tries -= 1
print('Cannot find any sink, retrying %d more times.' % (tries+1))
result = await fetch()
return result
async def set_profile(device_id, profile='a2dp_sink'):
return await execute_command('pactl set-card-profile %s %s' % (device_id, profile))
async def set_default_sink(sink):
return await execute_command('pacmd set-default-sink %s' % sink)
async def main(args):
mac = args.mac
exit_future = asyncio.Future()
transport, protocol = await loop.subprocess_exec(
lambda: BluetoothctlProtocol(exit_future, echo=args.echo), 'bluetoothctl'
if mac is None:
print('Selecting device:')
mac, device_name = await protocol.select_device()
mac = mac.split(':' if ':' in mac else '_')
print('Device MAC: %s' % ':'.join(mac))
device_id = await find_dev_id(mac, tries=5)
if device_id is None:
await protocol.connect(mac)
device_id = await find_dev_id(mac)
sink = await find_sink(mac)
if sink is None:
await set_profile(device_id)
sink = await find_sink(mac)
print('Device ID: %s' % device_id)
print('Sink: %s' % sink)
print('Turning off audio profile.')
await set_profile(device_id, profile='off')
print('Disconnecting the device.')
await protocol.disconnect(mac)
print('Connecting again.')
await protocol.connect(mac)
print('Setting A2DP profile')
device_id = await find_dev_id(mac)
print('Device ID: %s' % device_id)
await set_profile(device_id)
print('Updating default sink')
await set_default_sink(sink)
except SubprocessError as ex:
return 1
print('Exiting bluetoothctl')
await protocol.quit()
await exit_future
# Close the stdout pipe
if __name__ == '__main__':
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(prog=sys.argv[0])
parser.add_argument('-e', '--echo', action='store_true', default=False)
parser.add_argument('mac', nargs='?', default=None)
args = parser.parse_args()
loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()
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