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Install and Setup Windows Subsystem 2 for Linux, Hyper, ZSH + Oh My Zsh + Powerlevel9k + plugins, FNM + VSCode (+ext) and Nerd Font

Setup Windows Subsystem 2 for Linux

Windows Subsystem 2 for Linux, Hyper, ZSH + Oh My Zsh + Powerlevel9k + plugins, FNM + VSCode (+ext) and Nerd Font

To setup native Linux, see this gist

Preview

Requirements

Steps

1. Enable WSL2

Run in PowerShell, as admin (elevated):

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName VirtualMachinePlatform

2. Install a Linux distro for WSL2

  • open Microsoft Store on Windows;
  • search for Linux;
  • install Ubuntu 18.04 (recommended).

3. Install Chocolatey

Run in CMD, as admin:

@"%SystemRoot%\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe" -NoProfile -InputFormat None -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Command "iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://chocolatey.org/install.ps1'))" && SET "PATH=%PATH%;%ALLUSERSPROFILE%\chocolatey\bin"

4. Install Hyper and VSCode using Chocolatey

Run in CMD, as admin:

choco install hyper vscode -y

5. Set Hyper to use WSL

  • Hyper (icon) > Properties > Compatibility > check "Run as adminstrator";
  • open Hyper;
  • Edit > Preferences
  • change lines:
    shell: 'C:\\Windows\\System32\\wsl.exe',
    shellArgs: [~],
  • save preferences;
  • restart Hyper.

6. Install ZSH and Oh My Zsh

Run in Hyper:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

sudo apt install zsh -y
sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh)"

7. Install NVM using ZSH

curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.35.0/install.sh | bash
echo "export NVM_DIR=\"$HOME/.nvm\"\n[ -s \"$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh\" ] && \. \"$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh\"\n[ -s \"$NVM_DIR/bash_completion\" ] && \. \"$NVM_DIR/bash_completion\"" >> ~/.zshrc
source ~/.zshrc

8. Install Node (latest) using NVM

nvm install node
nvm alias default node

9. Install Yarn

curl -sS https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/pubkey.gpg | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/ stable main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yarn.list
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install --no-install-recommends yarn

10. Install Nodemon, PM2, ESLint, Pug

npm i -g nodemon pm2 eslint pug

11. Install neofetch

sudo apt install neofetch
echo 'neofetch' >> ~/.zshrc

12. Install VSCode extensions

Reference

13. Install Powerline9k theme for Oh My Zsh

git clone https://github.com/bhilburn/powerlevel9k.git ~/.oh-my-zsh/custom/themes/powerlevel9k

Then, add to your ~/.zshrc:

ZSH_THEME="powerlevel9k/powerlevel9k"

14. Install Powerline specific fonts (Nerd Font or Powerline Fonts)

Nerd Fonts

For Windows, download and install manually from: https://github.com/ryanoasis/nerd-fonts/releases

Powerline Fonts

Run in Powershell:

git clone https://github.com/powerline/fonts.git --depth=1
cd fonts
Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass
./install.ps1
cd ..
Remove-Item fonts -Recurse -Force
Recommended fonts
  • FuraMono
  • FiraCode
  • Menlo
  • DejaVu Sans
  • Hack
  • HeavyData

15. Change Hyper font config

  • back to Hyper, open Edit > Preferences;
  • give font name (fontFamily: '"FuraMono Nerd Font Mono", "FuraMono Nerd Font", Menlo, "DejaVu Sans Mono", Consolas, "Lucida Console", monospace')
  • (optional) set webGLRenderer: false if you see 1px spaces in Powerline stripes (causes small performance degradation).

16. Setup POWERLEVEL9K_MODE and more variables

Change your ~/.zshrc and include:

POWERLEVEL9K_MODE='nerdfont-complete'

More options and styling on https://github.com/Powerlevel9k/powerlevel9k/wiki/Stylizing-Your-Prompt

17. Install Hyper plugins

hyper i hyper-statusline hyper-search hyper-oceanic-next

18. Upgrade Ubuntu

sudo apt upgrade -y

19. Install ZSH plugins

Install plugins

Run in Hyper:

# zsh-completions
git clone https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-completions ${ZSH_CUSTOM:=~/.oh-my-zsh/custom}/plugins/zsh-completions
# zsh-autosuggestions
git clone https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-autosuggestions ${ZSH_CUSTOM:-~/.oh-my-zsh/custom}/plugins/zsh-autosuggestions
# fasd
sudo apt install fasd -y
Edit ~/.zshrc in WSL
plugins=(
    ansible
    aws
    cargo
    command-not-found
    docker
    fasd
    git
    golang
    npm
    npx
    nvm
    react-native
    rust
    sudo
    systemd
    ubuntu
    vscode
    web-search
    yarn
    zsh-autosuggestions
    zsh-completions
)

21. Recommended VSCode extensions + theme

https://gist.github.com/leodutra/941345a39d1f3b1e13e16a860c3385e0

20. Set VSCode integrated terminal font

{
    "workbench.colorTheme": "Community Material Theme High Contrast",
    "rust-client.engine": "rust-analyzer",
    "terminal.integrated.fontFamily": "'FuraMono Nerd Font'",
    "terminal.integrated.fontSize": 14,
    "terminal.integrated.fontWeight": 600,
    "editor.fontFamily": "'FuraMono Nerd Font'",
    "editor.fontSize": 13,
    "editor.fontWeight": 500,
    "editor.suggestSelection": "first",
}

22. Exit Hyper

exit

23. Final .zshrc reference

# If you come from bash you might have to change your $PATH.
# export PATH=$HOME/bin:/usr/local/bin:$PATH

# Path to your oh-my-zsh installation.
export ZSH="/home/home/.oh-my-zsh"

# Set name of the theme to load --- if set to "random", it will
# load a random theme each time oh-my-zsh is loaded, in which case,
# to know which specific one was loaded, run: echo $RANDOM_THEME
# See https://github.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/wiki/Themes
#ZSH_THEME="robbyrussell"
ZSH_THEME="powerlevel9k/powerlevel9k"
POWERLEVEL9K_MODE="nerdfont-complete"

# VSCode specific styling
# "terminal.integrated.env.linux": {
#     "ZSHRC_VSCODE_MODE": "true"
# }
if [ "$ZSHRC_VSCODE_MODE" = "true" ]; then
    POWERLEVEL9K_LEFT_PROMPT_ELEMENTS=(os_icon dir vcs)
else
    POWERLEVEL9K_LEFT_PROMPT_ELEMENTS=(context dir vcs)
fi
#POWERLEVEL9K_PROMPT_ON_NEWLINE=true
#POWERLEVEL9K_RPROMPT_ON_NEWLINE=false


# Set list of themes to pick from when loading at random
# Setting this variable when ZSH_THEME=random will cause zsh to load
# a theme from this variable instead of looking in ~/.oh-my-zsh/themes/
# If set to an empty array, this variable will have no effect.
# ZSH_THEME_RANDOM_CANDIDATES=( "robbyrussell" "agnoster" )

# Uncomment the following line to use case-sensitive completion.
# CASE_SENSITIVE="true"

# Uncomment the following line to use hyphen-insensitive completion.
# Case-sensitive completion must be off. _ and - will be interchangeable.
# HYPHEN_INSENSITIVE="true"

# Uncomment the following line to disable bi-weekly auto-update checks.
# DISABLE_AUTO_UPDATE="true"

# Uncomment the following line to automatically update without prompting.
# DISABLE_UPDATE_PROMPT="true"

# Uncomment the following line to change how often to auto-update (in days).
# export UPDATE_ZSH_DAYS=13

# Uncomment the following line if pasting URLs and other text is messed up.
# DISABLE_MAGIC_FUNCTIONS=true

# Uncomment the following line to disable colors in ls.
# DISABLE_LS_COLORS="true"

# Uncomment the following line to disable auto-setting terminal title.
# DISABLE_AUTO_TITLE="true"

# Uncomment the following line to enable command auto-correction.
# ENABLE_CORRECTION="true"

# Uncomment the following line to display red dots whilst waiting for completion.
# COMPLETION_WAITING_DOTS="true"

# Uncomment the following line if you want to disable marking untracked files
# under VCS as dirty. This makes repository status check for large repositories
# much, much faster.
# DISABLE_UNTRACKED_FILES_DIRTY="true"

# Uncomment the following line if you want to change the command execution time
# stamp shown in the history command output.
# You can set one of the optional three formats:
# "mm/dd/yyyy"|"dd.mm.yyyy"|"yyyy-mm-dd"
# or set a custom format using the strftime function format specifications,
# see 'man strftime' for details.
# HIST_STAMPS="mm/dd/yyyy"

# Would you like to use another custom folder than $ZSH/custom?
# ZSH_CUSTOM=/path/to/new-custom-folder

# Which plugins would you like to load?
# Standard plugins can be found in ~/.oh-my-zsh/plugins/*
# Custom plugins may be added to ~/.oh-my-zsh/custom/plugins/
# Example format: plugins=(rails git textmate ruby lighthouse)
# Add wisely, as too many plugins slow down shell startup.
plugins=(
    ansible
    aws
    cargo
    command-not-found
    docker
    fasd
    git
    golang
    npm
    npx
    nvm
    react-native
    rust
    sudo
    systemd
    ubuntu
    vscode
    web-search
    yarn
    zsh-autosuggestions
    zsh-completions
)

source $ZSH/oh-my-zsh.sh

# User configuration

# export MANPATH="/usr/local/man:$MANPATH"

# You may need to manually set your language environment
# export LANG=en_US.UTF-8

# Preferred editor for local and remote sessions
# if [[ -n $SSH_CONNECTION ]]; then
#   export EDITOR='vim'
# else
#   export EDITOR='mvim'
# fi

# Compilation flags
# export ARCHFLAGS="-arch x86_64"

# Set personal aliases, overriding those provided by oh-my-zsh libs,
# plugins, and themes. Aliases can be placed here, though oh-my-zsh
# users are encouraged to define aliases within the ZSH_CUSTOM folder.
# For a full list of active aliases, run `alias`.
#
# Example aliases
# alias zshconfig="mate ~/.zshrc"
# alias ohmyzsh="mate ~/.oh-my-zsh"

export NVM_DIR="$HOME/.nvm"
[ -s "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" ] && \. "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh"  # This loads nvm
[ -s "$NVM_DIR/bash_completion" ] && \. "$NVM_DIR/bash_completion"  # This loads nvm bash_completion

neofetch
@altosaar

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@altosaar altosaar commented Jan 11, 2021

Thank you! This is incredibly useful. Consider renaming this to "Windows for hackers" or "WSL for hackers" :) as it is the closest I could find to https://gist.github.com/brandonb927/3195465 - a painless setup for a reasonable dev environment on a clean install of Windows. Again, this is a huge time saver. Thanks so much!! :)

@LionByteTech

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@LionByteTech LionByteTech commented Mar 9, 2021

Appreciate this! Finally something that is quick and to the point to get a dev env that makes sense!

@pandaa880

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@pandaa880 pandaa880 commented Mar 14, 2021

Thank you for putting this together. I just switched to windows and this really helped.

@KenyOS

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@KenyOS KenyOS commented Apr 26, 2021

many thanks!! extremely helpful I didn't have Windows store for some reason but I could download manually and install Ubuntu18 '.appx'

@aiyanajade

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@aiyanajade aiyanajade commented May 20, 2021

I cannot find hyper icon on my windows, moreover when I open it from search as admin it first opens cmd and then an 'unintereactive' hyper terminal where I still don't see the properties option.

@leodutra

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Owner Author

@leodutra leodutra commented May 31, 2021

@aiyanajade hyper preferences should be in its title menu or right click

@loctran016

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@loctran016 loctran016 commented Jul 25, 2021

I've tried but the hyper open and then quit, I've put a discussion on hyper. I've install zsh, neofetch, zsh, oh-my-zsh inside Ubuntu (instead of in hyper).
P/S: The newest version (Ubuntu 20.04) need this setting:

shell: 'wsl.exe',
shellArgs: ['-d', 'Ubuntu-20.04'],
@altosaar

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@altosaar altosaar commented Jul 25, 2021

I've found Windows Terminal to work better than hyper.

@aiyanajade

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@aiyanajade aiyanajade commented Jul 25, 2021

I tried almost everything to fix my hyper issues but could not fix them so I just switched back to working on ubuntu terminal

@loctran016

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@loctran016 loctran016 commented Jul 25, 2021

Oh, and btw, the command come out when I found this in Window Terminal (wsl.exe -d Ubuntu-20.04):
image

@Rafaelb4rros

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@Rafaelb4rros Rafaelb4rros commented Sep 23, 2021

when I try to use the 'hyper' command (hyper i hyper-statusline hyper-search hyper-oceanic-next) it's giving the following error: /usr/bin/env: ‘bash\r’: No such file or directory. What can it be?

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