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RGB, HSV, and HSL color conversion algorithms in JavaScript
/**
* Converts an RGB color value to HSL. Conversion formula
* adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_color_space.
* Assumes r, g, and b are contained in the set [0, 255] and
* returns h, s, and l in the set [0, 1].
*
* @param Number r The red color value
* @param Number g The green color value
* @param Number b The blue color value
* @return Array The HSL representation
*/
function rgbToHsl(r, g, b) {
r /= 255, g /= 255, b /= 255;
var max = Math.max(r, g, b), min = Math.min(r, g, b);
var h, s, l = (max + min) / 2;
if (max == min) {
h = s = 0; // achromatic
} else {
var d = max - min;
s = l > 0.5 ? d / (2 - max - min) : d / (max + min);
switch (max) {
case r: h = (g - b) / d + (g < b ? 6 : 0); break;
case g: h = (b - r) / d + 2; break;
case b: h = (r - g) / d + 4; break;
}
h /= 6;
}
return [ h, s, l ];
}
/**
* Converts an HSL color value to RGB. Conversion formula
* adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_color_space.
* Assumes h, s, and l are contained in the set [0, 1] and
* returns r, g, and b in the set [0, 255].
*
* @param Number h The hue
* @param Number s The saturation
* @param Number l The lightness
* @return Array The RGB representation
*/
function hslToRgb(h, s, l) {
var r, g, b;
if (s == 0) {
r = g = b = l; // achromatic
} else {
function hue2rgb(p, q, t) {
if (t < 0) t += 1;
if (t > 1) t -= 1;
if (t < 1/6) return p + (q - p) * 6 * t;
if (t < 1/2) return q;
if (t < 2/3) return p + (q - p) * (2/3 - t) * 6;
return p;
}
var q = l < 0.5 ? l * (1 + s) : l + s - l * s;
var p = 2 * l - q;
r = hue2rgb(p, q, h + 1/3);
g = hue2rgb(p, q, h);
b = hue2rgb(p, q, h - 1/3);
}
return [ r * 255, g * 255, b * 255 ];
}
/**
* Converts an RGB color value to HSV. Conversion formula
* adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSV_color_space.
* Assumes r, g, and b are contained in the set [0, 255] and
* returns h, s, and v in the set [0, 1].
*
* @param Number r The red color value
* @param Number g The green color value
* @param Number b The blue color value
* @return Array The HSV representation
*/
function rgbToHsv(r, g, b) {
r /= 255, g /= 255, b /= 255;
var max = Math.max(r, g, b), min = Math.min(r, g, b);
var h, s, v = max;
var d = max - min;
s = max == 0 ? 0 : d / max;
if (max == min) {
h = 0; // achromatic
} else {
switch (max) {
case r: h = (g - b) / d + (g < b ? 6 : 0); break;
case g: h = (b - r) / d + 2; break;
case b: h = (r - g) / d + 4; break;
}
h /= 6;
}
return [ h, s, v ];
}
/**
* Converts an HSV color value to RGB. Conversion formula
* adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSV_color_space.
* Assumes h, s, and v are contained in the set [0, 1] and
* returns r, g, and b in the set [0, 255].
*
* @param Number h The hue
* @param Number s The saturation
* @param Number v The value
* @return Array The RGB representation
*/
function hsvToRgb(h, s, v) {
var r, g, b;
var i = Math.floor(h * 6);
var f = h * 6 - i;
var p = v * (1 - s);
var q = v * (1 - f * s);
var t = v * (1 - (1 - f) * s);
switch (i % 6) {
case 0: r = v, g = t, b = p; break;
case 1: r = q, g = v, b = p; break;
case 2: r = p, g = v, b = t; break;
case 3: r = p, g = q, b = v; break;
case 4: r = t, g = p, b = v; break;
case 5: r = v, g = p, b = q; break;
}
return [ r * 255, g * 255, b * 255 ];
}

@mjackson Would it be possible for you to attach a free software license to this or release it to the public domain? (short read: http://blog.codinghorror.com/pick-a-license-any-license/)

pygy commented Sep 9, 2015

Indeed it would be nice to see a license attached to these routines. Other folks have borrowed them without further toughts, but I'd rather have an official permission to do so.

+1

ststeiger commented May 30, 2017 edited

+1
but hslToRgb(h, s, l)==> return [Math.round(r * 255), Math.round(g * 255), Math.round(b * 255)];
RGB uses integers.
Or perhaps more correctly

MAX
(
      MIN
      (
             255
           , Round(r*255)
      )
      ,0
)

etc.

so

function hslToRgb(h, s, l)
{
    var r, g, b;

    if (s == 0)
    {
        r = g = b = l; // achromatic
    }
    else
    {
        function hue2rgb(p, q, t)
        {
            if (t < 0) t += 1;
            if (t > 1) t -= 1;
            if (t < 1 / 6) return p + (q - p) * 6 * t;
            if (t < 1 / 2) return q;
            if (t < 2 / 3) return p + (q - p) * (2 / 3 - t) * 6;
            return p;
        }

        var q = l < 0.5 ? l * (1 + s) : l + s - l * s;
        var p = 2 * l - q;

        r = hue2rgb(p, q, h + 1 / 3);
        g = hue2rgb(p, q, h);
        b = hue2rgb(p, q, h - 1 / 3);
    }

    return [
         Math.max(0, Math.min(Math.round(r * 255), 255)) 
        ,Math.max(0, Math.min(Math.round(g * 255), 255)) 
        ,Math.max(0, Math.min(Math.round(b * 255), 255)) 
    ];
}

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