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Big list of http static server one-liners

Each of these commands will run an ad hoc http static server in your current (or specified) directory, available at http://localhost:8000. Use this power wisely.

Discussion on reddit.

Python 2.x

$ python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8000

Python 3.x

$ python -m http.server 8000

Twisted (Python)

$ twistd -n web -p 8000 --path .

Or:

$ python -c 'from twisted.web.server import Site; from twisted.web.static import File; from twisted.internet import reactor; reactor.listenTCP(8000, Site(File("."))); reactor.run()'

Depends on Twisted.

Ruby

$ ruby -rwebrick -e'WEBrick::HTTPServer.new(:Port => 8000, :DocumentRoot => Dir.pwd).start'

Credit: Barking Iguana

Ruby 1.9.2+

$ ruby -run -ehttpd . -p8000

Credit: nobu

adsf (Ruby)

$ gem install adsf   # install dependency
$ adsf -p 8000

Credit: twome

No directory listings.

Sinatra (Ruby)

$ gem install sinatra   # install dependency
$ ruby -rsinatra -e'set :public_folder, "."; set :port, 8000'

No directory listings.

Perl

$ cpan HTTP::Server::Brick   # install dependency
$ perl -MHTTP::Server::Brick -e '$s=HTTP::Server::Brick->new(port=>8000); $s->mount("/"=>{path=>"."}); $s->start'

Credit: Anonymous Monk

Plack (Perl)

$ cpan Plack   # install dependency
$ plackup -MPlack::App::Directory -e 'Plack::App::Directory->new(root=>".");' -p 8000

Credit: miyagawa

Mojolicious (Perl)

$ cpan Mojolicious::Lite   # install dependency
$ perl -MMojolicious::Lite -MCwd -e 'app->static->paths->[0]=getcwd; app->start' daemon -l http://*:8000

No directory listings.

http-server (Node.js)

$ npm install -g http-server   # install dependency
$ http-server -p 8000

Note: This server does funky things with relative paths. For example, if you have a file /tests/index.html, it will load index.html if you go to /test, but will treat relative paths as if they were coming from /.

node-static (Node.js)

$ npm install -g node-static   # install dependency
$ static -p 8000

No directory listings.

PHP (>= 5.4)

$ php -S 127.0.0.1:8000

Credit: /u/prawnsalad and MattLicense

No directory listings.

Erlang

$ erl -s inets -eval 'inets:start(httpd,[{server_name,"NAME"},{document_root, "."},{server_root, "."},{port, 8000},{mime_types,[{"html","text/html"},{"htm","text/html"},{"js","text/javascript"},{"css","text/css"},{"gif","image/gif"},{"jpg","image/jpeg"},{"jpeg","image/jpeg"},{"png","image/png"}]}]).'

Credit: nivertech (with the addition of some basic mime types)

No directory listings.

busybox httpd

$ busybox httpd -f -p 8000

Credit: lvm

webfs

$ webfsd -F -p 8000

Depends on webfs.

IIS Express

C:\> "C:\Program Files (x86)\IIS Express\iisexpress.exe" /path:C:\MyWeb /port:8000

Depends on IIS Express.

Credit: /u/fjantomen

No directory listings. /path must be an absolute path.

Meta

If you have any suggestions, drop them in the comments below or on the reddit discussion. To get on this list, a solution must:

  1. serve static files using your current directory (or a specified directory) as the server root,
  2. be able to be run with a single, one line command (dependencies are fine if they're a one-time thing),
  3. serve basic file types (html, css, js, images) with proper mime types,
  4. require no configuration (from files or otherwise) beyond the command itself (no framework-specific servers, etc)
  5. must run, or have a mode where it can run, in the foreground (i.e. no daemons)
@wtarreau
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is there any command that work on fresh installation of linux system? (no need to install additional package)

Well, in this case on x86 you can use some asm servers such as https://github.com/margaretbloom/nash-f/ and just emit their tiny code like this:

base64 -d <<< "H52Qf4owMRKgIICDCBEKADAAQACEYAARQEAjocWDFUE4BIDC4sODYCBKRBBxIiGEJw8eQAjhosuDagyoCaBGQIxtswKg84FQDQQ04EZCmSUA3Yuef67MIoCuRE8AagAoLYAuA0IoiYbFAAaLQC5fI2NIkyWiGaAtsAyYXbdtKywzjZiQIGB2EZ+5wggAQEKFCpQXMVzAACEDxuAnSxooUMwDTQwfSMqwYfMmBI8Xjn0sFAEG" | gzip -cd > httpd ; chmod 755 httpd; ./httpd

Nothing to install except making sure to have base64 and gzip. Or if you really want to have nothing but chmod, you can do that:

echo -ne '\x7fELF\x01\x01\x01\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\x02\0\x03\0\x01\0\0\0\x60\x80\x04\x08\x34\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\x34\0\x20\0\x01\0\x28\0\0\0\0\0\x01\0\0\0\x60\0\0\0\x60\x80\x04\x08\x60\x80\x04\x08\x84\0\0\0\x84\0\0\0\x07\0\0\0\x10\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\x6a\x06\x6a\x01\x6a\x02\x31\xdb\xb3\x01\xe8\x3e\0\0\0\x6a\x10\x68\xe0\x80\x04\x08\x50\xb3\x02\xe8\x2f\0\0\0\x6a\x7f\x57\xb3\x04\xe8\x25\0\0\0\x6a\0\x6a\0\x57\xb3\x05\xe8\x19\0\0\0\x50\x89\xc3\x31\xc0\xb0\x04\xb9\xbe\x80\x04\x08\x31\xd2\xb2\x22\xcd\x80\x5b\xb0\x06\xcd\x80\xeb\xdb\x31\xc0\xb0\x66\x8d\x4c\x24\x04\xcd\x80\x8b\x7c\x24\x04\xc2\x04\0HTTP/1.0 200 OK\r\n\r\n<h1>Hello!</h1>\x02\0\x22\x60' > httpd; chmod 755 httpd; ./httpd

With some training, you could even learn it to send it only from memory, that could be fun.

@mieszko4
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mieszko4 commented Feb 25, 2024

Well, in this case on x86 you can use some asm servers such as https://github.com/margaretbloom/nash-f/ and just emit their tiny code like this:

🚀

@RealYukiSan
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Thanks for the tips @wtarreau @nilslindemann !

With some training, you could even learn it to send it only from memory, that could be fun.

What do you mean by 'send it only from memory'? did you mean execute the instruction without store it to file?

@wtarreau
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I mean memorize it entirely in your head, like people remember Pi, so that you don't have to store it anywhere. It's only 228 bytes after all :-)

@RealYukiSan
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That's sounds cool! did you wrote it by yourself? I tried to understand the code by running it on gdb, but unfortunately the file not contain any symbol :-(

@RealYukiSan
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RealYukiSan commented Feb 27, 2024

Ah, my bad. I didn't notice that you provided a reference to the source code.

@DestyNova
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crystal eval 'require "http/server"; server = HTTP::Server.new( [HTTP::LogHandler.new, HTTP::StaticFileHandler.new("./")] ); server.bind_tcp "127.0.0.1", 8080; server.listen'

That one doesn't seem to work; the downloads get interrupted every time with no stacktrace (Crystal 1.9.2).

@air3ijai
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Using Nginx docker image we can set a simple custom index page

# Run
docker run \
  --rm \
  --name nginx \
  --publish 80:80 \
  nginx \
  bash -c "echo host-a >/usr/share/nginx/html/index.html; nginx -g 'daemon off;'"
# Check
while true; do curl localhost; sleep 1; done
host-a
host-a
host-a

@mwilsoncoding
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mwilsoncoding commented Jul 5, 2024

Update for Elixir (1.17.1):

elixir --no-halt -e 'Application.start(:inets); :inets.start(:httpd, port: 8000, server_root: ~c".", document_root: ~c"./doc", server_name: ~c"localhost", mime_types: [{~c"html",~c"text/html"},{~c"htm",~c"text/html"},{~c"js",~c"text/javascript"},{~c"css",~c"text/css"},{~c"gif",~c"image/gif"},{~c"jpg",~c"image/jpeg"},{~c"jpeg",~c"image/jpeg"},{~c"png",~c"image/png"}])'

This example uses the doc directory for a quick way to locally host/view docs generated with ExDoc.

Here's the more readable version of the string being eval'd, shown as an iex session:

iex(1)> Application.start(:inets)
:ok
iex(2)> :inets.start(:httpd,
...(2)>   port: 8000,
...(2)>   server_root: ~c".",
...(2)>   document_root: ~c"./doc",
...(2)>   server_name: ~c"localhost",
...(2)>   mime_types: [
...(2)>     {~c"html", ~c"text/html"},
...(2)>     {~c"htm", ~c"text/html"},
...(2)>     {~c"js", ~c"text/javascript"},
...(2)>     {~c"css", ~c"text/css"},
...(2)>     {~c"gif", ~c"image/gif"},
...(2)>     {~c"jpg", ~c"image/jpeg"},
...(2)>     {~c"jpeg", ~c"image/jpeg"},
...(2)>     {~c"png", ~c"image/png"}
...(2)>   ]
...(2)> )
{:ok, #PID<0.118.0>}

^ woops- just found this

It's not technically a one-liner, but my use-case is better solved with:

mix do hex.docs fetch + docs && cp -r doc "${HEX_HOME}/docs/hexpm/${OTP_APP}/${OTP_APP_VERSION}" && mix hex.docs offline "${OTP_APP}"

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