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Big list of http static server one-liners

Each of these commands will run an ad hoc http static server in your current (or specified) directory, available at http://localhost:8000. Use this power wisely.

Discussion on reddit.

Python 2.x

$ python -m SimpleHTTPServer 8000

Python 3.x

$ python -m http.server 8000

Twisted (Python)

$ twistd -n web -p 8000 --path .


$ python -c 'from twisted.web.server import Site; from twisted.web.static import File; from twisted.internet import reactor; reactor.listenTCP(8000, Site(File(".")));'

Depends on Twisted.


$ ruby -rwebrick -e' => 8000, :DocumentRoot => Dir.pwd).start'

Credit: Barking Iguana

Ruby 1.9.2+

$ ruby -run -ehttpd . -p8000

Credit: nobu

adsf (Ruby)

$ gem install adsf   # install dependency
$ adsf -p 8000

Credit: twome

No directory listings.

Sinatra (Ruby)

$ gem install sinatra   # install dependency
$ ruby -rsinatra -e'set :public_folder, "."; set :port, 8000'

No directory listings.


$ cpan HTTP::Server::Brick   # install dependency
$ perl -MHTTP::Server::Brick -e '$s=HTTP::Server::Brick->new(port=>8000); $s->mount("/"=>{path=>"."}); $s->start'

Credit: Anonymous Monk

Plack (Perl)

$ cpan Plack   # install dependency
$ plackup -MPlack::App::Directory -e 'Plack::App::Directory->new(root=>".");' -p 8000

Credit: miyagawa

Mojolicious (Perl)

$ cpan Mojolicious::Lite   # install dependency
$ perl -MMojolicious::Lite -MCwd -e 'app->static->paths->[0]=getcwd; app->start' daemon -l http://*:8000

No directory listings.

http-server (Node.js)

$ npm install -g http-server   # install dependency
$ http-server -p 8000

Note: This server does funky things with relative paths. For example, if you have a file /tests/index.html, it will load index.html if you go to /test, but will treat relative paths as if they were coming from /.

node-static (Node.js)

$ npm install -g node-static   # install dependency
$ static -p 8000

No directory listings.

PHP (>= 5.4)

$ php -S

Credit: /u/prawnsalad and MattLicense

No directory listings.


$ erl -s inets -eval 'inets:start(httpd,[{server_name,"NAME"},{document_root, "."},{server_root, "."},{port, 8000},{mime_types,[{"html","text/html"},{"htm","text/html"},{"js","text/javascript"},{"css","text/css"},{"gif","image/gif"},{"jpg","image/jpeg"},{"jpeg","image/jpeg"},{"png","image/png"}]}]).'

Credit: nivertech (with the addition of some basic mime types)

No directory listings.

busybox httpd

$ busybox httpd -f -p 8000

Credit: lvm


$ webfsd -F -p 8000

Depends on webfs.

IIS Express

C:\> "C:\Program Files (x86)\IIS Express\iisexpress.exe" /path:C:\MyWeb /port:8000

Depends on IIS Express.

Credit: /u/fjantomen

No directory listings. /path must be an absolute path.


If you have any suggestions, drop them in the comments below or on the reddit discussion. To get on this list, a solution must:

  1. serve static files using your current directory (or a specified directory) as the server root,
  2. be able to be run with a single, one line command (dependencies are fine if they're a one-time thing),
  3. serve basic file types (html, css, js, images) with proper mime types,
  4. require no configuration (from files or otherwise) beyond the command itself (no framework-specific servers, etc)
  5. must run, or have a mode where it can run, in the foreground (i.e. no daemons)
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nahteb commented Mar 30, 2022

In Java 18:

jwebserver -p 8080

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When running in docker compose along with nominatim-docker

FROM nginx:1.21-alpine

RUN wget &&\
    tar -xvf nominatim-ui-3.2.4.tar.gz --strip-components=1 &&\
    cp -r dist/* /usr/share/nginx/html/ &&\
    sed -i 's/http:\/\/localhost\/nominatim\//http:\/\/nominatim:8080\//g' /usr/share/nginx/html/config.defaults.js


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georgefst commented May 26, 2022

Haskell, with just Cabal:

echo 'WaiAppStatic.CmdLine.runCommandLine (const id)' | cabal repl -b wai-app-static

It's a bit verbose, but on the plus side you're in a REPL, so it's easy to modify things.

Prompted by a question on Reddit.

Nix alternative

Faster reloads, but relies on my repo, which may not be ideal if one would prefer something more centralised.

nix run github:georgefst/nix-haskell-static-http

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dkorpel commented Aug 7, 2022

D, with package 'serve':

dub run serve
dub run serve -- path/to/index.html

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tblaisot commented Sep 9, 2022

for SPA static workload and without dependencies:
npx servor <root> <fallback> <port>

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x-yuri commented Sep 16, 2022

Failed to install HTTP::Server::Brick in an Alpine container:

Unimplemented: POSIX::tmpnam(): use File::Temp instead at t/serving.t line 87.

And it might be abandoned.

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SBoteroP commented Jan 8, 2023

Anyone know how to do it with elixir?

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krackers commented Jan 9, 2023

Another option in go is goshs

For the Go equivalent you could use http.FileServer like . Can also do tls just by changing to ListenAndServeTLS

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mLuby commented Feb 1, 2023

Submitted for your approval, a NodeJS solution in 123 chars. ⛳


Run it in bash to serve files relative to that directory, and also any file on your computer if given an absolute path. 😱

node -e 'r=require;r("http").createServer((i,o)=>r("stream").pipeline(r("fs").createReadStream(i.url.slice(1)),o,e=>console.log(i.url,e))).listen(8080)'

I prefer the 153-char version that logs out each file request and doesn't serve outside the command's directory. 🪵


Here's that one-liner unobfuscated, deminimized, and explained. 🧑‍🏫

require("http").createServer((request, response) => {
  require("stream").pipeline( // Pipes from each stream to the next ending in a callback to handle errors
    require("fs").createReadStream( // Reads the file at the specified path.
      require("path").join(".", request.url) // Forces the file path to start with this directory,
    ),                                       // so no absolute paths or ../ing upward.
    response, // This is a writable stream so the file read stream pipes into the server response stream.
    (error, value) => { console.log(request.url, error); } // This callback handles the error & we use it
  )                                                        // here to log the filepath.
).listen(8080); // Actually starts the server listening on this port.


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renich commented Feb 11, 2023

Here's a crystal oneliner:

crystal eval 'require "http/server"; server = [,"./")] ); server.bind_tcp "", 8080; server.listen'


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python3 -m http.server -d web 8000

for when you want to host a specific directory in one line

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go run


echo 'package main; import ("net/http"); func main() {fs := http.FileServer(http.Dir(".")); http.Handle("/", fs); println("Listening on http://localhost:8000"); http.ListenAndServe(":8000", nil)}' > main.go; go run main.go; rm main.go

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radiosilence commented Sep 16, 2023 via email

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Limiting request to a certain interface (eg.: do not allow request from the network)

python -m http.server --bind

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Ruby 3.0+ does not include webrick by default, you will have to gem install webrick before you can use any of the Ruby one-liners

The following libraries are no longer bundled gems or standard libraries. Install the corresponding gems to use these features.

  • sdbm
  • webrick
  • net-telnet
  • xmlrpc

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sancarn commented Oct 5, 2023

@danini-the-panini is there no web server replacement in the standard library?

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@sancarn unfortunately not. you can see what's in the standard library of each Ruby version here:
net-http is only a client. Since the webrick removal there is no built-in web server included with ruby.

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RealYukiSan commented Feb 24, 2024

@wtarreau says:

once most universal

not included on arch linux fresh installation

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is there any command that work on fresh installation of linux system? (no need to install additional package)

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nilslindemann commented Feb 24, 2024

@RealYukiSan on Linux Mint, Python is installed by default, so $ python -m http.server 8000 works. But Arch seems not to have Python. On Arch, You may try things like this, using netcat. Edit: But I am not sure if that is installed on Arch.

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is there any command that work on fresh installation of linux system? (no need to install additional package)

Well, in this case on x86 you can use some asm servers such as and just emit their tiny code like this:

base64 -d <<< "H52Qf4owMRKgIICDCBEKADAAQACEYAARQEAjocWDFUE4BIDC4sODYCBKRBBxIiGEJw8eQAjhosuDagyoCaBGQIxtswKg84FQDQQ04EZCmSUA3Yuef67MIoCuRE8AagAoLYAuA0IoiYbFAAaLQC5fI2NIkyWiGaAtsAyYXbdtKywzjZiQIGB2EZ+5wggAQEKFCpQXMVzAACEDxuAnSxooUMwDTQwfSMqwYfMmBI8Xjn0sFAEG" | gzip -cd > httpd ; chmod 755 httpd; ./httpd

Nothing to install except making sure to have base64 and gzip. Or if you really want to have nothing but chmod, you can do that:

echo -ne '\x7fELF\x01\x01\x01\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\x02\0\x03\0\x01\0\0\0\x60\x80\x04\x08\x34\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\x34\0\x20\0\x01\0\x28\0\0\0\0\0\x01\0\0\0\x60\0\0\0\x60\x80\x04\x08\x60\x80\x04\x08\x84\0\0\0\x84\0\0\0\x07\0\0\0\x10\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\x6a\x06\x6a\x01\x6a\x02\x31\xdb\xb3\x01\xe8\x3e\0\0\0\x6a\x10\x68\xe0\x80\x04\x08\x50\xb3\x02\xe8\x2f\0\0\0\x6a\x7f\x57\xb3\x04\xe8\x25\0\0\0\x6a\0\x6a\0\x57\xb3\x05\xe8\x19\0\0\0\x50\x89\xc3\x31\xc0\xb0\x04\xb9\xbe\x80\x04\x08\x31\xd2\xb2\x22\xcd\x80\x5b\xb0\x06\xcd\x80\xeb\xdb\x31\xc0\xb0\x66\x8d\x4c\x24\x04\xcd\x80\x8b\x7c\x24\x04\xc2\x04\0HTTP/1.0 200 OK\r\n\r\n<h1>Hello!</h1>\x02\0\x22\x60' > httpd; chmod 755 httpd; ./httpd

With some training, you could even learn it to send it only from memory, that could be fun.

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mieszko4 commented Feb 25, 2024

Well, in this case on x86 you can use some asm servers such as and just emit their tiny code like this:


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Thanks for the tips @wtarreau @nilslindemann !

With some training, you could even learn it to send it only from memory, that could be fun.

What do you mean by 'send it only from memory'? did you mean execute the instruction without store it to file?

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I mean memorize it entirely in your head, like people remember Pi, so that you don't have to store it anywhere. It's only 228 bytes after all :-)

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That's sounds cool! did you wrote it by yourself? I tried to understand the code by running it on gdb, but unfortunately the file not contain any symbol :-(

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RealYukiSan commented Feb 27, 2024

Ah, my bad. I didn't notice that you provided a reference to the source code.

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crystal eval 'require "http/server"; server = [,"./")] ); server.bind_tcp "", 8080; server.listen'

That one doesn't seem to work; the downloads get interrupted every time with no stacktrace (Crystal 1.9.2).

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Using Nginx docker image we can set a simple custom index page

# Run
docker run \
  --rm \
  --name nginx \
  --publish 80:80 \
  nginx \
  bash -c "echo host-a >/usr/share/nginx/html/index.html; nginx -g 'daemon off;'"
# Check
while true; do curl localhost; sleep 1; done

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mwilsoncoding commented Jul 5, 2024

Update for Elixir (1.17.1):

elixir --no-halt -e 'Application.start(:inets); :inets.start(:httpd, port: 8000, server_root: ~c".", document_root: ~c"./doc", server_name: ~c"localhost", mime_types: [{~c"html",~c"text/html"},{~c"htm",~c"text/html"},{~c"js",~c"text/javascript"},{~c"css",~c"text/css"},{~c"gif",~c"image/gif"},{~c"jpg",~c"image/jpeg"},{~c"jpeg",~c"image/jpeg"},{~c"png",~c"image/png"}])'

This example uses the doc directory for a quick way to locally host/view docs generated with ExDoc.

Here's the more readable version of the string being eval'd, shown as an iex session:

iex(1)> Application.start(:inets)
iex(2)> :inets.start(:httpd,
...(2)>   port: 8000,
...(2)>   server_root: ~c".",
...(2)>   document_root: ~c"./doc",
...(2)>   server_name: ~c"localhost",
...(2)>   mime_types: [
...(2)>     {~c"html", ~c"text/html"},
...(2)>     {~c"htm", ~c"text/html"},
...(2)>     {~c"js", ~c"text/javascript"},
...(2)>     {~c"css", ~c"text/css"},
...(2)>     {~c"gif", ~c"image/gif"},
...(2)>     {~c"jpg", ~c"image/jpeg"},
...(2)>     {~c"jpeg", ~c"image/jpeg"},
...(2)>     {~c"png", ~c"image/png"}
...(2)>   ]
...(2)> )
{:ok, #PID<0.118.0>}

^ woops- just found this

It's not technically a one-liner, but my use-case is better solved with:

mix do fetch + docs && cp -r doc "${HEX_HOME}/docs/hexpm/${OTP_APP}/${OTP_APP_VERSION}" && mix offline "${OTP_APP}"

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