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Test of java SSL / keystore / cert setup. Check the comment #1 for howto.
import javax.net.ssl.SSLParameters;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocket;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
import java.io.*;
/** Establish a SSL connection to a host and port, writes a byte and
* prints the response. See
* http://confluence.atlassian.com/display/JIRA/Connecting+to+SSL+services
*/
public class SSLPoke {
public static void main(String[] args) {
if (args.length != 2) {
System.out.println("Usage: "+SSLPoke.class.getName()+" <host> <port>");
System.exit(1);
}
try {
SSLSocketFactory sslsocketfactory = (SSLSocketFactory) SSLSocketFactory.getDefault();
SSLSocket sslsocket = (SSLSocket) sslsocketfactory.createSocket(args[0], Integer.parseInt(args[1]));
SSLParameters sslparams = new SSLParameters();
sslparams.setEndpointIdentificationAlgorithm("HTTPS");
sslsocket.setSSLParameters(sslparams);
InputStream in = sslsocket.getInputStream();
OutputStream out = sslsocket.getOutputStream();
// Write a test byte to get a reaction :)
out.write(1);
while (in.available() > 0) {
System.out.print(in.read());
}
System.out.println("Successfully connected");
} catch (Exception exception) {
exception.printStackTrace();
System.exit(1);
}
}
}
@janeklb
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janeklb commented Jan 12, 2016

Make sure you run this with the right java in case you have multiple installations

@mohannmurthy
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mohannmurthy commented May 3, 2016

Works brilliantly. Thanks

@smeduru
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smeduru commented May 11, 2016

Thanks a lot. Followed your instructions. Fix worked perfectly.

@dadez
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dadez commented Nov 29, 2016

How to use it behind a proxy ?

@joerg
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joerg commented Jan 19, 2017

For those not living in the Java World here is how I compiled and used this:

  • Copy code to somewhere
  • Call Java compiler /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45/bin/javac /tmp/SSLPoke.java (use your version of Java here)
  • Call tool with ClassPath (-cp) that you copied the file to: /usr/java/jdk1.6.0_45/bin/java -cp /tmp SSLPoke my-url.com 443

@Tzaphkiel
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Tzaphkiel commented Feb 13, 2017

Very useful thanks.

A note however, instead of updating the java JRE/JDK installation's keystore, best practices dictates that you should define your own truststore (if you have company CA or application certificates for example):

# import certificate into your local TrustStore
keytool -import -trustcacerts -storepass changeit -file "./class 1 root ca.cer" -alias C1_ROOT_CA -keystore ./LocalTrustStore
# use it in JAVA:
java -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=./LocalTrustStore -jar SSLPoke.jar $HOST $PORT

@jmara
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jmara commented Feb 27, 2017

Will the default trustStore be overwritten by -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore or is the new trustStore an addition to the default one? @Tzaphkiel

@gbenmansour
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gbenmansour commented Apr 4, 2017

Thanks for sharing. When I try the negative test , I have the exception :

javax.net.ssl.SSLException: java.lang.RuntimeException: Could not generate DH keypair
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Alerts.getSSLException(Alerts.java:190)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.fatal(SSLSocketImpl.java:1747)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.fatal(SSLSocketImpl.java:1708)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.handleException(SSLSocketImpl.java:1691)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.handleException(SSLSocketImpl.java:1617)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.AppOutputStream.write(AppOutputStream.java:105)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.AppOutputStream.write(AppOutputStream.java:114)
at SSLPoke.main(SSLPoke.java:23)
Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Could not generate DH keypair
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.DHCrypt.(DHCrypt.java:114)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.ClientHandshaker.serverKeyExchange(ClientHandshaker.java:559)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.ClientHandshaker.processMessage(ClientHandshaker.java:186)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Handshaker.processLoop(Handshaker.java:593)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Handshaker.process_record(Handshaker.java:529)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.readRecord(SSLSocketImpl.java:943)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.performInitialHandshake(SSLSocketImpl.java:1188)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.SSLSocketImpl.writeRecord(SSLSocketImpl.java:654)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.AppOutputStream.write(AppOutputStream.java:100)
... 2 more
Caused by: java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException: Prime size must be multiple of 64, and can only range from 512 to 1024 (inclusive)
at com.sun.crypto.provider.DHKeyPairGenerator.initialize(DashoA13*..)
at java.security.KeyPairGenerator$Delegate.initialize(KeyPairGenerator.java:627)
at com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.DHCrypt.(DHCrypt.java:107)

Any idea why I have this ? Another thing can you tell me how I can generate a certificate file from a server ?

@kunickiaj
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kunickiaj commented Jun 29, 2017

@jmara -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore will override the default truststore (cacerts). You can copy the default one and then add your cert and set it via -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore so you don't lose the default CAs.

@msteinebach
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msteinebach commented Aug 3, 2017

Works well! Thanks

P.S. If you don't use the default keystore, you'll need to pass it and the password for the keystore into your command as arguments.

@dragon788
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dragon788 commented Oct 21, 2017

Thanks guys, these steps helped me debug why a couple of Atlassian products couldn't talk to each other. I got it working for now, but in my "ideal" world since every release of an Atlassian product includes it's own JRE, I will automate the above steps into a script to inject the "peer" applications' (hosted on other servers) certificates into only the "vendored" JRE cacerts to allow them to trust each other and this way I'm not polluting the system but I can link all the applications to each other without a bunch of warnings and failures.

@jralmaraz
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jralmaraz commented Jan 9, 2018

Thanks guys, just a +1 that is helping me debug an SSL issue on Weblogic between AdminServer and NodeManager.

Cheers!

@ReverseLogicSocial
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ReverseLogicSocial commented Mar 2, 2018

I am having trouble w.r.t local certificate.

$java SSLPoke localwc.in 443
Successfully connected

$ java SSLPoke localwc.in 8443
javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: Received fatal alert: handshake_failure
...

$ java -Dhttps.protocols=TLSv1,TLSv1.1,TLSv1.2 SSLPoke localwc.in 8443
javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: Received fatal alert: handshake_failure

$ java -Djavax.ssl.trustStore=~/Developer/apache-tomcat-8.0.26/ssl/cacerts SSLPoke localwc.in 8443
javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: Received fatal alert: handshake_failure

$ keytool -list -v -keystore ~/Developer/apache-tomcat-8.0.26/ssl/cacerts
##This shows entry for my localhost as localwc.in as


Alias name: localwc.in
Creation date: 2 Mar, 2018
Entry type: trustedCertEntry

.....


I am accessing 8443 via tomcat.
How can I overcome it?

@wtfiwtz
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wtfiwtz commented Mar 9, 2018

http://portecle.sourceforge.net/ is also a very useful tool for loading and testing the Java Trust Store database

@TiloGit
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TiloGit commented Sep 26, 2018

thanks for the tool here my example how I used it:
Compile

C:\IBM\WebSphere\AppServer\java\8.0\bin\javac C:\tools\JavaSSL\SSLPoke.java

run like

C:\IBM\WebSphere\AppServer\java\8.0\jre\bin\java -cp C:\tools\JavaSSL SSLPoke myserver.com 636

run with keystore

C:\IBM\WebSphere\AppServer\java\8.0\jre\bin\java -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=C:\IBM\WebSphere\AppServer\profiles\MyAppSrv01\config\cells\MyNode01Cell\nodes\MyNode01\trust.p12 -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=mypass123 -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStoreType=pkcs12 -cp C:\tools\JavaSSL SSLPoke myserver.com 636

Successfully connected

@simonredfern
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simonredfern commented Oct 20, 2018

Hi and Thanks! What's the license of this gist? I noticed https://github.com/MichalHecko/SSLPoke which has Apache, but you are the author?

@4ndrej
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Author

4ndrej commented Dec 17, 2018

@simonredfern: the code was shamelessly stolen from Atlassian support , there were no license in code or on the site, just code drop.
I found another link to the code https://confluence.atlassian.com/display/JIRA052/Connecting+to+SSL+services which states "Except where otherwise noted, content in this space is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia License".

@latest-release
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latest-release commented Jun 17, 2019

@yanlimin9
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yanlimin9 commented Jun 30, 2019

It did not work for me.

I always get Successfully connected msg

me too.

@stclark-incomm
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stclark-incomm commented Aug 7, 2019

I just ran across this and had a similar complaint that it isn't validating the hostname. Fortunately it's an easy fix to add SSLParamters

import javax.net.ssl.SSLParameters;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocket;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
import java.io.*;

/** Establish a SSL connection to a host and port, writes a byte and
 * prints the response. See
 * http://confluence.atlassian.com/display/JIRA/Connecting+to+SSL+services
 */
public class SSLPoke {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        if (args.length != 2) {
            System.out.println("Usage: "+SSLPoke.class.getName()+" <host> <port>");
            System.exit(1);
        }
        try {
            SSLSocketFactory sslsocketfactory = (SSLSocketFactory) SSLSocketFactory.getDefault();
            SSLSocket sslsocket = (SSLSocket) sslsocketfactory.createSocket(args[0], Integer.parseInt(args[1]));
            SSLParameters sslparams = new SSLParameters();
            sslparams.setEndpointIdentificationAlgorithm("HTTPS");
            sslsocket.setSSLParameters(sslparams);

            InputStream in = sslsocket.getInputStream();
            OutputStream out = sslsocket.getOutputStream();

            // Write a test byte to get a reaction :)
            out.write(1);

            while (in.available() > 0) {
                System.out.print(in.read());
            }
            System.out.println("Successfully connected");

        } catch (Exception exception) {
            exception.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

@4ndrej
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Author

4ndrej commented Aug 8, 2019

I just ran across this and had a similar complaint that it isn't validating the hostname. Fortunately it's an easy fix to add SSLParamters

Merged. Thanks, Steve!

@fabiang
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fabiang commented Jan 9, 2020

And System.exit(1); in catch would be fantastic as I use this within CI and rely on the return code.

@4ndrej
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Author

4ndrej commented Jan 9, 2020

And System.exit(1); in catch would be fantastic as I use this within CI and rely on the return code.

thanks for your suggestion, done.

@bric3
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bric3 commented Feb 10, 2020

@dadez Better late than never, here's an updated version from tthe original code with proxy support :

https://gist.github.com/bric3/4ac8d5184fdc80c869c70444e591d3de

@dadez
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dadez commented Feb 11, 2020

@dadez Better late than never, here's an updated version from tthe original code with proxy support :

https://gist.github.com/bric3/4ac8d5184fdc80c869c70444e591d3de

thanks

@klasen
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klasen commented May 8, 2020

I made a version that show the current setting of all known (to me) Java properties, which a relevant for TLS:
https://github.com/klasen/sslpoke

@4ndrej
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4ndrej commented Oct 5, 2021

Gives error: "Error: Could not find or load main class sslpoke" (I also tried SSLPoke on the command line)

Yeah, I don't do Java, so it looks good to me, and I want to add a --Look_in_the_dang_file to tell it to not be an idiot and look in the file for the class, it is right there, static main... I just copied the 'raw' and then pasted it into a file and ran it with java SSLPoke site.name.com 8693

Hi @traderhut,
expecting you are running this in the same folder the SSLPoke.java is it seems like you are trying to run the source code, not the compiled stuff.
So, run the compiler first:
javac SSLPoke.java
Make sure it produces SSLPoke.class file.
and then run the interpreter:
java SSLPoke site.name.com 8693

@bric3
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bric3 commented Oct 5, 2021

@traderhut Also if your Java version is at least JDK 11 you can run the file without compiling it. Just copy the content and paste it into a file name SSLPoke.java — the .java extension is important — then run it

$ java -version
openjdk version "11.0.12" 2021-07-20 LTS
OpenJDK Runtime Environment Corretto-11.0.12.7.2 (build 11.0.12+7-LTS)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM Corretto-11.0.12.7.2 (build 11.0.12+7-LTS, mixed mode)

$ java SSLPoke.java google.com 443
Successfully connected

The error you encounter is probably because you run the following command java sslpoke {site} {port}. Without the .java extension the command assumes it is a compiled class. Look at the help.

$ java --help
Usage: java [options] <mainclass> [args...]
           (to execute a class)
   or  java [options] -jar <jarfile> [args...]
           (to execute a jar file)
   or  java [options] -m <module>[/<mainclass>] [args...]
       java [options] --module <module>[/<mainclass>] [args...]
           (to execute the main class in a module)
   or  java [options] <sourcefile> [args]
           (to execute a single source-file program)

...

@traderhut
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traderhut commented Oct 5, 2021

Been a while since I looked at Java, like about a year after it came out... Thanks for the assistance, turns out I solved the problem without using this tool

@TiloGit
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TiloGit commented Feb 11, 2022

fyi, I use this with this CLI:

java -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=/path/to/store/LdapSSLKeyStore.jks -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=123 -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStoreType=jks SSLPoke myserver.local 443

#or with debug and force certain protocol
java -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStore=/path/to/store/LdapSSLKeyStore.jks -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=123 -Djavax.net.ssl.trustStoreType=jks -Djavax.net.debug=ssl:handshake:verbose -Djdk.tls.client.protocols=TLSv1 -Dhttps.protocols=TLSv1  SSLPoke myserver.local 443

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