You have installed GPG, then tried to commit and suddenly you see this error message after it:
error: gpg failed to sign the data fatal: failed to write commit object
For understanding what's going on, first check what git is doing, so add
GIT_TRACE=1 at the beginning of the command you used before (
git commit or
GIT_TRACE=1 git commit
With that you can see what GPG is doing: Probably you will see something like this
10:37:22.346480 run-command.c:637 trace: run_command: gpg --status-fd=2 -bsau <your GPG key>
(Check if your GPG key is correct)
Execute that gpg command again in the command line:
gpg --status-fd=2 -bsau <your GPG key>
👆🏻 With this now you could see what happened in detail!
We can have many problems, but I list what I found:
- It could be that the GPG key was expired: https://stackoverflow.com/a/47561300/532912
- Another thing could be that the secret key was not set properly (In my case the message said
gpg: signing failed: No secret keyas it can be see in the image below). It means that is not finding the key that was set. You would need to set up the GPG key in Git (again):
- List the secret keys available in GPG.
gpg --list-secret-keys --keyid-format=long
- Copy your key
- Set your key for your user in git
git config --global user.signingkey <your key>
- You can see in the thread of this gist other ways to find the solution to other problems. I recommend to read the Github guide for signing commits with GPG.
Hope it helps!
This option is for setting the path in .gitconfig to gpg.exe in the windows os environment.