What follows are some of my (very) rough thoughts on what we can and should do with respect to CPS transformation in Scala at the language level. I'll try to start with some motivation behind my thinking, as well as some rambling observations on the nature of the problem space, but don't expect too much coherence here. :-)
Async programming is hard.
Okay let's actually be more specific than that. High-performance I/O is hard. Signal multiplexing is a powerful technique for achieving high(er) performance I/O, particularly network I/O, but the tradeoff is that, in order to utilize it, the user-space programming model must allow for suspension and resumption of sequential continuations (often called "fibers" or "coroutines"). Achieving this type of programming model without significant tradeoffs in usability is what is exceptionally hard.
If that wasn't bad enough though, these problems are inextricably conflated with another set of problem spaces which are, themselves, very difficult. In