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Last active June 8, 2024 15:32
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Fix "Permission denied (publickey)" error when pushing with Git

"Help, I keep getting a 'Permission Denied (publickey)' error when I push!"

This means, on your local machine, you haven't made any SSH keys. Not to worry. Here's how to fix:

  1. Open git bash (Use the Windows search. To find it, type "git bash") or the Mac Terminal. Pro Tip: You can use any *nix based command prompt (but not the default Windows Command Prompt!)
  2. Type cd ~/.ssh. This will take you to the root directory for Git (Likely C:\Users\[YOUR-USER-NAME]\.ssh\ on Windows)
  3. Within the .ssh folder, there should be these two files: id_rsa and id_rsa.pub. These are the files that tell your computer how to communicate with GitHub, BitBucket, or any other Git based service. Type ls to see a directory listing. If those two files don't show up, proceed to the next step. NOTE: Your SSH keys must be named id_rsa and id_rsa.pub in order for Git, GitHub, and BitBucket to recognize them by default.
  4. To create the SSH keys, type ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "your_email@example.com". This will create both id_rsa and id_rsa.pub files.
  5. Now, go and open id_rsa.pub in your favorite text editor (you can do this via Windows Explorer or the OSX Finder if you like, typing open . will open the folder).
  6. Copy the contents--exactly as it appears, with no extra spaces or lines--of id_rsa.pub and paste it into GitHub and/or BitBucket under the Account Settings > SSH Keys. NOTE: I like to give the SSH key a descriptive name, usually with the name of the workstation I'm on along with the date.
  7. Now that you've added your public key to Github and/or BitBucket, try to git push again and see if it works. It should!

More help available from GitHub on creating SSH Keys and BitBucket Help.

@gowthamkumar12
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I have an issue I have created a repo and I am trying to clone the repo using ssh, for that I have setup everything up, but when I am trying to clone the repo I am facing this.

`git@github.com: Permission denied (publickey).
fatal: Could not read from remote repository.

Please make sure you have the correct access rights
and the repository exists.`

I don't know where I am going wrong. someone please help me with this

@Divya0319
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Divya0319 commented Jun 12, 2023

I have an issue I have created a repo and I am trying to clone the repo using ssh, for that I have setup everything up, but when I am trying to clone the repo I am facing this.

`git@github.com: Permission denied (publickey). fatal: Could not read from remote repository.

Please make sure you have the correct access rights and the repository exists.`

I don't know where I am going wrong. someone please help me with this

Make sure you have created public and private key pairs properly, by following the steps described in SSH key generation official docs, and also make sure you uploaded your public key in "SSH Keys" section of your GitHub account. I have attached two screenshots from my GitHub account for your reference.
Screenshot 2023-06-12 163242
Screenshot 2023-06-12 163451

@gowthamkumar12
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gowthamkumar12 commented Jun 12, 2023

Yeah, I have done all of that and I am also able to get this message "Hi gowthamkumar12! You've successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access." while doing "ssh -T git@github.com"

@Divya0319
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Yeah, I have done all of that and I am also able to get this message "Hi gowthamkumar12! You've successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access." while doing "ssh -T git@github.com"

For registering newly created SSH keys, you must register your keys (private keys) to SSH agent, instead of requesting shell access of GitHub.

@josehricardo
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This procedure solved my problem! thanks!!!

@tharaka16
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Worked like a charm. thank you!!

@bvercelli99
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Thanks!!

@Vil94
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Vil94 commented Aug 22, 2023

What a lifesaver, thank you!!

@iamkayshow
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Thanks it worked!

@pjkitsune
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Thank you so much! I was stumped!

@Yunishello
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Thanks so much it worked

@emil-raubach
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Thank you!

@ScorpQ
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ScorpQ commented Nov 1, 2023

Thank youuu

@roziqjon1
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l;,
l

@chronkituss
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Thank you, it worked!

@sagar03d
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sagar03d commented Jan 2, 2024

I was having this error on ubuntu, do not forget to add 'sudo' while running ssh-keygen command

@devonkinghorn
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I had this problem but only with docker-compose build with a git context. Git clone and push still worked though

For some reason when I ran ssh-add, it magically worked. No clue why but hopefully it helps someone.

$ ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_rsa

@0xkarambit
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Thank you bro, needed this

@Cegt25
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Cegt25 commented Apr 18, 2024

Gracias, esta solución me funciono perfectamente

@pxpana
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pxpana commented May 9, 2024

thank you mahn

@purplena
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extremely appreciated!

@hbolajraf
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For those who still have the issue, I created a step-by-step tutorial on how to fix the "Permission Denied (publickey)" error. Post : https://hbolajraf.net/posts/Connecting-to-GitHub-and-Pushing-Changes-Using-SSH-on-Windows/

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