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How to SSH agent forward into a docker container
docker run -rm -t -i -v $(dirname $SSH_AUTH_SOCK) -e SSH_AUTH_SOCK=$SSH_AUTH_SOCK ubuntu /bin/bash

In order for this to work you need to specify volume like so:

docker run -rm -t -i -v $(dirname $SSH_AUTH_SOCK):$(dirname $SSH_AUTH_SOCK) -e SSH_AUTH_SOCK=$SSH_AUTH_SOCK ubuntu /bin/bash

pda commented May 23, 2014

docker run --volume $SSH_AUTH_SOCK:/ssh-agent --env SSH_AUTH_SOCK=/ssh-agent ubuntu ssh-add -l

Wow, I was wondering how this solutions works with socket file share, it wasn't supposed to work though. But then again, now I realise that docker containers share same kernel level with the guest OS. Good tips 👍

elhu commented Jul 24, 2014

Is there any pre-requisite for the Docker host? My host can connect to a SSH server using private key authentication just fine, but the container fails to find a private key (which makes sense since it doesn't have it) and fallbacks to password authentication...

I can’t see how this would work, given that the permissions on $SSH_AUTH_SOCK in the host won’t allow access from the container user? I must be missing something? :/

This exposes the value of the $SSH_AUTH_SOCK (whichiis the path to a socket file on the host) as a volume into the docker container (at the location /ssh-agent). Inside the container you then set the environment variable $SSH_AUTH_SOCK with the path to the volume inside, /ssh-agent). Since this environment variable is now set, ssh-agent -l can make use of it inside the container. When you run these commands inside the docker container you're root and so you have access.

If you're running this command in a Vagrant created VM, you might have problems with the file in $SSH_AUTH_SOCK being a symlink, so this worked for me:

docker run -i -t -v $(readlink -f $SSH_AUTH_SOCK):/ssh-agent -e SSH_AUTH_SOCK=/ssh-agent ubuntu /bin/bash

Anyone get this to work in boot2docker yet?

+1 @arunthampi That works very well in my Vagrant+Docker setup. I was using a Docker container to run Capistrano commands, so I had a few other things. I needed to add a --env CAP_USER=$CAP_USER and then in my Vagrant VM .bashrc source a file that contained my remote CAP_USER username.

File /home/vagrant/.cap_user contains just remote-user
Then in file: /home/vagrant/.bashrc I have a line like this:

    test -f ~/.cap_user && export CAP_USER=$(cat ~/.cap_user) || true

I set that file up in the VM using the Vagrantfile shell provisioner to copy both files into the VM.

Viola. Capistrano deploying happening inside a Docker container.

dts commented Mar 1, 2015

@tobowers: Works for me on boot2docker on mac, but I have to do it in two steps, SSH into the host VM, then run @arunthampi's code. Like so:

 $ boot2docker ssh
 $ docker run -i -t -v $(readlink -f $SSH_AUTH_SOCK):/ssh-agent -e SSH_AUTH_SOCK=/ssh-agent ubuntu /bin/bash

Once you're in to the host VM, you can check out forwarding status with ssh-add -L. If you get the publickeys you expect, proceed into the container.

bigeasy commented Apr 1, 2015

@dts You forgot -A.

$ boot2docker ssh -A
$ ssh-add -l
2048 97:f0:e8:b3:c6:cb:2b:06:93:31:f5:a5:c6:0c:22:07 /Users/alan/.ssh/id_rsa (RSA)
$ docker run -i -t -v $(readlink -f $SSH_AUTH_SOCK):/ssh-agent -e SSH_AUTH_SOCK=/ssh-agent ubuntu /bin/bash
$ apt-get -q=2 update && apt-get -q=2 install ssh > /dev/null 2>&1
$ ssh-add -l
2048 97:f0:e8:b3:c6:cb:2b:06:93:31:f5:a5:c6:0c:22:07 /Users/alan/.ssh/id_rsa (RSA)

@tobowers On boot2docker Just your home dir is available on boot2docker-vm, maybe if you symlink the ssh-agent socket to $HOME/something this can work.

I'm trying this, but with docker-compose. I was typing a comment, but too much for this gist. Any help is appreciated over on http://stackoverflow.com/questions/32897709/ssh-key-forwarding-inside-docker-compose-container

f3l1x commented Apr 5, 2016

Great thanks.

docker run --volume $SSH_AUTH_SOCK:/ssh-agent --env SSH_AUTH_SOCK=/ssh-agent ubuntu ssh-add -l

Works pretty well!

kynan commented Oct 23, 2016

Has anyone managed to use SSH agent forwarding in combination with running the container as a different user e.g. docker run -u $(id -u):$(id -g) --volume $SSH_AUTH_SOCK:/ssh-agent --env SSH_AUTH_SOCK=/ssh-agent ...?

SSH actually checks that the effective UID is present in the password database and fails with You don't exist, go away! otherwise.

whistler commented Oct 27, 2016 edited

I get the following error when trying this out. I'm using a mac and have tried this on both docker for mac and docker-machine. I had to first install git on the ubuntu image.

docker run --volume $SSH_AUTH_SOCK:/ssh-agent --env SSH_AUTH_SOCK=/ssh-agent ubuntu ssh-add -l                             ✹ ✭
Error connecting to agent: Connection refused

gautaz commented Nov 3, 2016

@whistler, sharing the auth socket is currently not working for docker for mac, see:
docker/for-mac#410

It seems there is a work in progress that should be available before the end of November:
docker/for-mac#483

jrolfs commented Dec 23, 2016

@gautaz thanks for the heads up!

vladkras commented Jul 18, 2017 edited

What if I have Windows? How to use SSH_AUTH_SOCK?

I can clone repo with common git for WIndows, but not inside the container

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