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Curl bash script for getting a Google Oauth2 Access token
# Tutorial https://www.daimto.com/how-to-get-a-google-access-token-with-curl/
# YouTube video https://youtu.be/hBC_tVJIx5w
# Client id from Google Developer console
# Client Secret from Google Developer console
# Scope this is a space seprated list of the scopes of access you are requesting.
# Authorization link. Place this in a browser and copy the code that is returned after you accept the scopes.
https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?client_id=[Application Client Id]&redirect_uri=urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob&scope=[Scopes]&response_type=code
# Exchange Authorization code for an access token and a refresh token.
curl \
--request POST \
--data "code=[Authentcation code from authorization link]&client_id=[Application Client Id]&client_secret=[Application Client Secret]&redirect_uri=urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob&grant_type=authorization_code" \
https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token
# Exchange a refresh token for a new access token.
curl \
--request POST \
--data 'client_id=[Application Client Id]&client_secret=[Application Client Secret]&refresh_token=[Refresh token granted by second step]&grant_type=refresh_token' \
https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token
@bmsrox
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bmsrox commented Nov 6, 2017

Hi ... I've been trying to use that, but show an error
{ "error" : "invalid_request", "error_description" : "Required parameter is missing: grant_type" }

@contributorpw
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contributorpw commented Nov 15, 2017

@bmsrox
Maybe you use another auth flow?
Try setup

grant_type=client_credentials

https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-4

@ChanakyaSrinivas
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ChanakyaSrinivas commented Nov 29, 2017

Hi All,

How to authenticate gmail user for google calendar using curl statements?

can you please help me out

@LindaLawton
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LindaLawton commented Jul 17, 2018

Note it also works using

curl -d client_id=vpdthl4ms0soutcrpe036ckqn7rfpn.apps.googleusercontent.com -d client_secret=uxpj6hx1H2N5BFqdnaNhIbie -d grant_type=authorization_code -d redirect_uri=urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob -d code=4/AABvK4EPc__nckJBK9UGFIhhls_69SBAyidj8J_o3Zz5-VJN6nz54ew https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token

now links to How to connect to the Google Drive API using cURL?

@eruffaldi
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eruffaldi commented Sep 25, 2018

Similar but with all the steps and macro replacements
https://gist.github.com/eruffaldi/98cfb6cc5b11a3778ac9dcb507ac75f4

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ghost commented Mar 26, 2019

Hi All,
I was tried the script, but I am getting the
{
"error": "invalid_grant",
"error_description": "Bad Request"
}

Then I changed the grant_type=client_credentials and tried. But again get the error that pasted below.

curl
--request POST
--data "code=4/GQEg70zaxHAuRhhd6A1RB_6LIxwwBV8ak5xRP-nZIBTjuvt4g3fTWyU&client_id=954040553015-bphgid2596t65i91827omteq778cp7gj.apps.googleusercontent.com&client_secret=Sn3giYFFPMCNteKC--938xsP&redirect_uri=urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob&grant_type=client_credentials"
https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token

Respose:
{
"error": "unsupported_grant_type",
"error_description": "Invalid grant_type: client_credentials"
}

Also, tried LindaLawton's curl command that pasted below and getting the error.

curl -d client_id=954040553015-bphgid2596t65i91827omteq778cp7gj.apps.googleusercontent.com -d client_secret=Sn3giYFFPMCNteKC--938xsP -d grant_type=authorization_code -d redirect_uri=urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob -d code=4/GQEg70zaxHAuRhhd6A1RB_6LIxwwBV8ak5xRP-nZIBTjuvt4g3fTWyU https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token

Response:
{
"error": "invalid_grant",
"error_description": "Bad Request"
}

@viniciusd
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viniciusd commented Aug 12, 2019

Got invalid_grant as well. The reason is that the given authorization code can only be used once.

If one performs a malformed request with the code, it is now lost and you should retrive a new one.

I am performing those steps using httpie, so it looks like:

http 'https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth' 'client_id==[Application Client Id]' redirect_uri==urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob 'scope==[Scopes]' 'response_type==code'
# This is gonna give you a Redirect, you should open that location on your browser and accept it manually
http -f POST 'https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token' 'client_id=[Application Client Id]' client_secret=[Application Client Secret] 'code=[Authentcation code from authorization link]' grant_type=authorization_code redirect_uri=urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob

@prdpjngd
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prdpjngd commented Aug 18, 2019

curl -d client_id=vpdthl4ms0soutcrpe036ckqn7rfpn.apps.googleusercontent.com -d client_secret=uxpj6hx1H2N5BFqdnaNhIbie -d grant_type=authorization_code -d redirect_uri=urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob -d code=4/AABvK4EPc__nckJBK9UGFIhhls_69SBAyidj8J_o3Zz5-VJN6nz54ew https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token

TRYED IT WORKed

@esmaeilpour
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esmaeilpour commented Dec 24, 2020

@viniciusd 👍

@cyrusParvereshi
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cyrusParvereshi commented Apr 21, 2021

Doesn't work for me, returns "prepare_token_request() got multiple values for argument 'grant_type'.

@LindaLawton
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LindaLawton commented Apr 22, 2021

@pilchita
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pilchita commented Jan 17, 2022

No work for me, i see this error:

Se produjo un error en la autorización
Error 400: redirect_uri_mismatch
The redirect URI in the request, urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob, can only be used by a Client ID for native application. It is not allowed for the WEB client type. You can create a Client ID for native application at https://console.developers.google.com/apis/credentials/oauthclient
Más información

@LindaLawton
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LindaLawton commented Jan 18, 2022

@pilchita You created web application credentials. For this to work you need to create credentials for a native application. Try watching this How to create an installed client.

Or this Understanding Oauth2 with curl

@pilchita
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pilchita commented Jan 18, 2022

Forgive my English, I want to use curl to create email accounts in the domain of the company where I work and so I can automate this process. I have read the documentation and some things I do not understand, I will follow your instructions to make it work.

I think I am confused when specifying the type of application, should I indicate that it is a desktop application or a web application?

Regards,

@LindaLawton
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LindaLawton commented Jan 18, 2022

its a desktop application . If you have google workspace you should be using a service account with another programming language. Using curl for that is going to make things harder for you.

@pilchita
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pilchita commented Jan 18, 2022

Linda thanks for your help.

Already create a service account and provide permissions (https://www.googleapis.com/auth/admin.directory.user // https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform).

{
"type": "service_account",
"project_id": "xxxxxxxxxx",
"private_key_id": "xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx",
"private_key": ""
"client_email": "xxxxxxxxxx@api-manage-users.iam.gserviceaccount.com",
"client_id": "xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx",
"auth_uri": "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth",
"token_uri": "https://oauth2.googleapis.com/token",
"auth_provider_x509_cert_url": "https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/certs",
"client_x509_cert_url": "https://www.googleapis.com/robot/v1/metadata/x509/api-admin-kiu-email%40api-manage-users.iam.gserviceaccount.com"
}

With that information I can’t generate a token using curl, postman or httpie?

Regards,

@LindaLawton
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LindaLawton commented Jan 18, 2022

I know for a fact that your not going to be able to do it with postman. Im not sure that curl is able to do the encoding needed if you manage to create a valid JWT with curl i would love to see the code. heres a link to the documentation https://developers.google.com/identity/protocols/oauth2/service-account

this looks like it might help to https://techdocs.akamai.com/iot-token-access-control/docs/generate-jwt-rsa-keys

maybe one of these if i have time i might give it a try.

@prashantrbs
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prashantrbs commented Jan 30, 2022

When i hit curl command i am getting below url

curl --request POST --data "code=4/0AX4XfWiu_WHUUrStOBoyK4G4Q6fhQqJXdETW9rKveglB5ik3K5HvjyQqHyA&scope=https://mail.google.com&client_id=288234510771-cv3hjbluppni7pn79cp8l9j46ls8ildp.apps.googleusercontent.com&client_secret=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&redirect_uri=http//localhost&grant_type=authorization_code" https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token

Error:

{
"error": "invalid_request",
"error_description": "\nYou can\u0026#39;t sign in to this app because it doesn\u0026#39;t comply with Google\u0026#39;s OAuth 2.0 policy for keeping apps secure.\n\nYou can let the app developer know that this app doesn\u0026#39;t comply with one or more Google validation rules.\n "
}

Some one please help

@LindaLawton
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LindaLawton commented Mar 5, 2022

Google has recently made a change that breaks this script How to authorize a curl script to Google Oauth after OAuth out-of-band oob flow is deprecated?](https://stackoverflow.com/q/71364188/1841839). I have a question up on Stack overflow to see if it can be fixed or not.

@Akianonymus
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Akianonymus commented Jul 14, 2022

I know for a fact that your not going to be able to do it with postman. Im not sure that curl is able to do the encoding needed if you manage to create a valid JWT with curl i would love to see the code. heres a link to the documentation https://developers.google.com/identity/protocols/oauth2/service-account

Here is a bash function to generate jwt, needs openssl to craete the payload data and jq to extract values from json. Wrote this function recently for some google drive stuff

###################################################
# Generate rs256 jwt just with cli commands and shell
# Specifically for gdrive service accounts usage
# Globals: None
# Arguments: 2
#   ${1} = service account json file contents ( should contain client_email and private key )
#   ${2} = SCOPE for gdrive ( if not given then global var SCOPE is used )
# Result: print jwt
# Refrences:
#   https://stackoverflow.com/questions/46657001/how-do-you-create-an-rs256-jwt-assertion-with-bash-shell-scripting
#   Inspired by implementation by Will Haley at:
#     http://willhaley.com/blog/generate-jwt-with-bash/
###################################################
_generate_jwt() {
    declare json="${1:?Error: Give service json file contents}" \
        scope="${2:-${SCOPE}}" aud="https://oauth2.googleapis.com/token" \
        header='{"alg":"RS256","typ":"JWT"}' \
        algo="256" scope payload_data iss exp iat rsa_secret signed_content sign

    if iss="$(jq .client_email <<< "${json}")" &&
        rsa_secret="$(jq .private_key <<< "${json}")"; then
        rsa_secret="$(printf "%b\n" "${rsa_secret}")"
    else
        printf "Error: Invalid service account file.\n" && return 1
    fi

    iat="$(printf "%(%s)T\\n" "-1")" exp="$((iat + 3400))"

    b64enc() { : "$(openssl enc -base64 -A)" && : "${_//+/-}" && : "${_//\//_}" && printf "%s\n" "${_//=/}"; }

    payload_data='{"iss":"'${iss}'","scope":"'${scope}'","aud":"'${aud}'","exp":'${exp}',"iat":'${iat}'}'

    {
        signed_content="$(b64enc <<< "${header}").$(b64enc <<< "${payload_data}")"
        sign="$(printf %s "${signed_content}" | openssl dgst -binary -sha"${algo}" -sign <(printf '%s\n' "${rsa_secret}") | b64enc)"
    } || return 1

    printf '%s.%s\n' "${signed_content}" "${sign}"
    return 0
}

P.S: Also answered your post on stackoverflow

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