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Vanilla JS equivalents of jQuery methods

Sans jQuery

Events

// jQuery
$(document).ready(function() {
  // code
})

// Vanilla
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function() {
  // code
})
// jQuery
$('a').click(function() {
  // code…
})

// Vanilla
[].forEach.call(document.querySelectorAll('a'), function(el) {
  el.addEventListener('click', function() {
    // code…
  })
})

Selectors

// jQuery
var divs = $('div')

// Vanilla
var divs = document.querySelectorAll('div')
// jQuery
var newDiv = $('<div/>')

// Vanilla
var newDiv = document.createElement('div')

Attributes

// jQuery
$('img').filter(':first').attr('alt', 'My image')

// Vanilla
document.querySelector('img').setAttribute('alt', 'My image')

Classes

// jQuery
newDiv.addClass('foo')

// Vanilla
newDiv.classList.add('foo')
// jQuery
newDiv.toggleClass('foo')

// Vanilla
newDiv.classList.toggle('foo')

Manipulation

// jQuery
$('body').append($('<p/>'))

// Vanilla
document.body.appendChild(document.createElement('p'))
// jQuery
var clonedElement = $('#about').clone()

// Vanilla
var clonedElement = document.getElementById('about').cloneNode(true)
// jQuery
$('#wrap').empty()

// Vanilla
var wrap = document.getElementById('wrap')
while(wrap.firstChild) wrap.removeChild(wrap.firstChild)

Transversing

// jQuery
var parent = $('#about').parent()

// Vanilla
var parent = document.getElementById('about').parentNode
// jQuery
if($('#wrap').is(':empty'))

// Vanilla
if(!document.getElementById('wrap').hasChildNodes())
// jQuery
var nextElement = $('#wrap').next()

// Vanilla
var nextElement = document.getElementById('wrap').nextSibling

AJAX

GET

// jQuery
$.get('//example.com', function (data) {
  // code
})

// Vanilla
var httpRequest = new XMLHttpRequest()
httpRequest.onreadystatechange = function (data) {
  // code
}
httpRequest.open('GET', url)
httpRequest.send()

POST

// jQuery
$.post('//example.com', { username: username }, function (data) {
  // code
})

// Vanilla
var httpRequest = new XMLHttpRequest()
httpRequest.onreadystatechange = function (data) {
  // code
}
httpRequest.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded')
httpRequest.open('POST', url)
httpRequest.send('username=' + encodeURIComponent(username))

JSONP

// jQuery
$.getJSON('//openexchangerates.org/latest.json?callback=?', function (data) {
  // code
})

// Vanilla
function success(data) {
  // code
}
var scr = document.createElement('script')
scr.src = '//openexchangerates.org/latest.json?callback=formatCurrency'
document.body.appendChild(scr)

More

Here are a few additional references demonstrating vanilla javascript equivalents of jquery methods:

Also, see the two part series showing equivalents for ...

yairEO commented Oct 14, 2016

$('#wrap').next() is not the same at all as vanilla nextSibling, but to nextElementSibling, because obviously nextSibling returns text nodes which are irrelevant.

Regarding the example of $('img').filter(':first').attr('alt', 'My image') - nobody in their right mind will use filter like that. you would simply do:

$('img:first')
$('img').eq(0)
$('img:eq(0)')

would be nice to add vanillia of wrap() method and data() method for storing data on a cached object

$('selector').load() would be nice 👍

@yairEO ,
I found a good JQuery wrap() method in plain Javascript: [(https://plainjs.com/javascript/manipulation/wrap-an-html-structure-around-an-element-28/)]

@brmendez ,
there is an alternative for JQuery load() method: loadPageSection.js
[(https://gist.github.com/lazamar/f213d94d08a8212bb0a59a4ec2fbc964)]

I am rewriting one of my projects that has jQuery as a dependency to not have any dependencies. I was googling each line I needed to change until I found this. This is very useful, thank you.

I'm currently learning javascript and jQuery. This helps out tremendously! Thank you!

xilin commented Jan 19, 2018

Base on jQuery's doc

By design, any jQuery constructor or method that accepts an HTML string — jQuery(), .append(), .after(), etc. — can potentially execute code. This can occur by injection of script tags or use of HTML attributes that execute code (for example, ). Do not use these methods to insert strings obtained from untrusted sources such as URL query parameters, cookies, or form inputs. Doing so can introduce cross-site-scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities. Remove or escape any user input before adding content to the document.

These methods will execute code, while the vanilla method will not eval scripts.

$(btn[index++]).click();
whats evq for that?

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