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Default .bashrc for ubuntu
# ~/.bashrc: executed by bash(1) for non-login shells.
# see /usr/share/doc/bash/examples/startup-files (in the package bash-doc)
# for examples
# If not running interactively, don't do anything
[ -z "$PS1" ] && return
# don't put duplicate lines in the history. See bash(1) for more options
# ... or force ignoredups and ignorespace
HISTCONTROL=ignoredups:ignorespace
# append to the history file, don't overwrite it
shopt -s histappend
# for setting history length see HISTSIZE and HISTFILESIZE in bash(1)
HISTSIZE=1000
HISTFILESIZE=2000
# check the window size after each command and, if necessary,
# update the values of LINES and COLUMNS.
shopt -s checkwinsize
# make less more friendly for non-text input files, see lesspipe(1)
[ -x /usr/bin/lesspipe ] && eval "$(SHELL=/bin/sh lesspipe)"
# set variable identifying the chroot you work in (used in the prompt below)
if [ -z "$debian_chroot" ] && [ -r /etc/debian_chroot ]; then
debian_chroot=$(cat /etc/debian_chroot)
fi
# set a fancy prompt (non-color, unless we know we "want" color)
case "$TERM" in
xterm-color) color_prompt=yes;;
esac
# uncomment for a colored prompt, if the terminal has the capability; turned
# off by default to not distract the user: the focus in a terminal window
# should be on the output of commands, not on the prompt
#force_color_prompt=yes
if [ -n "$force_color_prompt" ]; then
if [ -x /usr/bin/tput ] && tput setaf 1 >&/dev/null; then
# We have color support; assume it's compliant with Ecma-48
# (ISO/IEC-6429). (Lack of such support is extremely rare, and such
# a case would tend to support setf rather than setaf.)
color_prompt=yes
else
color_prompt=
fi
fi
if [ "$color_prompt" = yes ]; then
PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ '
else
PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
fi
unset color_prompt force_color_prompt
# If this is an xterm set the title to user@host:dir
case "$TERM" in
xterm*|rxvt*)
PS1="\[\e]0;${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h: \w\a\]$PS1"
;;
*)
;;
esac
# enable color support of ls and also add handy aliases
if [ -x /usr/bin/dircolors ]; then
test -r ~/.dircolors && eval "$(dircolors -b ~/.dircolors)" || eval "$(dircolors -b)"
alias ls='ls --color=auto'
#alias dir='dir --color=auto'
#alias vdir='vdir --color=auto'
alias grep='grep --color=auto'
alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'
alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'
fi
# some more ls aliases
alias ll='ls -alF'
alias la='ls -A'
alias l='ls -CF'
# Add an "alert" alias for long running commands. Use like so:
# sleep 10; alert
alias alert='notify-send --urgency=low -i "$([ $? = 0 ] && echo terminal || echo error)" "$(history|tail -n1|sed -e '\''s/^\s*[0-9]\+\s*//;s/[;&|]\s*alert$//'\'')"'
# Alias definitions.
# You may want to put all your additions into a separate file like
# ~/.bash_aliases, instead of adding them here directly.
# See /usr/share/doc/bash-doc/examples in the bash-doc package.
if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then
. ~/.bash_aliases
fi
# enable programmable completion features (you don't need to enable
# this, if it's already enabled in /etc/bash.bashrc and /etc/profile
# sources /etc/bash.bashrc).
if [ -f /etc/bash_completion ] && ! shopt -oq posix; then
. /etc/bash_completion
fi
@amansubhan
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amansubhan commented Feb 15, 2016

Thanx... my profile is back in shape :D

@richardn-jm
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richardn-jm commented Oct 5, 2016

bdhoine commented on 4 Aug 2015
why not use the /etc/skel/.bashrc file?

indeed. just use that

@VictorFursa
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VictorFursa commented Oct 11, 2016

Thanks you

@enmanuelr
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enmanuelr commented Nov 3, 2016

You're awesome. Thanks.

@MatthewPeterKelly
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MatthewPeterKelly commented Nov 7, 2016

This is excellent. Thanks!

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ghost commented Feb 23, 2017

Thank you !!

@Sal7yGoa7
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Sal7yGoa7 commented Jun 26, 2017

Thank you! I'm sure I did what most of the others above me did...I overwrote my .bashrc file (yes, I'm a noob). I'm not great at keyboarding. Thanks for the helpful copy and paste ease you provided.

@leezx
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leezx commented Oct 18, 2017

Thank you!

@demahum
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demahum commented Oct 26, 2017

Can you provide a source for this? Of course it is good nonetheless, but it would be good to have some other place to find similar things (such as official Ubuntu repository). Gist is somehow unofficial.

@K23Nikhil
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K23Nikhil commented Jan 11, 2018

How can replace this file? Actually i have done some changes in bashrc file and due to I'm not able to edit it can anyone suggest me

@ohnezeit
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ohnezeit commented Jan 19, 2018

K23BNikhil
Have you tried going in through terminal and trying sudo nano .bashrc?
have you checked the owner/permissions of the file? ls -al
if you are not the owner, or the permissions are not "-rw-r--r-- (your UN) (Your UN)"
To fix permissions: sudo chmod 644 .bashrc ?
To fix the Owner: sudo chown (Your UN) .bashrc

if none of that works... perhaps delete it and make a new .bashrc file? (Not sure how well that would or wouldn't work) But it is probably a permissions issue. Hopefully you can get it worked out.

BTW, Mario, thank you for posting this, very helpful.

@pascalesdedy
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pascalesdedy commented Sep 4, 2018

thanx !!

@AsidikAlJr
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AsidikAlJr commented Jan 27, 2019

why is the color of the username and computer name white??? Please answer my question:)

@TurtleWolfe
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TurtleWolfe commented Apr 2, 2019

AsidikAlJr, if you'd like to change colors.. take a look at EZprompt

@inomasadji
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inomasadji commented May 15, 2019

Thank you a lot!

@kaiyom
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kaiyom commented Jul 5, 2019

your system already contains a copy of .bashrc file. if you want use that just run cp /etc/skel/.bashrc ~/

@Deadpool-ai
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Deadpool-ai commented Jul 14, 2019

THERE is an error in line 53 let me correct please

@Bharat123rox
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Bharat123rox commented Jul 16, 2019

Thanks a lot!
Needed some of this for a Mac :P

@bilelsaid
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bilelsaid commented Dec 5, 2019

Thanks a lot.
But it displays the following message every time that i open new terminal:

alias alert='notify-send --urgency=low -i "$([ $? = 0 ] && echo terminal || echo error)" "$(history|tail -n1|sed -e '''s/^\s*[0-9]+\s*//;s/[;&|]\s*alert$//''')"'

alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'
alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'
alias grep='grep --color=auto'
alias l='ls -CF'
alias la='ls -A'
alias ll='ls -alF'
alias ls='ls color=auto'

Does any one of you faced this?

@TheCeloReis
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TheCeloReis commented Apr 6, 2020

Thanks, I accidentally deleted my whole /home

@farras09
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farras09 commented Apr 18, 2020

Thanks a lot

@Gradivo
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Gradivo commented Apr 20, 2020

nice thank you

@mukheshpugal
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mukheshpugal commented Jun 18, 2020

Thank you!

@medoxplus
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medoxplus commented Oct 13, 2020

oh that's a life saver

@SupportiveUSER-0b00000001

Pretty convenient, don't you think?

Literally.

@SimonMunzinger
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SimonMunzinger commented Nov 21, 2021

Thank you. I completly destroyed my bashrc. Just pasted this an everything worked perfectly.

@dharmaturtle
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dharmaturtle commented Dec 19, 2021

You don't need to trust this random gist on Github. Heck, it's ~10 years old. Don't you want the latest default - or the default that's specific to your version of Ubuntu?

You can find the "skeleton" file used to initialize new users in ls -a /etc/skel. For example:

$ cat /etc/skel/.bashrc
# ~/.bashrc: executed by bash(1) for non-login shells.
# see /usr/share/doc/bash/examples/startup-files (in the package bash-doc)
# for examples

# If not running interactively, don't do anything
case $- in
    *i*) ;;
      *) return;;
esac

# don't put duplicate lines or lines starting with space in the history.
# See bash(1) for more options
HISTCONTROL=ignoreboth

# append to the history file, don't overwrite it
shopt -s histappend

# for setting history length see HISTSIZE and HISTFILESIZE in bash(1)
HISTSIZE=1000
HISTFILESIZE=2000

# check the window size after each command and, if necessary,
# update the values of LINES and COLUMNS.
shopt -s checkwinsize

# If set, the pattern "**" used in a pathname expansion context will
# match all files and zero or more directories and subdirectories.
#shopt -s globstar

# make less more friendly for non-text input files, see lesspipe(1)
[ -x /usr/bin/lesspipe ] && eval "$(SHELL=/bin/sh lesspipe)"

# set variable identifying the chroot you work in (used in the prompt below)
if [ -z "${debian_chroot:-}" ] && [ -r /etc/debian_chroot ]; then
    debian_chroot=$(cat /etc/debian_chroot)
fi

# set a fancy prompt (non-color, unless we know we "want" color)
case "$TERM" in
    xterm-color|*-256color) color_prompt=yes;;
esac

# uncomment for a colored prompt, if the terminal has the capability; turned
# off by default to not distract the user: the focus in a terminal window
# should be on the output of commands, not on the prompt
#force_color_prompt=yes

if [ -n "$force_color_prompt" ]; then
    if [ -x /usr/bin/tput ] && tput setaf 1 >&/dev/null; then
        # We have color support; assume it's compliant with Ecma-48
        # (ISO/IEC-6429). (Lack of such support is extremely rare, and such
        # a case would tend to support setf rather than setaf.)
        color_prompt=yes
    else
        color_prompt=
    fi
fi

if [ "$color_prompt" = yes ]; then
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ '
else
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
fi
unset color_prompt force_color_prompt

# If this is an xterm set the title to user@host:dir
case "$TERM" in
xterm*|rxvt*)
    PS1="\[\e]0;${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h: \w\a\]$PS1"
    ;;
*)
    ;;
esac

# enable color support of ls and also add handy aliases
if [ -x /usr/bin/dircolors ]; then
    test -r ~/.dircolors && eval "$(dircolors -b ~/.dircolors)" || eval "$(dircolors -b)"
    alias ls='ls --color=auto'
    #alias dir='dir --color=auto'
    #alias vdir='vdir --color=auto'

    alias grep='grep --color=auto'
    alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'
    alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'
fi

# colored GCC warnings and errors
#export GCC_COLORS='error=01;31:warning=01;35:note=01;36:caret=01;32:locus=01:quote=01'

# some more ls aliases
alias ll='ls -alF'
alias la='ls -A'
alias l='ls -CF'

# Add an "alert" alias for long running commands.  Use like so:
#   sleep 10; alert
alias alert='notify-send --urgency=low -i "$([ $? = 0 ] && echo terminal || echo error)" "$(history|tail -n1|sed -e '\''s/^\s*[0-9]\+\s*//;s/[;&|]\s*alert$//'\'')"'

# Alias definitions.
# You may want to put all your additions into a separate file like
# ~/.bash_aliases, instead of adding them here directly.
# See /usr/share/doc/bash-doc/examples in the bash-doc package.

if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then
    . ~/.bash_aliases
fi

# enable programmable completion features (you don't need to enable
# this, if it's already enabled in /etc/bash.bashrc and /etc/profile
# sources /etc/bash.bashrc).
if ! shopt -oq posix; then
  if [ -f /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion ]; then
    . /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
  elif [ -f /etc/bash_completion ]; then
    . /etc/bash_completion
  fi
fi

To copy someone else's comment: just run cp /etc/skel/.bashrc ~/ to copy from that "skeleton" to your current bashrc.

@vardhanshahpirimid
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vardhanshahpirimid commented Jan 13, 2022

@meelih
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meelih commented Mar 4, 2022

You don't need to trust this random gist on Github. Heck, it's ~10 years old. Don't you want the latest default - or the default that's specific to your version of Ubuntu?

You can find the "skeleton" file used to initialize new users in ls -a /etc/skel. For example:

$ cat /etc/skel/.bashrc
# ~/.bashrc: executed by bash(1) for non-login shells.
# see /usr/share/doc/bash/examples/startup-files (in the package bash-doc)
# for examples

# If not running interactively, don't do anything
case $- in
    *i*) ;;
      *) return;;
esac

# don't put duplicate lines or lines starting with space in the history.
# See bash(1) for more options
HISTCONTROL=ignoreboth

# append to the history file, don't overwrite it
shopt -s histappend

# for setting history length see HISTSIZE and HISTFILESIZE in bash(1)
HISTSIZE=1000
HISTFILESIZE=2000

# check the window size after each command and, if necessary,
# update the values of LINES and COLUMNS.
shopt -s checkwinsize

# If set, the pattern "**" used in a pathname expansion context will
# match all files and zero or more directories and subdirectories.
#shopt -s globstar

# make less more friendly for non-text input files, see lesspipe(1)
[ -x /usr/bin/lesspipe ] && eval "$(SHELL=/bin/sh lesspipe)"

# set variable identifying the chroot you work in (used in the prompt below)
if [ -z "${debian_chroot:-}" ] && [ -r /etc/debian_chroot ]; then
    debian_chroot=$(cat /etc/debian_chroot)
fi

# set a fancy prompt (non-color, unless we know we "want" color)
case "$TERM" in
    xterm-color|*-256color) color_prompt=yes;;
esac

# uncomment for a colored prompt, if the terminal has the capability; turned
# off by default to not distract the user: the focus in a terminal window
# should be on the output of commands, not on the prompt
#force_color_prompt=yes

if [ -n "$force_color_prompt" ]; then
    if [ -x /usr/bin/tput ] && tput setaf 1 >&/dev/null; then
        # We have color support; assume it's compliant with Ecma-48
        # (ISO/IEC-6429). (Lack of such support is extremely rare, and such
        # a case would tend to support setf rather than setaf.)
        color_prompt=yes
    else
        color_prompt=
    fi
fi

if [ "$color_prompt" = yes ]; then
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ '
else
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
fi
unset color_prompt force_color_prompt

# If this is an xterm set the title to user@host:dir
case "$TERM" in
xterm*|rxvt*)
    PS1="\[\e]0;${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h: \w\a\]$PS1"
    ;;
*)
    ;;
esac

# enable color support of ls and also add handy aliases
if [ -x /usr/bin/dircolors ]; then
    test -r ~/.dircolors && eval "$(dircolors -b ~/.dircolors)" || eval "$(dircolors -b)"
    alias ls='ls --color=auto'
    #alias dir='dir --color=auto'
    #alias vdir='vdir --color=auto'

    alias grep='grep --color=auto'
    alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'
    alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'
fi

# colored GCC warnings and errors
#export GCC_COLORS='error=01;31:warning=01;35:note=01;36:caret=01;32:locus=01:quote=01'

# some more ls aliases
alias ll='ls -alF'
alias la='ls -A'
alias l='ls -CF'

# Add an "alert" alias for long running commands.  Use like so:
#   sleep 10; alert
alias alert='notify-send --urgency=low -i "$([ $? = 0 ] && echo terminal || echo error)" "$(history|tail -n1|sed -e '\''s/^\s*[0-9]\+\s*//;s/[;&|]\s*alert$//'\'')"'

# Alias definitions.
# You may want to put all your additions into a separate file like
# ~/.bash_aliases, instead of adding them here directly.
# See /usr/share/doc/bash-doc/examples in the bash-doc package.

if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then
    . ~/.bash_aliases
fi

# enable programmable completion features (you don't need to enable
# this, if it's already enabled in /etc/bash.bashrc and /etc/profile
# sources /etc/bash.bashrc).
if ! shopt -oq posix; then
  if [ -f /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion ]; then
    . /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
  elif [ -f /etc/bash_completion ]; then
    . /etc/bash_completion
  fi
fi

To copy someone else's comment: just run cp /etc/skel/.bashrc ~/ to copy from that "skeleton" to your current bashrc.

Thanks a lot

@mlungiseleli
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mlungiseleli commented Apr 10, 2022

This is another work around-----

Restore .bashrc file to default settings in Ubuntu
As you might already know, there is a default version of the bashrc file in the /etc/skel/ directory in Ubuntu.
So if you have problems with bashrc file, you can easily restore it to its default settings like below.

  1. First, backup your current bashrc file using command:

$ cp ~/.bashrc ~/.bashrc.bak

  1. Then, copy the default version of ~/.bashrc file to your current version like below:

$ cp /etc/skel/.bashrc ~/

3.Finally, run the following command to update the changes.

$ source ~/.bashrc

Reference:

https://ostechnix.com/restore-bashrc-file-default-settings-ubuntu/

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