In order to securely wipe an NVME drive you can use the
nvme-cli package that provides the
nvme only exists in the root path so you have to use
For Debian you need to add jessie-backports (on jessie) and it may be in the newer version default repos. For Ubuntu it should be available in the default repos from Xenial onwards, there may be a PPA if you need it on earlier versions.
You can find your devices with
sudo nvme list and securely format with
sudo nvme /dev/nvme0n1 --ses=1.
You can also explicitly add a namespace but I haven't seen or setup a drive with multiple yet.