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Force-Directed Graph

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Markdown

This simple force-directed graph shows character co-occurence in Les Misérables. A physical simulation of charged particles and springs places related characters in closer proximity, while unrelated characters are farther apart. Layout algorithm inspired by Tim Dwyer and Thomas Jakobsen. Data based on character coappearence in Victor Hugo's Les Misérables, compiled by Donald Knuth.

Compare this display to a force layout with curved links, a force layout with fisheye distortion and a matrix diagram.

index.html
HTML
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<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<style>
 
.node {
stroke: #fff;
stroke-width: 1.5px;
}
 
.link {
stroke: #999;
stroke-opacity: .6;
}
 
</style>
<body>
<script src="http://d3js.org/d3.v3.min.js"></script>
<script>
 
var width = 960,
height = 500;
 
var color = d3.scale.category20();
 
var force = d3.layout.force()
.charge(-120)
.linkDistance(30)
.size([width, height]);
 
var svg = d3.select("body").append("svg")
.attr("width", width)
.attr("height", height);
 
d3.json("miserables.json", function(error, graph) {
force
.nodes(graph.nodes)
.links(graph.links)
.start();
 
var link = svg.selectAll(".link")
.data(graph.links)
.enter().append("line")
.attr("class", "link")
.style("stroke-width", function(d) { return Math.sqrt(d.value); });
 
var node = svg.selectAll(".node")
.data(graph.nodes)
.enter().append("circle")
.attr("class", "node")
.attr("r", 5)
.style("fill", function(d) { return color(d.group); })
.call(force.drag);
 
node.append("title")
.text(function(d) { return d.name; });
 
force.on("tick", function() {
link.attr("x1", function(d) { return d.source.x; })
.attr("y1", function(d) { return d.source.y; })
.attr("x2", function(d) { return d.target.x; })
.attr("y2", function(d) { return d.target.y; });
 
node.attr("cx", function(d) { return d.x; })
.attr("cy", function(d) { return d.y; });
});
});
 
</script>
miserables.json
JSON
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337
{
"nodes":[
{"name":"Myriel","group":1},
{"name":"Napoleon","group":1},
{"name":"Mlle.Baptistine","group":1},
{"name":"Mme.Magloire","group":1},
{"name":"CountessdeLo","group":1},
{"name":"Geborand","group":1},
{"name":"Champtercier","group":1},
{"name":"Cravatte","group":1},
{"name":"Count","group":1},
{"name":"OldMan","group":1},
{"name":"Labarre","group":2},
{"name":"Valjean","group":2},
{"name":"Marguerite","group":3},
{"name":"Mme.deR","group":2},
{"name":"Isabeau","group":2},
{"name":"Gervais","group":2},
{"name":"Tholomyes","group":3},
{"name":"Listolier","group":3},
{"name":"Fameuil","group":3},
{"name":"Blacheville","group":3},
{"name":"Favourite","group":3},
{"name":"Dahlia","group":3},
{"name":"Zephine","group":3},
{"name":"Fantine","group":3},
{"name":"Mme.Thenardier","group":4},
{"name":"Thenardier","group":4},
{"name":"Cosette","group":5},
{"name":"Javert","group":4},
{"name":"Fauchelevent","group":0},
{"name":"Bamatabois","group":2},
{"name":"Perpetue","group":3},
{"name":"Simplice","group":2},
{"name":"Scaufflaire","group":2},
{"name":"Woman1","group":2},
{"name":"Judge","group":2},
{"name":"Champmathieu","group":2},
{"name":"Brevet","group":2},
{"name":"Chenildieu","group":2},
{"name":"Cochepaille","group":2},
{"name":"Pontmercy","group":4},
{"name":"Boulatruelle","group":6},
{"name":"Eponine","group":4},
{"name":"Anzelma","group":4},
{"name":"Woman2","group":5},
{"name":"MotherInnocent","group":0},
{"name":"Gribier","group":0},
{"name":"Jondrette","group":7},
{"name":"Mme.Burgon","group":7},
{"name":"Gavroche","group":8},
{"name":"Gillenormand","group":5},
{"name":"Magnon","group":5},
{"name":"Mlle.Gillenormand","group":5},
{"name":"Mme.Pontmercy","group":5},
{"name":"Mlle.Vaubois","group":5},
{"name":"Lt.Gillenormand","group":5},
{"name":"Marius","group":8},
{"name":"BaronessT","group":5},
{"name":"Mabeuf","group":8},
{"name":"Enjolras","group":8},
{"name":"Combeferre","group":8},
{"name":"Prouvaire","group":8},
{"name":"Feuilly","group":8},
{"name":"Courfeyrac","group":8},
{"name":"Bahorel","group":8},
{"name":"Bossuet","group":8},
{"name":"Joly","group":8},
{"name":"Grantaire","group":8},
{"name":"MotherPlutarch","group":9},
{"name":"Gueulemer","group":4},
{"name":"Babet","group":4},
{"name":"Claquesous","group":4},
{"name":"Montparnasse","group":4},
{"name":"Toussaint","group":5},
{"name":"Child1","group":10},
{"name":"Child2","group":10},
{"name":"Brujon","group":4},
{"name":"Mme.Hucheloup","group":8}
],
"links":[
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]
}

Hello. I am new to d3 (thank you-it's amazing!), and am using your examples to learn. I have re-created this graph, but am trying to get the names to show up as labels on the graph. i thought that the code:

node.append("title")
.text(function(d) { return d.name; });

would append the name of each row to the node, but it doesn't seem to. If this code is not to append the title then what is it's purpose? also, if this code isn't meant to add the label to each node, can you point me in the direction of some code that would do the trick?

thank you!

Hello and thank you very much for your example! I am trying to do the same kind of graph to put it on a website and let the people interact with the information. I guess that you got the original information from a Neo4j database, is that right? In that case, the question is where did you get the json file from? Is it necessary?

Thank you!

Javier

The JSON data is derived from jean.dat in ftp://ftp.cs.stanford.edu/pub/sgb/sgb.tar.gz.

It's part of the Stanford GraphBase discussed here: http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~uno/sgb.html

Hi guys,

I'm reusing the code and have not been able to successfully modify it to implement this requirement: "The 'clicked' node in the graph moves to the center of the force-directed graph and the graph is re-drawn!"

Can you help me point to some example that does this. I'd be very thankful.

Regds, Kuldeep.

Hello

I'm making use of its graph model. However, I must now define specific distances for each node (not just weight stroke-line).

The "linkDistance" make for all lines.
how can I modify it so that the distance is always the base value of the stroke line?

I tried to modify the code, but it is obscured, making it difficult to understand.

Thank you.

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