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@KartikTalwar
Last active June 13, 2024 07:02
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Rsync over SSH - (40MB/s over 1GB NICs)

The fastest remote directory rsync over ssh archival I can muster (40MB/s over 1gb NICs)

This creates an archive that does the following:

rsync (Everyone seems to like -z, but it is much slower for me)

  • a: archive mode - rescursive, preserves owner, preserves permissions, preserves modification times, preserves group, copies symlinks as symlinks, preserves device files.
  • H: preserves hard-links
  • A: preserves ACLs
  • X: preserves extended attributes
  • x: don't cross file-system boundaries
  • v: increase verbosity
  • --numeric-ds: don't map uid/gid values by user/group name
  • --delete: delete extraneous files from dest dirs (differential clean-up during sync)
  • --progress: show progress during transfer

ssh

  • T: turn off pseudo-tty to decrease cpu load on destination.
  • c arcfour: use the weakest but fastest SSH encryption. Must specify "Ciphers arcfour" in sshd_config on destination.
  • o Compression=no: Turn off SSH compression.
  • x: turn off X forwarding if it is on by default.

Original

rsync -aHAXxv --numeric-ids --delete --progress -e "ssh -T -c arcfour -o Compression=no -x" user@<source>:<source_dir> <dest_dir>

Flip

rsync -aHAXxv --numeric-ids --delete --progress -e "ssh -T -c arcfour -o Compression=no -x" [source_dir] [dest_host:/dest_dir]
rsync -aHAXxv --numeric-ids --delete --progress -e "ssh -T -c arcfour -o Compression=no -x" user@<source>:<source_dir> <dest_dir>
@pricesgoingup
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pricesgoingup commented Sep 11, 2022 via email

@jaimehrubiks
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Great discussion.

I found this to be the best option. "ssh -T -c aes256-gcm@openssh.com -o Compression=no -x" .Probably aes256 was faster than arcfour due to hardware optimizations or something. Also might play with/without rsync -z based on the quantity/size of the files to transfer. No compression was faster for an already compressed single big tar.gz file

@pricesgoingup
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pricesgoingup commented Sep 27, 2022 via email

@schmorp
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schmorp commented Mar 3, 2024

To not let this stand as is, some facts: compression is off by default in ssh (and always has been in openssh), tty allocation is off when used in rsync and x forwarding does not affect bulk bandwidth in any way. Any difference in speed measured is not due to these options, but more likely because of a bad test setup, such as first making tests with cold disk cache and the with hot cache. The only change that can affect speed is the cipher (and not turning compression explicitly on in rsync or ssh).

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