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Installing GHC 7.2 on Mac OS X 10.7 Lion

Installing GHC 7.2 on Mac OS X

This is a brief and bare-bones guide to getting GHC 7.2 and the cabal-install tool (the two basic things you'll need to do Haskell development) up and running on a new Mac OS X 10.7 install.

The instructions given here worked for me, but YMMV.

Installing GHC

Downloading and installing GHC 7.2.1 for x86_64 (Darwin) is straightforward.

curl -O
tar -xjvf ghc-7.2.1-x86_64-apple-darwin.tar.bz2
cd ghc-7.2.1
make install

Installing cabal-install

Downloading, patching and installing the latest version of the cabal-install tool is not quite so easy, but won't take long if you're careful (and you don't run into problems that I didn't).

Patching is required because cabal-install 0.10.2 has a very conservative dependency list and many of the core packages included with GHC 7.2 have version numbers greater than many of the upper bounds given by cabal-install's .cabal file.

cd -
curl -O
tar -xzvf cabal-install-0.10.2.tar.gz
cd cabal-install-0.10.2
curl -O
patch -p0 cabal-install.cabal ghc7.diff

The script is provided by cabal-install as an easy way to get cabal-install and all its dependencies up and running. However, it needs some changes to work under GHC 7.2.

GHC 7.2 removes the random package from the distribution, so we need to modify and have it install along with zlib, HTTP and the rest. We also need to update the list of packages to install to use more recent versions which will build under GHC 7.2.

Replace the whole block of version numbers and regexps with these new ones:

PARSEC_VER="3.1.1";    PARSEC_VER_REGEXP="[23]\."     # == 2.* || == 3.*
NETWORK_VER=""; NETWORK_VER_REGEXP="2\."       # == 2.*
CABAL_VER="1.12.0";    CABAL_VER_REGEXP="1\.12\.[^0]" # == 1.10.* && >= 1.10.1
TRANS_VER="";   TRANS_VER_REGEXP="0\.2\."      # == 0.2.*
MTL_VER="";     MTL_VER_REGEXP="[12]\."        # == 1.* || == 2.*
HTTP_VER="4000.1.2";   HTTP_VER_REGEXP="4000\.[01]\." # == 4000.0.* || 4000.1.*
ZLIB_VER="";    ZLIB_VER_REGEXP="0\.[45]\."    # == 0.4.* || ==0.5.*
TIME_VER="";    TIME_VER_REGEXP="1\.[12]\."    # == 0.1.* || ==0.2.*
RANDOM_VER="";  RANDOM_VER_REGEXP="1\."        # == 1.*

Then add the following lines next to their kin:

info_pkg "random"       ${RANDOM_VER}  ${RANDOM_VER_REGEXP}

do_pkg   "random"       ${RANDOM_VER}  ${RANDOM_VER_REGEXP}

Since the Cabal library comes with GHC, we also don't need it installed by the bootstrap script, so find the following two lines and comment them out:

# info_pkg "Cabal"        ${CABAL_VER}   ${CABAL_VER_REGEXP}

# do_pkg   "Cabal"        ${CABAL_VER}   ${CABAL_VER_REGEXP}

We want cabal-install and its dependencies to be installed globally, as though they were being installed by something like the Haskell Platform, so the final change to is to change the installation scope from --user to --global. You can skip this step if you prefer to install cabal-install and its dependencies locally.


Finally, run the bootstrap script to install cabal-install.


That should be it. Happy hacking!

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@itkovian quite right, thanks.

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ijt commented Oct 2, 2011

The configure step fails for me with

configure:2906: checking for C compiler default output file name
configure:2933: /Developer/usr/bin/gcc conftest.c >&5
ld: library not found for -lcrt1.10.6.o
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status

Update: This happened because I forgot to run the Xcode installer. The app store makes it look like Xcode is installed, when in reality only the installer is installed.

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Looks like it's selecting the wrong C compiler: /Developer/usr/bin/gcc is symlinked to llvm-gcc-4.2, not the actual gcc-4.2. You are using OS X 10.7 and Xcode 4, yes?

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mcandre commented Oct 2, 2011


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Configuring Cabal-
Setup: At least the following dependencies are missing:
base >=4 && <3 && >=2 && <5, unix >=2.0 && <2.5

Error during cabal-install bootstrap:
Configuring the Cabal package failed

I'm sad

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It looks like the patch for cabal-install is not available for download any more. I found this gist which contains the same patch, but needs git to apply it.

% curl -O
% cat cabal-install-ghc722.patch | git apply

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@deepakjois thanks, I'll try to find some time over the weekend to update the instructions. I'll probably just rewrite it to work with the GHC 7.4 release candidate since that's both newer and actually intended as a publicly releasable version, not just a technology preview like GHC 7.2 is.

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