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@acdlite
Last active Jan 20, 2023
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Quick and dirty code splitting with React Router v4
// getComponent is a function that returns a promise for a component
// It will not be called until the first mount
function asyncComponent(getComponent) {
return class AsyncComponent extends React.Component {
static Component = null;
state = { Component: AsyncComponent.Component };
componentWillMount() {
if (!this.state.Component) {
getComponent().then(Component => {
AsyncComponent.Component = Component
this.setState({ Component })
})
}
}
render() {
const { Component } = this.state
if (Component) {
return <Component {...this.props} />
}
return null
}
}
}
const Foo = asyncComponent(() =>
System.import('./Foo').then(module => module.default)
)
const Bar = asyncComponent(() =>
System.import('./Bar').then(module => module.default)
)
const App = () =>
<BrowserRouter>
<Link to="/foo">Foo</Link>
<Link to="/bar">Bar</Link>
<Match pattern="/foo" component={Foo} />
<Match pattern="/bar" component={Bar} />
</BrowserRouter>
export default App
@ashuorg
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ashuorg commented Jun 2, 2017

Hey Andrew @acdlite can u please give clue to do server side rendering along with the code splitting with RRv4

@velopert
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velopert commented Jun 4, 2017

Thank you for this brilliant code. I've been using this code very usefully.

Since System.import is deprecated, you have to use import.

Additionally, rather than doing module => module.default for every routes, you can remove some unnecessary codes by doing ({default: Component}) => ... in componentWillMount

Full Code:

function asyncComponent(getComponent) {
  return class AsyncComponent extends React.Component {
    static Component = null;
    state = { Component: AsyncComponent.Component };

    componentWillMount() {
      if (!this.state.Component) {
        getComponent().then(({default: Component}) => {
          AsyncComponent.Component = Component
          this.setState({ Component })
        })
      }
    }
    render() {
      const { Component } = this.state
      if (Component) {
        return <Component {...this.props} />
      }
      return null
    }
  }
}

const Foo = asyncComponent(() => import('./Foo'))
const Bar = asyncComponent(() => import('./Bar'))

@velopert
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velopert commented Jun 4, 2017

@ashuorg, It is simple. Do not implement code splitting for server side rendering. Why would you need code splitting for SSR?

You can implement code splitting only for the production build by using webpack.NormalModulesReplacementPlugin as:

    new webpack.NormalModuleReplacementPlugin(
        /^pages$/,
        'pages/index.async.js'
    ),

For more details, check this out: https://medium.com/@apostolos/server-side-rendering-code-splitting-and-hot-reloading-with-react-router-v4-87239cfc172c

@eonezhang
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eonezhang commented Jun 9, 2017

@acdlite, is there any idea on loading the asyncComponent related reducers together, and inject the reducers into the store?
I have implemented the injectHelper.

function createReducer(asyncReducers) {
  return combineReducers({
    ...asyncReducers,
    system,
    router,
  })
}

function injectReducer(store, { key, reducer }) {
  if (Reflect.has(store.asyncReducers, key)) return

  store.asyncReducers[key] = reducer // eslint-disable-line no-param-reassign
  store.replaceReducer(createReducer(store.asyncReducers))
}

@MorganeLecurieux
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@acdlite, thanks for you solution it's working perfectly.
Right now, I'm trying to prefetch the async bundles (I have a "setup" on my app, and I know my users will later navigate to an other view).
The prefetched bundles are fine, however when I navigate on an other view, the bundle is reloaded like it haven't been before.
Any idea how to solve the problem please ? I've been trying several things for a few days now and can't get a hint of what's going on on the async bundles...
Thanks :)

@ethan-deng
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Will the component js file be loaded more than once if the component unmounted and mounted again in the case such as React router. In the case of the code is not splitted, one bundle.js file is loaded just once.

@titanve
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titanve commented Oct 1, 2017

Hello everyone!

I'm using this code:

import React from "react";
import {
  BrowserRouter as Router,
  Route,
  Link,
  Switch,
  Redirect,
  Match
} from "react-router-dom";
// import Bundle from "Bundle/Bundle";

// import PedidoApp from "bundle-loader?lazy!./PedidoApp";
// import PedidoForm from "bundle-loader?lazy!./pedidoform";

// getComponent is a function that returns a promise for a component
// It will not be called until the first mount
const asyncComponent = getComponent => {
  return class AsyncComponent extends React.Component {
    static Component = null;
    state = { Component: AsyncComponent.Component };

    componentWillMount() {
      if (!this.state.Component) {
        getComponent().then(({ default: Component }) => {
          AsyncComponent.Component = Component;
          this.setState({ Component });
        });
      }
    }
    render() {
      const { Component } = this.state;
      if (Component) {
        return <Component {...this.props} />;
      }
      return null;
    }
  };
};

const PedidoApp = asyncComponent(() => import("./PedidoApp"));
const PedidoForm = asyncComponent(() => import("./pedidoform"));

class Root extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <Router>
        <div>
          <Link to="/pedido-1">Pedido</Link>
          <Link to="/pedido-1/add">Agregar</Link>

          <Route pattern="/pedido-1" component={PedidoApp} />
          <Route pattern="/pedido-1/add" component={PedidoForm} />
          <Redirect path="*" to="/pedido-1" />
        </div>
      </Router>
    );
  }
}

export default Root;

But it shows both components at the same time. How do I do in order to show <PedidoApp/> by default (Home) and when I click the Add button (or edit) show <PedidoForm/> ???

Thank you

@dleitee
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dleitee commented Oct 11, 2017

Hello,

I've implemented with recompose:

import React from 'react'
import { lifecycle } from 'recompose'

export default getComponent => {
  const setLifecycle = lifecycle({
    state: {
      Component: undefined,
    },
    componentWillMount() {
      if (!this.props.Component) {
        getComponent().then(Component => {
          this.setState({ Component })
        })
      }
    },
  })
  const AsyncComponent = props => {
    const { Component, ...otherProps } = props
    if (Component) {
      return <Component {...otherProps} />
    }
    return undefined
  }

  return setLifecycle(AsyncComponent)
}

@harshes53
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harshes53 commented Oct 27, 2017

@titanve use Switch, refer docs here

@Anenth
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Anenth commented Nov 3, 2017

export class LazyLoadComponent extends Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        this.state = {
            fetched_module: null
        };
    }

    componentWillMount() {
        if (!this.state.fetched_module) {
            System.import(this.props.file_location)
                .then(fetched_component => {
                    this.setState({fetched_module: fetched_component.default});
                });
        }
    }

    render() {
        const CurrentComponent = this.state.fetched_module;
        const {loading_page, ...component_props} = this.props;

        if (CurrentComponent) {
            return (<CurrentComponent {...component_props} />);
        }
        return (<LoadingPage page={loading_page}/>);
    }
}

LazyLoadComponent.propTypes = {
    file_location: PropTypes.string.isRequired,
    loading_page: PropTypes.string
};

Something like this won't work?

@budarin
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budarin commented Nov 20, 2017

After rendering route component on a server I have FOT because when React initializes app - asyncComponent renders null at first time!
The second problem is about Stores keys - reducers of the route component will be injected into main reducer when it will be loaded.
But at that time server state is lost the keys which are belonged to the loaded component - so SSR is useless ! ((
Is there a solution of these problems?

@aerosunilkumar
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image
can any one help me to solve this

@ashokrao1
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@ashokrao1
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Thanks for this awesome post, made my life lot easier :)

@budarin
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budarin commented Dec 26, 2017

@acdlite
What is the main purpose of having static Component field?

@AndrejGajdos
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AndrejGajdos commented Feb 6, 2018

@acdlite I have the same question as @budarin

@nateq314
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@budarin @AndreGajdos It's memoization. It's caching it for the next time the component is used. First time it will do the fetch. Every time thereafter it will already be there in the static Component field.

@nhulongctk10
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I have the same question as @budarin.

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ghost commented Apr 4, 2018

How we can add progress until component not import.
I want to use this type of progress.

@mrukas
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mrukas commented Apr 8, 2018

@nateq314 This should only be necessary if you're using something other than webpack. Using webpack the module only gets fetched one time, even if you're not caching the component in the static field.

How do I pass props to the lazy loaded component? I see that {...this.props} has been used, but you can't pass properties to the AsyncComponent. Am I missing something?

I'm currently using something like this:

export default function asyncComponent(getComponent, props = {}) {
    return class AsyncComponent extends Component {
        state = {};

        componentWillMount() {
            getComponent().then(({ default: component }) => {
                this.setState({ Component: component });
            });
        }

        render() {
            const { Component } = this.state
            return Component ? <Component {...props} /> : null;
        }
    };
}

The route entry looks like this:

 <Route path="/about" component={asyncRoute(() => import('./About'), { title: "About" })} />

@elycruz
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elycruz commented Apr 21, 2018

Nice!!!

I would use FetchedComponent or something internally instead of Component (since you're probably already importing that symbol (Component)).

Other than that awesome!

@49-22
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49-22 commented Nov 3, 2018

Hello everyone!

I'm using this code:

import React from "react";
import {
  BrowserRouter as Router,
  Route,
  Link,
  Switch,
  Redirect,
  Match
} from "react-router-dom";
// import Bundle from "Bundle/Bundle";

// import PedidoApp from "bundle-loader?lazy!./PedidoApp";
// import PedidoForm from "bundle-loader?lazy!./pedidoform";

// getComponent is a function that returns a promise for a component
// It will not be called until the first mount
const asyncComponent = getComponent => {
  return class AsyncComponent extends React.Component {
    static Component = null;
    state = { Component: AsyncComponent.Component };

    componentWillMount() {
      if (!this.state.Component) {
        getComponent().then(({ default: Component }) => {
          AsyncComponent.Component = Component;
          this.setState({ Component });
        });
      }
    }
    render() {
      const { Component } = this.state;
      if (Component) {
        return <Component {...this.props} />;
      }
      return null;
    }
  };
};

const PedidoApp = asyncComponent(() => import("./PedidoApp"));
const PedidoForm = asyncComponent(() => import("./pedidoform"));

class Root extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <Router>
        <div>
          <Link to="/pedido-1">Pedido</Link>
          <Link to="/pedido-1/add">Agregar</Link>

          <Route pattern="/pedido-1" component={PedidoApp} />
          <Route pattern="/pedido-1/add" component={PedidoForm} />
          <Redirect path="*" to="/pedido-1" />
        </div>
      </Router>
    );
  }
}

export default Root;

But it shows both components at the same time. How do I do in order to show <PedidoApp/> by default (Home) and when I click the Add button (or edit) show <PedidoForm/> ???

Thank you

You have to use Either <switch> component to wrap routes (or) Exact Attribute on <Route>

@StefanoSega
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Hello!

Writing an async component like this in TypeScript:

export function routeAsyncComponent(getComponent: () => Promise<React.Component>) {
  interface IRouteAsyncComponentState {
    Component: React.Component;
  }

  return class RouteAsyncComponent extends React.Component<any, IRouteAsyncComponentState> {
    static Component: React.Component = null;
    state = { Component: RouteAsyncComponent.Component };

    componentWillMount() {
      if (!this.state.Component) {
        getComponent().then(Component => {
          RouteAsyncComponent.Component = Component;
          this.setState({ Component });
        });
      }
    }
    render() {
      const { Component } = this.state;
      if (Component) {
        return <Component {...this.props} />;
      }

      return null;
    }
  }
}

TypeScript complains on return <Component {...this.props} />; :

Type assertion using the '<>' syntax is forbidden. Use the 'as' syntax instead. (no-angle-bracket-type-assertion)tslint(1)

Type assertion on object literals is forbidden, use a type annotation instead. (no-object-literal-type-assertion)tslint(1)

Cannot find name 'Component'.ts(2304)

@BertieGo
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so dirty and so good, bro

@lynda0214
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Thank you for this brilliant code. I've been using this code very usefully.

Since System.import is deprecated, you have to use import.

Additionally, rather than doing module => module.default for every routes, you can remove some unnecessary codes by doing ({default: Component}) => ... in componentWillMount

Full Code:

function asyncComponent(getComponent) {
  return class AsyncComponent extends React.Component {
    static Component = null;
    state = { Component: AsyncComponent.Component };

    componentWillMount() {
      if (!this.state.Component) {
        getComponent().then(({default: Component}) => {
          AsyncComponent.Component = Component
          this.setState({ Component })
        })
      }
    }
    render() {
      const { Component } = this.state
      if (Component) {
        return <Component {...this.props} />
      }
      return null
    }
  }
}

const Foo = asyncComponent(() => import('./Foo'))
const Bar = asyncComponent(() => import('./Bar'))

Can't figure out why .default is needed

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