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常用的 HTML 头部标签

常用的 HTML 头部标签

详细介绍参见原文:https://github.com/yisibl/blog/issues/1

<!DOCTYPE html> <!-- 使用 HTML5 doctype,不区分大小写 -->
<html lang="zh-cmn-Hans"> <!-- 更加标准的 lang 属性写法 http://zhi.hu/XyIa -->
<head>
    <meta charset='utf-8'> <!-- 声明文档使用的字符编码 -->
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1" /> <!-- 优先使用 IE 最新版本和 Chrome -->
    <meta name="description" content="不超过150个字符" /> <!-- 页面描述 -->
    <meta name="keywords" content=""/> <!-- 页面关键词 -->
    <meta name="author" content="name, email@gmail.com" /> <!-- 网页作者 -->
    <meta name="robots" content="index,follow" /> <!-- 搜索引擎抓取 -->
    
    <!-- 为移动设备添加 viewport -->
    <meta name ="viewport" content ="initial-scale=1, maximum-scale=3, minimum-scale=1, user-scalable=no"> <!-- `width=device-width` 会导致 iPhone 5 添加到主屏后以 WebApp 全屏模式打开页面时出现黑边 http://bigc.at/ios-webapp-viewport-meta.orz -->
    
    <!-- iOS 设备 begin -->
    <meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-title" content="标题"> <!-- 添加到主屏后的标题(iOS 6 新增) -->
    <meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-capable" content="yes" /> <!-- 是否启用 WebApp 全屏模式 -->
    <meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style" content="black-translucent" /> <!-- 设置状态栏的背景颜色,只有在 `"apple-mobile-web-app-capable" content="yes"` 时生效 -->
    <meta name="format-detection" content="telephone=no" /> <!-- 禁止数字识自动别为电话号码 -->
    <meta name="apple-itunes-app" content="app-id=myAppStoreID, affiliate-data=myAffiliateData, app-argument=myURL"> <!-- 添加智能 App 广告条 Smart App Banner(iOS 6+ Safari) -->
    
        <!-- iOS 图标 begin -->
        <link rel="apple-touch-icon-precomposed" href="/apple-touch-icon-57x57-precomposed.png" /> <!-- iPhone 和 iTouch,默认 57x57 像素,必须有 -->
        <link rel="apple-touch-icon-precomposed" sizes="114x114" href="/apple-touch-icon-114x114-precomposed.png" /> <!-- Retina iPhone 和 Retina iTouch,114x114 像素,可以没有,但推荐有 -->
        <link rel="apple-touch-icon-precomposed" sizes="144x144" href="/apple-touch-icon-144x144-precomposed.png" /> <!-- Retina iPad,144x144 像素,可以没有,但推荐有 -->
        <!-- iOS 图标 end -->
        
        <!-- iOS 启动画面 begin -->
        <link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" sizes="768x1004" href="/splash-screen-768x1004.png" /> <!-- iPad 竖屏 768 x 1004(标准分辨率) -->
        <link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" sizes="1536x2008" href="/splash-screen-1536x2008.png" /> <!-- iPad 竖屏 1536x2008(Retina) -->
        <link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" sizes="1024x748" href="/Default-Portrait-1024x748.png" /> <!-- iPad 横屏 1024x748(标准分辨率) -->
        <link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" sizes="2048x1496" href="/splash-screen-2048x1496.png" /> <!-- iPad 横屏 2048x1496(Retina) -->
        
        <link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" href="/splash-screen-320x480.png" /> <!-- iPhone/iPod Touch 竖屏 320x480 (标准分辨率) -->
        <link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" sizes="640x960" href="/splash-screen-640x960.png" /> <!-- iPhone/iPod Touch 竖屏 640x960 (Retina) -->
        <link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" sizes="640x1136" href="/splash-screen-640x1136.png" /> <!-- iPhone 5/iPod Touch 5 竖屏 640x1136 (Retina) -->
        <!-- iOS 启动画面 end -->
    
    <!-- iOS 设备 end -->
    <meta name="msapplication-TileColor" content="#000"/> <!-- Windows 8 磁贴颜色 -->
    <meta name="msapplication-TileImage" content="icon.png"/> <!-- Windows 8 磁贴图标 -->
    
    <link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="RSS" href="/rss.xml" /> <!-- 添加 RSS 订阅 -->
    <link rel="shortcut icon" type="image/ico" href="/favicon.ico" /> <!-- 添加 favicon icon -->
    
    <title>标题</title>
</head>
@spemoon

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commented Dec 16, 2013

<!-- iOS 应用启动界面设置 begin -->
<!-- iPad Landscape – 1024 x 748 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" sizes="1024x748" href="img/splash-screen-1024x748.png" />
<!-- iPad Portrait – 768 x 1004 -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" sizes="768x1004" href="img/splash-screen-768x1004.png" />
<!-- iPhone/iPod Touch Portrait – 320 x 480 (standard resolution) -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" href="img/splash-screen-320x480.png" />
<!-- iPhone/iPod Touch Portrait – 640 x 960 pixels (high-resolution) -->
<link rel="apple-touch-startup-image" sizes="640x960" href="img/splash-screen-640x960.png" />
<!-- iOS 应用启动界面设置 end -->
@yisibl

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commented Dec 17, 2013

@ spemoon 非常感谢!

@vitrum

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commented Dec 17, 2013

<meta name="apple-itunes-app" content="app-id=myAppStoreID, affiliate-data=myAffiliateData, app-argument=myURL">
<!-- iOS6 之后出现的APP推广条,用自己的APP信息替换 https://developer.apple.com/library/ios/documentation/AppleApplications/Reference/SafariWebContent/PromotingAppswithAppBanners/PromotingAppswithAppBanners.html  -->
@yisibl

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commented Dec 17, 2013

@ vitrum 非常感谢,已经有了!

@fordlee404

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commented Oct 15, 2014

<!-- `width=device-width` 会导致 iPhone 5 添加到主屏后以 WebApp 全屏模式打开页面时出现黑边 http://bigc.at/ios-webapp-viewport-meta.orz -->

这个问题已经修复了吧,目前没有发现了。

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